# Correlationship vs. Correlation — Which is Correct Spelling?

Edited by Maham Liaqat — By Munazza Shafiq — Updated on April 28, 2024

**Correlationship is the incorrect spelling of correlation, which refers to a mutual relationship or connection between two or more things where one thing is related to or dependent on another.**

### Table of Contents

## Which is correct: Correlationship or Correlation

How to spell Correlation?

### Correlationship

Incorrect Spelling

### Correlation

Correct Spelling

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## Key Differences

Remember that similar statistical terms like "regression" also do not use the "-ship" suffix.

Recall that "correlation" is formed from "co-" (together) and "relation," emphasizing the concept of things being related without additional suffixes like "-ship."

Note the simplicity of "correlation," focusing on the core idea of things relating to each other directly.

## How Do You Spell Correlation Correctly?

Incorrect: He misunderstood the correlationship of the variables in the experiment.

Correct: He misunderstood the correlation of the variables in the experiment.

Incorrect: Their study focuses on the correlationship between economic growth and environmental degradation.

Correct: Their study focuses on the correlation between economic growth and environmental degradation.

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Incorrect: They argued about the correlationship between historical events and cultural changes.

Correct: They argued about the correlation between historical events and cultural changes.

Incorrect: She presented data on the correlationship of increased screen time with decreased sleep quality.

Correct: She presented data on the correlation of increased screen time with decreased sleep quality.

Incorrect: The research paper discussed the correlationship between diet and health.

Correct: The research paper discussed the correlation between diet and health.

## Correlation Definitions

A mutual relationship or connection between two or more things.

Researchers have found a strong correlation between stress and health problems.

A phenomenon where two or more events or variables are associated more frequently than can be expected by chance.

There is a notable correlation between high levels of pollution and low public health outcomes.

Indicates the degree to which a pair of variables are linearly related.

A correlation coefficient of +1 means a perfect positive relationship.

A statistical measure that expresses the extent to which two variables are linearly related.

The correlation between smoking and lung cancer is well-documented.

In statistics, a technique for investigating the relationship between two quantitative, continuous variables.

They used Pearson correlation to analyze the data.

In statistics, correlation or dependence is any statistical relationship, whether causal or not, between two random variables or bivariate data. In the broadest sense correlation is any statistical association, though it commonly refers to the degree to which a pair of variables are linearly related.

A relationship or connection between two things based on co-occurrence or pattern of change

A correlation between drug abuse and crime.

(Statistics) The tendency for two values or variables to change together, in either the same or opposite way

As cigarette smoking increases, so does the incidence of lung cancer, indicating a positive correlation.

An act of correlating or the condition of being correlated.

A reciprocal, parallel or complementary relationship between two or more comparable objects.

(statistics) One of the several measures of the linear statistical relationship between two random variables, indicating both the strength and direction of the relationship.

(algebra) An isomorphism from a projective space to the dual of a projective space, often to the dual of itself.

Reciprocal relation; corresponding similarity or parallelism of relation or law; capacity of being converted into, or of giving place to, one another, under certain conditions; as, the correlation of forces, or of zymotic diseases.

A reciprocal relation between two or more things

A statistic representing how closely two variables co-vary; it can vary from -1 (perfect negative correlation) through 0 (no correlation) to +1 (perfect positive correlation);

What is the correlation between those two variables?

A statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other

## Correlation Meaning in a Sentence

Correlation does not imply causation, a fundamental concept in statistical analysis.

The correlation between exercise and mental health improvements is increasingly supported by research.

They found no significant correlation between the two drugs' effects.

The correlation coefficient helps in understanding the strength of the relationship.

The study explores the correlation between childhood nutrition and cognitive development.

Researchers caution against assuming causation from correlation without further analysis.

Statistical tools were used to measure the correlation in data trends.

A high correlation was found between hours of study and exam scores.

There was a noticeable correlation in the voting patterns across different regions.

The correlation analysis was crucial for predicting future trends.

Understanding correlation is essential for effective data science.

The graph shows a clear correlation between temperature rise and ice melting rates.

There appears to be a correlation between vehicle speed and accident severity.

Her thesis demonstrated a strong correlation between air quality and lung diseases.

He used scatter plots to show the correlation between population density and resource use.

The correlation between vitamin D levels and bone health was the subject of the dissertation.

She explained how correlation matrices are used in multivariate statistics.

The correlation table is a part of the appendices in their published report.

They discussed how correlation studies might help in understanding genetic diseases.

The correlation between urban living and stress levels was a key finding of the survey.

Financial experts use correlation to manage portfolio risk.

Economic analysts often look for correlation patterns between market indicators.

The correlation data supported her hypothesis about energy consumption and efficiency.

Their research debunked the presumed correlation between age and tech-savviness.

