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Catholic vs. Jehovah's Witness — What's the Difference?

Edited by Tayyaba Rehman — By Fiza Rafique — Published on December 4, 2023
Catholics follow the Pope and believe in the Holy Trinity; Jehovah's Witnesses reject the Trinity and have distinct beliefs about end times.
Catholic vs. Jehovah's Witness — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Catholic and Jehovah's Witness

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Key Differences

The Catholic Church is one of the oldest Christian denominations, tracing its roots to Jesus Christ and the apostles, especially Peter. Jehovah's Witnesses, on the other hand, originated in the late 19th century in the United States from the Bible Student movement.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023
Catholics believe in the doctrine of the Holy Trinity, which is the belief in one God in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Jehovah's Witnesses believe there is one God, Jehovah, and that Jesus is His first creation and the Holy Spirit is God's active force.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023
For Catholics, the Pope, as the Bishop of Rome, is the highest earthly authority and the successor of Saint Peter. Jehovah's Witnesses do not have a central figure like the Pope. Instead, they have the Watch Tower Society, which provides guidance on doctrine.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023
Catholics have seven sacraments including Baptism, Eucharist, and Confirmation. Jehovah's Witnesses primarily have two ceremonies: baptism by immersion and the Memorial of Christ's death.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023
While Catholics believe in the immortal soul, purgatory, and veneration of saints and Mary, Jehovah's Witnesses reject these teachings. They also have distinctive beliefs about the end times, including the belief in a paradise Earth for faithful Witnesses.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Origin

Traces back to Jesus Christ and the apostles.
Originated in the 19th century from the Bible Student movement.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

View on God

Believe in the Holy Trinity.
Believe in one God, Jehovah.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Central Authority

The Pope.
Watch Tower Society.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Main Ceremonies/Sacraments

Seven sacraments, including Eucharist.
Baptism and Memorial of Christ's death.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Beliefs about Afterlife

Believe in immortal soul, purgatory, heaven, and hell.
Reject immortal soul; believe in paradise Earth for the faithful.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Compare with Definitions

Catholic

Universal; encompassing a broad range.
He had catholic tastes in music, enjoying genres from classical to rock.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Jehovah's Witness

A believer in the use of the name Jehovah for God.
A distinguishing feature of the Jehovah's Witness Bible is the use of Jehovah in place of LORD.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Catholic

Of or relating to the Roman Catholic Church.
Catholic doctrine includes belief in the Immaculate Conception.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Jehovah's Witness

A Christian who rejects the doctrine of the Holy Trinity and believes in Jehovah as the one true God.
The Jehovah's Witness congregation meets regularly for Bible study.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Catholic

Comprehensive or wide-ranging in tastes or interests.
Her catholic reading habits included everything from fiction to scientific journals.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Jehovah's Witness

One who believes in the teachings of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.
As a Jehovah's Witness, he did not celebrate birthdays or Christmas.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Catholic

Pertaining to the universal Christian church led by the Pope.
She attended a Catholic school in her hometown.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Jehovah's Witness

A person who believes in a future paradise on Earth for faithful adherents.
The Jehovah's Witness shared her hope for a world without suffering or pain.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Catholic

Of broad or liberal scope; comprehensive
"The 100-odd pages of formulas and constants are surely the most catholic to be found" (Scientific American).
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Jehovah's Witness

A member of a Christian denomination known for its door-to-door evangelism and belief in the imminent end of the world.
A Jehovah's Witness knocked on my door to discuss the Bible.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Catholic

Including or concerning all humankind; universal
"what was of catholic rather than national interest" (J.A. Froude).
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Of or involving the Roman Catholic Church.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Of or relating to the universal Christian church.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Of or relating to the ancient undivided Christian church.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Of or relating to those churches that have claimed to be representatives of the ancient undivided church.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

A member of a Catholic church, especially a Roman Catholic.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Universal; all-encompassing.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Alternative case form of Catholic.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

(obsolete) Common or prevalent; especially universally prevalent.
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Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Embracing all.
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Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Universally applicable.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Of universal human interest or use.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

(slang) Permissive of unprotected sex.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Universal or general; as, the catholic faith.
Men of other countries [came] to bear their part in so great and catholic a war.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Not narrow-minded, partial, or bigoted; liberal; as, catholic tastes.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Of or pertaining to, or affecting the Roman Catholics; as, the Catholic emancipation act.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

A person who accepts the creeds which are received in common by all parts of the orthodox Christian church.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

An adherent of the Roman Catholic church; a Roman Catholic.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

A member of a Catholic church
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Of or relating to or supporting Catholicism;
The Catholic Church
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Free from provincial prejudices or attachments;
Catholic in one's tastes
Fiza Rafique
Oct 19, 2023

Catholic

Relating to the ancient undivided Christian church.
The Nicene Creed is a declaration of faith used in the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 20, 2023

Common Curiosities

How do Catholics view the Pope?

As the highest earthly authority and the successor of Saint Peter.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

What is the origin of the Catholic Church?

It traces back to Jesus Christ and the apostles, especially Peter.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Are Catholics Trinitarian?

Yes, Catholics believe in the Holy Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Do Jehovah's Witnesses celebrate holidays like Christmas?

No, they do not celebrate Christmas, birthdays, or other traditional Christian holidays.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

What are the main beliefs of Jehovah's Witnesses?

They believe in one God, Jehovah, and view Jesus as His first creation.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

What are the sacraments in the Catholic Church?

There are seven, including Baptism, Eucharist, and Confirmation.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

How do Jehovah's Witnesses typically worship?

They meet for Bible study and also partake in door-to-door evangelism.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

What is the Catholic Bible?

It's the scripture used by the Catholic Church, which includes the Deuterocanonical books.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

How do Jehovah's Witnesses view Jesus Christ?

As the first creation of Jehovah and not part of a Trinity.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Do Catholics believe in purgatory?

Yes, they believe in purgatory as a place of purification for souls.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

How is salvation viewed in the Catholic doctrine?

It's a combination of faith, works, and the sacraments.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Which Bible version do Jehovah's Witnesses use?

They use the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Do Jehovah's Witnesses accept blood transfusions?

No, based on their interpretation of the Bible, they refuse blood transfusions.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the afterlife?

They believe in a resurrection and a future paradise Earth for the faithful.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

Are Catholics and Jehovah's Witnesses considered Christian denominations?

Yes, both are Christian, but they have significant doctrinal differences.
Fiza Rafique
Dec 04, 2023

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Author Spotlight

Written by
Fiza Rafique
Fiza Rafique is a skilled content writer at AskDifference.com, where she meticulously refines and enhances written pieces. Drawing from her vast editorial expertise, Fiza ensures clarity, accuracy, and precision in every article. Passionate about language, she continually seeks to elevate the quality of content for readers worldwide.
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to askdifference.com. As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.

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