VS.

Excuse vs. Reason

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Excuseverb

(transitive) To forgive; to pardon.

‘I excused him his transgressions.’;

Reasonnoun

A cause:

Excuseverb

(transitive) To allow to leave, or release from any obligation.

‘May I be excused from the table?’; ‘I excused myself from the proceedings to think over what I'd heard.’;

Reasonnoun

That which causes something: an efficient cause, a proximate cause.

‘The reason this tree fell is that it had rotted.’;

Excuseverb

(transitive) To provide an excuse for; to explain, with the aim of alleviating guilt or negative judgement.

‘You know he shouldn't have done it, so don't try to excuse his behavior!’;

Reasonnoun

A motive for an action or a determination.

‘The reason I robbed the bank was that I needed the money.’; ‘If you don't give me a reason to go with you, I won't.’;

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Excuseverb

To relieve of an imputation by apology or defense; to make apology for as not seriously evil; to ask pardon or indulgence for.

Reasonnoun

An excuse: a thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation.

Excusenoun

Explanation designed to avoid or alleviate guilt or negative judgment; a plea offered in extenuation of a fault.

‘Tell me why you were late – and I don't want to hear any excuses!’;

Reasonnoun

(uncountable) Rational thinking (or the capacity for it); the cognitive faculties, collectively, of conception, judgment, deduction and intuition.

‘Mankind should develop reason above all other virtues.’;

Excusenoun

(legal) A defense to a criminal or civil charge wherein the accused party admits to doing acts for which legal consequences would normally be appropriate, but asserts that special circumstances relieve that party of culpability for having done those acts.

Reasonnoun

(obsolete) Something reasonable, in accordance with thought; justice.

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Excusenoun

, poor or lame}} An example of something that is substandard or of inferior quality.

‘That thing is a poor excuse for a gingerbread man. Hasn't anyone taught you how to bake?’; ‘He's a sorry excuse of a doctor.’;

Reasonnoun

Ratio; proportion.

Excuseverb

To free from accusation, or the imputation of fault or blame; to clear from guilt; to release from a charge; to justify by extenuating a fault; to exculpate; to absolve; to acquit.

‘A man's persuasion that a thing is duty, will not excuse him from guilt in practicing it, if really and indeed it be against Gog's law.’;

Reasonverb

(intransitive) To deduce or come to a conclusion by being rational

Excuseverb

To pardon, as a fault; to forgive entirely, or to admit to be little censurable, and to overlook; as, we excuse irregular conduct, when extraordinary circumstances appear to justify it.

‘I must excuse what can not be amended.’;

Reasonverb

(intransitive) To perform a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to argue.

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Excuseverb

To regard with indulgence; to view leniently or to overlook; to pardon.

‘And in our own (excuse some courtly stains.)No whiter page than Addison remains.’;

Reasonverb

(intransitive) To converse; to compare opinions.

Excuseverb

To free from an impending obligation or duty; hence, to disengage; to dispense with; to release by favor; also, to remit by favor; not to exact; as, to excuse a forfeiture.

‘I pray thee have me excused.’;

Reasonverb

(transitive) To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss.

‘I reasoned the matter with my friend.’;

Excuseverb

To relieve of an imputation by apology or defense; to make apology for as not seriously evil; to ask pardon or indulgence for.

‘Think ye that we excuse ourselves to you?’;

Reasonverb

To support with reasons, as a request.

Excusenoun

The act of excusing, apologizing, exculpating, pardoning, releasing, and the like; acquittal; release; absolution; justification; extenuation.

‘Pleading so wisely in excuse of it.’;

Reasonverb

(transitive) To persuade by reasoning or argument.

‘to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan’;

Excusenoun

That which is offered as a reason for being excused; a plea offered in extenuation of a fault or irregular deportment; apology; as, an excuse for neglect of duty; excuses for delay of payment.

‘Hence with denial vain and coy excuse.’;

Reasonverb

To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons.

‘to reason down a passion’;

Excusenoun

That which excuses; that which extenuates or justifies a fault.

‘If eyes were made for seeing.Then beauty is its own excuse for being.’;

Reasonverb

To find by logical process; to explain or justify by reason or argument.

