Proprioception vs. Kinesthesia - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Proprioception

    Proprioception ( PROH-pree-o-SEP-shən), is the sense of the relative position of one's own parts of the body and strength of effort being employed in movement. It is sometimes described as the "sixth sense".In humans, it is provided by proprioceptors in skeletal striated muscles (muscle spindles) and tendons (Golgi tendon organ) and the fibrous membrane in joint capsules. It is distinguished from exteroception, by which one perceives the outside world, and interoception, by which one perceives pain, hunger, etc., and the movement of internal organs. The brain integrates information from proprioception and from the vestibular system into its overall sense of body position, movement, and acceleration. The word kinesthesia or kinæsthesia (kinesthetic sense) strictly means movement sense, but has been used inconsistently to refer either to proprioception alone or to the brain's integration of proprioceptive and vestibular inputs. Proprioception has also been described in other animals such as vertebrates, and in some invertebrates such as arthropods. More recently proprioception has also been described in flowering land plants (angiosperms).

Wiktionary

  • Proprioception (noun)

    The sense of the position of parts of the body, relative to other neighbouring parts of the body.

  • Kinesthesia (noun)

    Sensation or perception of motion.

  • Kinesthesia (noun)

    The perception of the movement of one's own body, its limbs and muscles etc.

  • Kinesthesia (noun)

    Proprioception or static position sense; the perception of the usage notes below.

Oxford Dictionary

  • Proprioception (noun)

    perception or awareness of the position and movement of the body

    "exercises to improve balance and proprioception"

Webster Dictionary

  • Kinesthesia

    See kinaesthesia, kinaesthesis, and kinaesthetic.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Proprioception (noun)

    the ability to sense the position and location and orientation and movement of the body and its parts

  • Kinesthesia (noun)

    the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc

  • Kinesthesia (noun)

    the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body

Illustrations

Proprioception

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