Ask Difference

Political Science vs. Polity — What's the Difference?

By Tayyaba Rehman — Published on January 28, 2024
Political Science is the academic study of politics and government, while Polity refers to a particular form or system of government or the general condition of political life.
Political Science vs. Polity — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Political Science and Polity


Key Differences

Political Science is an academic discipline that analyzes systems of governance, political activities, and political behavior. Polity, in contrast, refers to the form or process of civil government or constitution of a particular society.
In Political Science, researchers study the structure, functions, and theories of government and political systems. Polity, however, is a term used to describe a specific governmental entity or a society's political structure.
Political Science encompasses various subfields like international relations, political theory, and comparative politics. Polity is more focused on the practical aspects of governance and the nature of specific political entities.
While Political Science uses empirical and theoretical methods to understand political phenomena, Polity refers to the actual form or state of a government in practice, such as a democracy, autocracy, or oligarchy.
Political Science students and scholars engage in the analytical study of political concepts and processes, whereas the term Polity is often used in discussions about the characteristics and functioning of a particular government system.

Comparison Chart


Academic study of politics and government
A form or system of government


Theories, structures, and functions of politics
Specific governmental entity or political structure


Broad, encompassing various subfields
Specific to the nature and state of a particular government


Empirical and theoretical research
Practical and applied focus on governance


Academic and scholarly analysis
Describing and analyzing a specific political system

Compare with Definitions

Political Science

A field that examines the theory and practice of politics and governance.
In Political Science, we study different forms of government.


The constitution and organization of a political entity.
The new constitution significantly changed the country's polity.

Political Science

The study of political systems and their impact on societies.
Political Science courses often cover topics like democracy and authoritarianism.


A society organized through the exercise of political authority.
Scholars often study the Roman Empire to understand its complex polity.

Political Science

An academic discipline analyzing political activity and behavior.
Political Science helps in understanding the dynamics of international relations.


A particular form or system of government.
The polity of ancient Greece was based on city-states like Athens and Sparta.

Political Science

An exploration of the principles underlying political institutions and practices.
His research in Political Science focuses on voter behavior in elections.


The condition or characteristics of a political entity.
The polity of the nation evolved from a monarchy to a democratic republic.

Political Science

The study of governments, public policies, and political processes.
She majored in Political Science to better understand electoral systems.


A specific political system or form of government.
The polity of the medieval period was dominated by feudal systems.


The form of government of a nation, state, church, or organization.


An organized society, such as a nation, having a specific form of government
"His alien philosophy found no roots in the American polity" (New York Times).


(politics) An organizational structure of the government of a state, church, etc.


(political science) A politically organized unit; a state.
Different nations have different forms of polities, from provinces and states to territories and municipalities.


The form or constitution of the civil government of a nation or state; the framework or organization by which the various departments of government are combined into a systematic whole.


Hence: The form or constitution by which any institution is organized; the recognized principles which lie at the foundation of any human institution.
Nor is possible that any form of polity, much less polity ecclesiastical, should be good, unless God himself be author of it.


Policy; art; management.


The form of government of a social organization


A politically organized unit


Shrewd or crafty management of public affairs;
We was innocent of stratagems and polity

Common Curiosities

What does Political Science study?

It studies political systems, behaviors, and governmental structures.

Can Political Science be applied in real-world politics?

Yes, its concepts and theories are often applied in analyzing and shaping political strategies.

How is Polity different from Political Science?

Polity is a specific governmental system, whereas Political Science is the study of these and other political systems.

What does Polity refer to?

It refers to a specific form or system of government.

Can Polity change over time?

Yes, the polity of a country can evolve with changes in its political system and governance.

What skills does studying Political Science develop?

Critical thinking, analytical skills, and an understanding of political processes.

What careers can a Political Science degree lead to?

Careers in government, law, journalism, education, and policy analysis.

Are there different branches within Political Science?

Yes, including international relations, political theory, and comparative politics.

Is Political Science theoretical or practical?

It encompasses both theoretical study and practical application.

How does one study a country's Polity?

By examining its constitution, governmental structure, and political processes.

Is Polity always related to government?

Yes, it specifically refers to forms or systems of governance.

Share Your Discovery

Share via Social Media
Embed This Content
Embed Code
Share Directly via Messenger

Author Spotlight

Written by
Tayyaba Rehman
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

New Comparisons

Trending Terms