‘to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon'''’;

Excusenoun

a defense of some offensive behavior or some failure to keep a promise etc.;

‘he kept finding excuses to stay’; ‘every day he had a new alibi for not getting a job’; ‘his transparent self-justification was unacceptable’;

Reasonnoun

A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.

‘I'll give him reasons for it.’; ‘The reason of the motion of the balance in a wheel watch is by the motion of the next wheel.’; ‘This reason did the ancient fathers render, why the church was called "catholic."’; ‘Virtue and vice are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural and eternal reason for that goodness and virtue, and against vice and wickedness.’;

Excusenoun

a note explaining an absence;

‘he had to get his mother to write an excuse for him’;

Reasonnoun

The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty.

‘We have no other faculties of perceiving or knowing anything divine or human, but by our five senses and our reason.’; ‘In common and popular discourse, reason denotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends.’; ‘Reason is used sometimes to express the whole of those powers which elevate man above the brutes, and constitute his rational nature, more especially, perhaps, his intellectual powers; sometimes to express the power of deduction or argumentation.’; ‘By the pure reason I mean the power by which we become possessed of principles.’; ‘The sense perceives; the understanding, in its own peculiar operation, conceives; the reason, or rationalized understanding, comprehends.’;

Excusenoun

a poor example;

‘it was an apology for a meal’; ‘a poor excuse for an automobile’;

Reasonnoun

Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.

‘I was promised, on a time,To have reason for my rhyme.’; ‘But law in a free nation hath been ever public reason; the enacted reason of a parliament, which he denying to enact, denies to govern us by that which ought to be our law; interposing his own private reason, which to us is no law.’; ‘The most probable way of bringing France to reason would be by the making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies.’;

Excuseverb

accept an excuse for;

‘Please excuse my dirty hands’;

Reasonnoun

Ratio; proportion.

‘When anything is proved by as good arguments as a thing of that kind is capable of, we ought not, in reason, to doubt of its existence.’; ‘Yet it were great reason, that those that have children should have greatest care of future times.’;

Excuseverb

grant exemption or release to;

‘Please excuse me from this class’;

Reasonverb

To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.

Excuseverb

serve as a reason or cause or justification of;

‘Your need to sleep late does not excuse your late arrival at work’; ‘Her recent divorce amy explain her reluctance to date again’;

Reasonverb

Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.

‘Stand still, that I may reason with you, before the Lord, of all the righteous acts of the Lord.’;

Excuseverb

defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning;

‘rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior’; ‘he rationalized his lack of success’;

Reasonverb

To converse; to compare opinions.

Excuseverb

ask for permission to be released from an engagement

Reasonverb

To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss; as, I reasoned the matter with my friend.

‘When they are clearly discovered, well digested, and well reasoned in every part, there is beauty in such a theory.’;

Excuseverb

excuse, overlook, or make allowances for; be lenient with;

‘excuse someone's behavior’; ‘She condoned her husband's occasional infidelities’;

Reasonverb

To support with reasons, as a request.

Excuse

In jurisprudence, an excuse is a defense to criminal charges that is distinct from an exculpation. Justification and excuse are different defenses in a criminal case (See Justification and excuse).

Reasonverb

To persuade by reasoning or argument; as, to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan.

‘Men that will not be reasoned into their senses.’;

Reasonverb

To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons; - with down; as, to reason down a passion.

Reasonverb

To find by logical processes; to explain or justify by reason or argument; - usually with out; as, to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon.

Reasonnoun

a rational motive for a belief or action;

‘the reason that war was declared’; ‘the grounds for their declaration’;

Reasonnoun

an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon;

‘the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly’;

Reasonnoun

the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination;

‘we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil’;

Reasonnoun

the state of having good sense and sound judgment;

‘his rationality may have been impaired’; ‘he had to rely less on reason than on rousing their emotions’;

Reasonnoun

a justification for something existing or happening;

‘he had no cause to complain’; ‘they had good reason to rejoice’;

Reasonnoun

a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion;

‘there is reason to believe he is lying’;

Reasonverb

decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion;

‘We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house’;

Reasonverb

present reasons and arguments

Reasonverb

think logically;

‘The children must learn to reason’;

Reason

Reason is the capacity of consciously applying logic to seek truth and draw conclusions from new or existing information. It is closely associated with such characteristically human activities as philosophy, science, language, mathematics, and art, and is normally considered to be a distinguishing ability possessed by humans.

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