## Correlation Idioms & Phrases

#### Positive correlation

A relationship between two variables where they either increase or decrease together.

There is a positive correlation between height and weight as children grow.

#### Zero correlation

A situation in which there is no linear relationship between two variables.

The study showed zero correlation between hair color and intelligence.

#### Pearson correlation

A measure of the linear correlation between two variables X and Y, giving a value between +1 and −1 inclusive.

Pearson correlation analysis was utilized to assess the relationship between the two continuous variables.

#### Correlation coefficient

A numerical measure of some type of correlation, meaning a statistical relationship between two variables.

The correlation coefficient of the data was closer to 1, indicating a strong positive correlation.

#### Autocorrelation

The correlation of a signal with a delayed copy of itself as a function of delay.

The engineer examined the autocorrelation of the signal to identify patterns or periodicity.

#### Negative correlation

A relationship where one variable increases as the other decreases.

There is a negative correlation between the amount of exercise and levels of stress.

#### Spearman's rank correlation

A nonparametric measure of rank correlation that assesses how well the relationship between two variables can be described using a monotonic function.

They used Spearman's rank correlation to evaluate the ordinal data.

#### Correlation matrix

A table showing correlation coefficients between sets of variables.

The correlation matrix indicated several potentially interesting relationships to investigate further.

#### Correlation does not imply causation

A principle that correlation between two variables does not automatically imply that one causes the other.

While there's a correlation between ice cream sales and shark attacks, one does not cause the other.

#### Cross-correlation

A measure of correlation between two signals (series of measurements) at different times.

They performed a cross-correlation to find how the signals aligned or were related at different time lags.

## Common Curiosities

#### What is a stressed syllable in correlation?

The stressed syllable in correlation is the second syllable: "re."

#### How many syllables are in correlation?

There are four syllables in correlation.

#### How is correlation used in a sentence?

Correlation is used as a noun to describe a statistical relationship between two or more variables or to refer to any noticeable association between variables.

#### How do we divide correlation into syllables?

Correlation is divided into syllables as cor-re-la-tion.

#### What is the third form of correlation?

The third form of the verb "correlate" is also "correlated."

#### What is another term for correlation?

Another term for correlation could be interrelation or interdependence.

#### What is the verb form of correlation?

Correlation is a noun; the related verb is "correlate."

#### Why is it called correlation?

It is called correlation because it comes from the Latin "correlatio," meaning "bringing together" or "matching," which reflects how this statistical measure assesses the degree to which two variables change in relation to each other.

#### What is the pronunciation of correlation?

Correlation is pronounced as /ˌkɒr.əˈleɪ.ʃən/.

#### What is the root word of correlation?

The root word of correlation is "correlate," which comes from the Latin "correlatus."

#### What is the first form of correlation?

The related verb first form is "correlate."

#### Is correlation a noun or adjective?

Correlation is a noun.

#### Is correlation an adverb?

No, correlation is not an adverb.

#### Is the word correlation imperative?

No, correlation is not used in the imperative; it is a noun.

#### Is the word correlation a Gerund?

No, correlation is not a gerund; it is a noun.

#### What part of speech is correlation?

Correlation is a noun.

#### Is correlation a negative or positive word?

Correlation is a neutral word; it can be used in positive or negative contexts depending on the variables involved.

#### Is correlation a vowel or consonant?

The word correlation starts with a consonant.

#### What is the second form of correlation?

The second form of the verb "correlate" is "correlated."

#### What is the plural form of correlation?

The plural form of correlation is correlations.

#### What is the opposite of correlation?

The opposite of correlation could be independence or uncorrelated.

#### Is the correlation term a metaphor?

Correlation can be used metaphorically to describe any type of relationship or connection that is not strictly statistical.

#### Which preposition is used with correlation?

Prepositions like "between," "among," and "with" are commonly used with correlation, e.g., "correlation between two variables."

#### Which article is used with correlation?

Both "the" and "a" can be used with correlation, depending on whether it is specified or introduced for the first time.

#### What is the singular form of correlation?

The singular form is correlation.

#### Is correlation an abstract noun?

Yes, correlation is an abstract noun as it refers to a concept or condition.

#### Which determiner is used with correlation?

Determiners such as "a," "an," "the," or "this" can be used with correlation depending on the context.

#### Is correlation a countable noun?

Yes, correlation is a countable noun.

#### Is correlation a collective noun?

No, correlation is not a collective noun.

#### Is the word “correlation” a Direct object or an Indirect object?

Correlation can be used as a direct object, e.g., "The study measured the correlation."

#### Which vowel is used before correlation?

No specific vowel is required before correlation; it depends on the context.

#### Which conjunction is used with correlation?

Conjunctions such as "and," "but," or "or" can be used with correlation depending on the sentence.

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Written by

Munazza ShafiqEdited by

Maham Liaqat