VS.

Extract vs. Abstract

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Wikipedia
  • Extract (noun)

    Something that is extracted or drawn out.

  • Extract (noun)

    A portion of a book or document, incorporated distinctly in another work; a citation; a quotation.

    "I used an extract of Hemingway's book to demonstrate culture shock."

  • Extract (noun)

    A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue

    "extract of beef"

    "extract of dandelion"

  • Extract (noun)

    Any substance extracted is such a way, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained

    "quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark."

  • Extract (noun)

    A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant (distinguished from an abstract).

  • Extract (noun)

    A peculiar principle (fundamental essence) once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts.

  • Extract (noun)

    Ancestry; descent.

  • Extract (noun)

    A draft or copy of writing; a certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgment therein, with an order for execution.

  • Extract (verb)

    To draw out; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.

    "to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, or a splinter from the finger"

  • Extract (verb)

    To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process. Compare abstract (transitive verb).

    "to extract an essential oil from a plant"

  • Extract (verb)

    To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.

  • Extract (verb)

    To select parts of a whole

    "We need to try to extract the positives from the defeat."

  • Extract (verb)

    To determine (a root of a number).

    "Please extract the cube root of 27."

  • Abstract (noun)

    An abridgement or summary of a longer publication. First attested around 1350 to 1470.page=10

  • Abstract (noun)

    Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of a larger item, or multiple items. First attested in the mid 16th century.

  • Abstract (noun)

    Concentrated essence of a product.

  • Abstract (noun)

    An abstract term; that which is abstract. First attested in the mid 16th century.

  • Abstract (noun)

    The theoretical way of looking at things; something that exists only in idealized form. First attested in the early 17th century.

  • Abstract (noun)

    An abstract work of art. First attested in the early 20th century.

  • Abstract (noun)

    A summary title of the key points detailing a tract of land, for ownership; abstract of title.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Derived; extracted. Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the late 15th century.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Drawn away; removed from; apart from; separate. First attested around 1350 to 1470.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Expressing a property or attribute separately of an object that is considered to be inherent to that object. First attested around 1350 to 1470.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Considered apart from any application to a particular object; not concrete; ideal; non-specific; general, as opposed to specific. First attested around 1350 to 1470.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Difficult to understand; abstruse; hard to conceptualize. First attested around 1350 to 1470.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Absent-minded. First attested in the early 16th century.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Pertaining to the formal aspect of art, such as the lines, colors, shapes, and the relationships among them. First attested in the mid 19th century.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Free from representational qualities, in particular the non-representational styles of the 20th century. First attested in the mid 19th century.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Absolute.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Insufficiently factual.page=8

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Apart from practice or reality; vague; theoretical; impersonal; not applied.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    As a noun, denoting an intangible as opposed to an object, place, or person.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Of a class in object-oriented programming, being a partial basis for subclasses rather than a complete template for objects.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To separate; to disengage. First attested around 1350 to 1470.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To remove; to take away; withdraw. First attested in the late 15th century.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To steal; to take away; to remove without permission. First attested in the late 15th century.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize. First attested in the late 16th century.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To extract by means of distillation. Attested from the early 17th century until the early 18th century.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself; to consider theoretically; to look at as a general quality. First attested in the early 17th century.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To withdraw oneself; to retire. First attested in the mid 17th century.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To draw off (interest or attention).

    "He was wholly abstracted by other objects."

  • Abstract (verb)

    To perform the process of abstraction.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To create abstractions.

  • Abstract (verb)

    To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out".

    "He abstracted out the square root function."

Wiktionary
Oxford Dictionary
  • Extract

    To draw out or forth; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.; as, to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, a splinter from the finger.

  • Extract

    To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process; as, to extract an essence. Cf. Abstract, v. t., 6.

  • Extract

    To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.

  • Extract (noun)

    That which is extracted or drawn out.

  • Extract (noun)

    A portion of a book or document, separately transcribed; a citation; a quotation.

  • Extract (noun)

    A decoction, solution, or infusion made by dissolving out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef; extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as, quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.

  • Extract (noun)

    A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant; - distinguished from an abstract. See Abstract, n., 4.

  • Extract (noun)

    A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; - called also the extractive principle.

  • Extract (noun)

    Extraction; descent.

  • Extract (noun)

    A draught or copy of writing; certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgement therein, with an order for execution.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Withdraw; separate.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; - opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word.

  • Abstract (adjective)

    Abstracted; absent in mind.

  • Abstract

    To withdraw; to separate; to take away.

  • Abstract

    To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects.

  • Abstract

    To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or attribute.

  • Abstract

    To epitomize; to abridge.

  • Abstract

    To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till.

  • Abstract

    To separate, as the more volatile or soluble parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used.

  • Abstract

    To perform the process of abstraction.

  • Abstract (noun)

    That which comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a brief.

  • Abstract (noun)

    A state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated things.

  • Abstract (noun)

    An abstract term.

  • Abstract (noun)

    A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.

Webster Dictionary
  • Extract (noun)

    a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)

  • Extract (noun)

    a passage selected from a larger work;

    "he presented excerpts from William James' philosophical writings"

  • Extract (verb)

    draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense;

    "pull weeds"

    "extract a bad tooth"

    "take out a splinter"

    "extract information from the telegram"

  • Extract (verb)

    get despite difficulties or obstacles;

    "I extracted a promise from the Dean for two ne positions"

  • Extract (verb)

    deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning);

    "We drew out some interesting linguistic data from the native informant"

  • Extract (verb)

    extract by the process of distillation;

    "distill the essence of this compound"

  • Extract (verb)

    separate (a metal) from an ore

  • Extract (verb)

    obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action;

    "Italians express coffee rather than filter it"

  • Extract (verb)

    take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy

  • Extract (verb)

    calculate the root of a number

  • Abstract (noun)

    a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance;

    "he loved her only in the abstract--not in person"

  • Abstract (noun)

    a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory

  • Abstract (verb)

    consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically

  • Abstract (verb)

    make off with belongings of others

  • Abstract (verb)

    consider apart from a particular case or instance;

    "Let's abstract away from this particular example"

  • Abstract (verb)

    give an abstract (of)

  • Abstract (adjective)

    existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment;

    "abstract words like `truth' and `justice'"

  • Abstract (adjective)

    not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature;

    "a large abstract painting"

  • Abstract (adjective)

    based on specialized theory;

    "a theoretical analysis"

  • Abstract (adjective)

    dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention;

    "abstract reasoning"

    "abstract science"

Princeton's WordNet

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