Inductance vs. Capacitance — What's the Difference?
Inductance is property of an electrical circuit that opposes changes in current. Capacitance is property of an electrical circuit that stores and releases electrical energy.
Difference Between Inductance and Capacitance
Table of Contents
Inductance: Arises from coils or solenoids. Capacitance: Arises from capacitors.
Inductance: Opposes rapid changes in current flow. Capacitance: Stores electrical charge.
Coils or solenoids
Opposes changes in current
Stores and releases electrical energy
Key Electrical Role
Electromagnetic fields, transformers
Energy storage, filters, tuning circuits
Unit of Measurement
Energy storage, circuit filters, oscillators
Compare with Definitions
Coil's ability to create magnetic fields.
The inductance in the transformer ensured efficient power transfer.
Ability to release stored energy.
Capacitance is essential for the operation of electronic devices.
Property opposing changes in current.
The inductance of the coil slowed down the current change.
Property of storing electrical energy.
The capacitance of the capacitor allowed it to store charge.
Inductance is the tendency of an electrical conductor to oppose a change in the electric current flowing through it. The flow of electric current creates a magnetic field around the conductor.
Capacitance is the ratio of the amount of electric charge stored on a conductor to a difference in electric potential. There are two closely related notions of capacitance: self capacitance and mutual capacitance.
The property of an electric circuit by which an electromotive force is induced in it as the result of a changing magnetic flux.
The ratio of charge to potential on an electrically charged, isolated conductor.
A circuit element, typically a conducting coil, in which electromotive force is generated by electromagnetic induction.
The ratio of the electric charge transferred from one to the other of a pair of conductors to the resulting potential difference between them.
(physics) The property of an electric circuit by which a voltage is induced in it by a changing magnetic field.
The power cable itself has enough inductance to disrupt the digital signal of the video output cable, due to poor shielding.
The property of a circuit element that permits it to store charge.
The quantity of the resulting electromagnetic flux divided by the current that produces it, measured in henries (SI symbol: H.)
What is the inductance of that power supply's main inductor?
The part of the circuit exhibiting capacitance.
Capacity for induction; the coefficient of self-induction.
The property of an electric circuit or its element that permits it to store charge, defined as the ratio of stored charge to potential over that element or circuit (Q/V); SI unit: farad (F).
(physics) a property of an electric circuit by which an electromotive force is induced in it by a variation of current
An element of an electrical circuit exhibiting capacitance.
An electrical device that introduces inductance into a circuit
An electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored.
A measure of the ability of a capacitor to store electrical charge; the ratio of the charge on one plate of a capacitor to the potential difference between the plates.
An electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored
An electrical device characterized by its capacity to store an electric charge
What is capacitance in electronics?
Capacitance is the ability of a component to store and release electrical energy and is commonly associated with capacitors.
What is inductance in electrical circuits?
Inductance is a property that resists changes in current and is typically found in coils or solenoids.
What unit is used to measure capacitance?
Capacitance is measured in farads (F).
How is inductance measured?
Inductance is measured in henries (H).
Where is inductance used in electronics?
It's used in transformers, inductors, and devices that require energy storage.
What are some applications of capacitance?
Capacitance is used in energy storage, circuit filters, and tuning circuits in electronic devices.
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