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Labour vs. Conservative — What's the Difference?

By Urooj Arif & Fiza Rafique — Published on April 20, 2024
Labour focuses on social equality and public sector welfare, advocating for higher taxes on the wealthy to fund public services. Conservative emphasizes free market principles, lower taxes, and reduced government spending to encourage economic growth.
Labour vs. Conservative — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Labour and Conservative


Key Differences

Labour aims to redistribute wealth more evenly among the population through progressive taxation and increased public spending on services like healthcare and education. They believe this approach supports those who are less fortunate and ensures a fairer society. On the other hand, the Conservative party prioritizes economic freedom, arguing that lower taxes and less regulation stimulate private sector investment and job creation, which in turn benefits the whole society.
Labour often advocates for stronger regulations on businesses to protect workers' rights and the environment. They argue that without such regulations, corporations can exploit workers and harm the environment in the pursuit of profit. Conversely, Conservatives typically argue that excessive regulation stifles business innovation and economic growth, believing that a free market naturally balances these concerns through consumer choice and competition.
On social issues, Labour tends to support more progressive policies, such as greater protections for LGBTQ+ rights, racial equality, and women's rights. They view government as a tool to promote social justice and inclusivity. In contrast, while modern Conservatives may also support some of these initiatives, they often emphasize tradition and are more cautious about rapid social change, prioritizing individual responsibility and community values.
When it comes to national defense and security, Labour is generally more skeptical of military intervention abroad and prefers diplomatic solutions to international conflicts. They are also more likely to criticize arms sales to countries with poor human rights records. Meanwhile, Conservatives usually advocate for a strong national defense and are more willing to support military actions they believe are in the nation's interest, arguing that a strong military presence enhances national security and global stability.
On education, Labour champions state-funded education and often proposes measures to reduce or eliminate tuition fees for higher education, aiming to make it accessible to all, regardless of income. They argue that an educated population is the foundation of a prosperous and equitable society. The Conservative approach, however, tends to encourage competition and choice within the education system, including support for private schools and academies, believing that this raises standards through competition.

Comparison Chart

Economic Policy

Progressive taxation, higher public spending
Lower taxes, reduced public spending

Business Regulation

Stronger regulations to protect workers and environment
Less regulation to encourage business growth

Social Issues

Progressive policies on rights and equality
Emphasizes tradition and cautious on rapid changes

National Defense

Skeptical of military intervention, prefers diplomacy
Supports strong national defense and military action


Supports state-funded education and lower tuition fees
Encourages competition and choice in education

Compare with Definitions


A political party advocating for social equality and public welfare.
Labour proposed increased funding for public healthcare.


A political party emphasizing free market principles and low taxation.
The Conservative government implemented tax cuts to stimulate economic growth.


Supports progressive taxation to fund public services.
Labour plans to raise taxes on the wealthy to improve public infrastructure.


Advocates for reduced public spending and government size.
Conservatives proposed budget cuts to reduce national debt.


Champions progressive social policies.
Labour pushed for legislation to protect LGBTQ+ rights.


Favors less regulation on businesses.
The Conservative party removed several business regulations to encourage entrepreneurship.


Promotes stronger regulations on businesses.
Labour introduced legislation to ensure fair wages and safe working conditions.


Often prioritizes tradition and cautious social policy changes.
Conservatives supported traditional family values in their platform.


Prefers diplomatic solutions over military interventions.
Labour advocated for dialogue and diplomacy in international conflicts.


Supports a strong national defense and military action if necessary.
The Conservatives voted to increase military spending in response to global threats.


Variant of labor.


Favoring traditional views and values; tending to oppose change.


Effort expended on a particular task; toil, work.


Of or relating to the political philosophy of conservatism.


(uncountable) Workers in general; the working class, the workforce; sometimes specifically the labour movement, organised labour.


Conservative Of, designating, or characteristic of a political party founded on or associated with principles of social and political conservatism, especially in the United Kingdom or Canada.


To be oppressed with difficulties or disease; to do one's work under conditions which make it especially hard or wearisome; to move slowly, as against opposition, or under a burden.


Conservative A member or supporter of a Conservative political party.


A political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and the socialization of key industries


Having power to preserve in a safe of entire state, or from loss, waste, or injury; preservative.


Of or pertaining to a political party which favors the conservation of existing institutions and forms of government, as the Conservative party in England; - contradistinguished from Liberal and Radical.
We have always been conscientiously attached to what is called the Tory, and which might with more propriety be called the Conservative, party.


Conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class;
A bourgeois mentality

Common Curiosities

How does Labour view education funding?

Labour believes in state-funded education and reducing or eliminating tuition fees to make higher education accessible to everyone.

What is the Labour party's main goal?

To achieve social equality and enhance public welfare through progressive policies.

What is Labour's approach to national defense?

Labour is generally more skeptical of military intervention and prefers diplomatic solutions to conflicts.

How do Conservatives plan to stimulate the economy?

By lowering taxes and reducing government regulation to encourage private sector investment.

What economic policies do Conservatives believe in?

Conservatives believe in free-market capitalism, low taxes, and reduced public spending to foster economic growth.

How do Conservatives approach social issues?

Conservatives often emphasize tradition and are more cautious about rapid social changes, prioritizing individual responsibility.

What is the difference in defense policies between Labour and Conservative?

Labour prefers diplomacy and is cautious about military interventions, whereas Conservatives support a strong defense and may favor military action.

What is the Conservative stance on national defense?

Conservatives advocate for a strong national defense and are more willing to support military actions for national security.

What are Labour's priorities in terms of social justice and inclusivity?

Labour prioritizes progressive social policies to ensure justice and inclusivity for marginalized communities.

How do Conservative economic policies affect public services?

Conservative policies of lower taxes and reduced spending may lead to reductions in public service funding.

What social policies does Labour support?

Labour supports progressive policies aimed at protecting rights and promoting equality for all citizens.

What is the Labour party's stance on taxation?

Labour advocates for progressive taxation, where the wealthy pay a higher rate to fund public services.

How do Labour and Conservative views on business regulation differ?

Labour supports stronger regulations to protect workers and the environment, while Conservatives favor less regulation to boost business growth.

How do Conservative policies impact education?

Conservatives encourage competition and choice within the education system, including support for private schools.

How do both parties view the role of government in society?

Labour views government as a tool to promote social welfare and equality, while Conservatives believe in a smaller government role, emphasizing personal responsibility and free-market solutions.

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Author Spotlight

Written by
Urooj Arif
Urooj is a skilled content writer at Ask Difference, known for her exceptional ability to simplify complex topics into engaging and informative content. With a passion for research and a flair for clear, concise writing, she consistently delivers articles that resonate with our diverse audience.
Co-written by
Fiza Rafique
Fiza Rafique is a skilled content writer at, where she meticulously refines and enhances written pieces. Drawing from her vast editorial expertise, Fiza ensures clarity, accuracy, and precision in every article. Passionate about language, she continually seeks to elevate the quality of content for readers worldwide.

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