Sonata vs. Cantata

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(music) A musical composition for one or a few instruments, one of which is frequently a piano, in three or four movements that vary in key and tempo


(music) A vocal composition accompanied by instruments and generally containing more than one movement, typical of 17th and 18th century Italian music.


An extended composition for one or two instruments, consisting usually of three or four movements; as, Beethoven's sonatas for the piano, for the violin and piano, etc.


A poem set to music; a musical composition comprising choruses, solos, interludes, etc., arranged in a somewhat dramatic manner; originally, a composition for a single noise, consisting of both recitative and melody.


a musical composition of 3 or 4 movements of contrasting forms


a musical composition for voices and orchestra based on a religious text



Sonata (; Italian: [soˈnaːta], pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare [archaic Italian; replaced in the modern language by suonare], ), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, ), a piece sung.

‘to sound’; ‘to sing’;


A cantata (; Italian: [kanˈtaːta]; literally , past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, ) is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir. The meaning of the term changed over time, from the simple single-voice madrigal of the early 17th century, to the multi-voice and the of the later part of that century, from the more substantial dramatic forms of the 18th century to the usually sacred-texted 19th-century cantata, which was effectively a type of short oratorio.

‘sung’; ‘to sing’; ‘cantata da camera’; ‘cantata da chiesa’;

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