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Abound vs. Abase — What's the Difference?

By Tayyaba Rehman & Fiza Rafique — Updated on April 25, 2024
"Abound" refers to existing in large numbers or quantities, while "abase" means to lower in rank, reputation, or esteem.
Abound vs. Abase — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Abound and Abase


Key Differences

"Abound" is used to indicate a plentiful supply of something, suggesting abundance and often associated with positive contexts, such as resources or opportunities abounding. In contrast, "abase" involves reducing someone's status or dignity, typically in a negative or humiliating manner.
Opportunities may abound in a thriving economy, suggesting widespread availability and accessibility. On the other hand, an individual might abase themselves by acting in ways that undermine their respectability or standing, such as public misbehavior.
Wildlife may abound in a healthy ecosystem, reflecting biodiversity and ecological balance. Meanwhile, a leader might abase opponents through slander or disparagement to weaken their influence or authority.
In literature, metaphors often abound, enriching texts with vivid imagery and depth. Conversely, a character might abase another to demonstrate power dynamics or personal conflicts within the story.
Technologies abound in the modern world, signifying rapid growth and innovation across industries. Conversely, certain unethical practices in business or politics involve abasing rivals or subordinates to maintain control or dominance.

Comparison Chart

Part of Speech



To be plentiful, to exist in large numbers
To degrade, to lower in status

Usage in Sentence

Does not require an object
Requires an object


Generally positive
Generally negative

Common Contexts

Nature, opportunities, resources
Social interactions, power dynamics

Compare with Definitions


To be present in large numbers or quantities.
Fish abound in the lake.


To humble or belittle.
He abased himself in front of the crowd to apologize.


To be prevalent or widespread.
Opportunities abound in the tech industry.


To lower physically or depress.
The regime sought to abase the rebels' morale.


To be rich or well-supplied with something.
The library abounds with old manuscripts.


To reduce in rank, office, prestige, or esteem.
He was abased after the scandal.


To be filled with; teeming.
The field abounds with flowers.


To lower in character, quality, or value.
Cheating abases the integrity of the game.


To exist in abundance.
Creativity abounds in the art class.


To degrade someone socially.
They attempted to abase their competitor through false accusations.


To be great in number or amount
"In areas where scorpions abound, spider populations are generally kept in check" (Natalie Angier).


To lower in rank, prestige, or esteem.


To have something in great numbers or amounts. Often used with in or with
"Neanderthal sites ... abound with artifacts, including scrapers, choppers, hand axes, and knives" (Philip and Carol Zaleski).


(transitive) To lower, as in condition in life, office, rank, etc., so as to cause pain or hurt feelings; to degrade, to depress, to humble, to humiliate.


(intransitive) To be full to overflowing.


To lower physically; to depress; to cast or throw down; to stoop.
To abase the eye


To be wealthy.


To lower in value, in particular by altering the content of alloys in coins; to debase.


(intransitive) To be highly productive.


To lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to abase the eye.
Saying so, he abased his lance.


(intransitive) To be present or available in large numbers or quantities; to be plentiful.
Wild animals abound wherever man does not stake his claim.


To cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank, office, condition in life, or estimation of worthiness; to depress; to humble; to degrade.
Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased.


(intransitive) To revel in.


Cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of;
He humiliated his colleague by criticising him in front of the boss


(intransitive) To be copiously supplied
The wilderness abounds in traps.


To be in great plenty; to be very prevalent; to be plentiful.
The wild boar which abounds in some parts of the continent of Europe.
Where sin abounded grace did much more abound.


To be copiously supplied; - followed by in or with.
Men abounding in natural courage.
A faithful man shall abound with blessings.
It abounds with cabinets of curiosities.


Be abundant or plentiful; exist in large quantities


Be in a state of movement or action;
The room abounded with screaming children
The garden bristled with toddlers

Common Curiosities

What does it mean for opportunities to abound?

It means that there are many opportunities available, often more than usual, suggesting a favorable situation.

What is an example of abasing someone?

A classic example of abasing someone is publicly humiliating them to damage their reputation or social standing.

Can abound be used negatively?

Typically, "abound" carries a positive connotation, but it can be used negatively if it refers to undesirable things being plentiful.

What causes a person to abase another?

Causes can include desire for control, jealousy, or psychological issues like inferiority complexes.

What are the consequences of abasing others?

Social and psychological consequences include loss of respect and authority, and possibly legal repercussions.

How does nature abound in certain areas?

Nature abounds when an area is rich in flora, fauna, and other natural resources, indicating a healthy environment.

How does technology abound in modern times?

Technology abounds due to rapid advancements and widespread adoption across various sectors.

Is "abase" commonly used in everyday language?

"Abase" is less common in casual conversation and is more often found in formal or literary contexts.

What are the ethical implications of abasing someone?

Ethical implications include the breach of respect and dignity, often leading to moral and social condemnation.

Can something negative like pollution abound?

Yes, negative aspects like pollution can also abound, particularly in poorly managed or industrial areas.

Can abounding be controlled or managed?

In contexts like wildlife or resources, management strategies are often necessary to maintain balance.

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Author Spotlight

Written by
Tayyaba Rehman
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.
Co-written by
Fiza Rafique
Fiza Rafique is a skilled content writer at, where she meticulously refines and enhances written pieces. Drawing from her vast editorial expertise, Fiza ensures clarity, accuracy, and precision in every article. Passionate about language, she continually seeks to elevate the quality of content for readers worldwide.

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