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Symplesiomorphy vs. Synapomorphy — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Symplesiomorphy and Synapomorphy


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The possession by two or more organisms or taxa of a shared primitive or ancestral character not exclusive to or characteristic of them in particular; the shared character itself.
Sep 03, 2021


An evolved character or trait that is shared by two or more taxonomic groups and is considered to have originated in their common ancestor. Hair is synapomorphic for marsupials, primates, and all other taxa that are grouped together in the class Mammalia.
Sep 03, 2021


(cladistics) An ancestral trait shared by two or more taxa.
Sep 03, 2021


(cladistics) A derived trait that is shared by two or more taxa of shared ancestry.
Sep 03, 2021

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