Irony vs. Coincidence - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Irony

    Irony (from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία eirōneía, meaning 'dissimulation, feigned ignorance'), in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case. Irony can be categorized into different types, including: verbal irony, dramatic irony, and situational irony. Verbal, dramatic, and situational irony are often used for emphasis in the assertion of a truth. The ironic form of simile, used in sarcasm, and some forms of litotes can emphasize one's meaning by the deliberate use of language which states the opposite of the truth, denies the contrary of the truth, or drastically and obviously understates a factual connection. Other forms, as identified by historian Connop Thirlwall, include dialectic and practical irony.

  • Coincidence

    A coincidence is a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances that have no apparent causal connection with one another. The perception of remarkable coincidences may lead to supernatural, occult, or paranormal claims. Or it may lead to belief in fatalism, which is a doctrine that events will happen in the exact manner of a predetermined plan. From a statistical perspective, coincidences are inevitable and often less remarkable than they may appear intuitively. An example is the birthday problem, which shows that the probability of two persons having the same birthday already exceeds 50% in a group of only 23 persons.

Wiktionary

  • Irony (noun)

    A humorous context.

  • Irony (noun)

    Dramatic irony: a theatrical effect in which the meaning of a situation, or some incongruity in the plot, is understood by the audience, but not by the characters in the play.

  • Irony (noun)

    Ignorance feigned for the purpose of provoking an antagonist; Socratic irony.

  • Irony (noun)

    The state of two usually unrelated entities, parties, actions, etc. being related through a common connection in an uncommon way.

  • Irony (noun)

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  • Irony (adjective)

    Of or pertaining to the metal iron.

    "The food had an irony taste to it."

  • Coincidence (noun)

    Of objects, the property of being coincident; occurring at the same time or place.

  • Coincidence (noun)

    Of events, the appearance of a meaningful connection when there is none.

  • Coincidence (noun)

    A coincidence point.

  • Coincidence (noun)

    A fixed point of a correspondence; a point of a variety corresponding to itself under a correspondence.

Oxford Dictionary

  • Coincidence (noun)

    a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances without apparent causal connection

    "they met by coincidence"

    "it was a coincidence that she was wearing a jersey like Laura's"

  • Coincidence (noun)

    the fact of corresponding in nature or in time of occurrence

    "the coincidence of interest between the mining companies and certain politicians"

  • Coincidence (noun)

    the presence of ionizing particles or other objects in two or more detectors simultaneously, or of two or more signals simultaneously in a circuit.

Webster Dictionary

  • Irony (adjective)

    Made or consisting of iron; partaking of iron; iron; as, irony chains; irony particles; - In this sense iron is the more common term.

  • Irony (adjective)

    Resembling iron in taste, hardness, or other physical property.

  • Irony (noun)

    Dissimulation; ignorance feigned for the purpose of confounding or provoking an antagonist.

  • Irony (noun)

    A sort of humor, ridicule, or light sarcasm, which adopts a mode of speech the meaning of which is contrary to the literal sense of the words.

  • Coincidence (noun)

    The condition of occupying the same place in space; as, the coincidence of circles, surfaces, etc.

  • Coincidence (noun)

    The condition or fact of happening at the same time; as, the coincidence of the deaths of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson.

  • Coincidence (noun)

    Exact correspondence in nature, character, result, circumstances, etc.; concurrence; agreement.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Irony (noun)

    witty language used to convey insults or scorn;

    "he used sarcasm to upset his opponent"

    "irony is wasted on the stupid"

    "Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own"

  • Irony (noun)

    incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs;

    "the irony of Ireland's copying the nation she most hated"

  • Irony (noun)

    a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs

  • Coincidence (noun)

    an event that might have been arranged although it was really accidental

  • Coincidence (noun)

    the quality of occupying the same position or area in space;

    "he waited for the coincidence of the target and the cross hairs"

  • Coincidence (noun)

    the temporal property of two things happening at the same time;

    "the interval determining the coincidence gate is adjustable"

Illustrations

Irony

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