Ask Difference

Roofs vs. Rooves — What's the Difference?

Edited by Tayyaba Rehman — By Fiza Rafique — Updated on October 25, 2023
"Roofs" is the standard plural form of "roof" in modern American English. "Rooves" is an older, now rarely used, plural form of "roof."
Roofs vs. Rooves — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Roofs and Rooves


Key Differences

"Roofs" and "Rooves" both pertain to the plural form of the noun "roof," which refers to the top covering of a building. In modern American English, "Roofs" is the accepted and widely used plural form. When you have more than one "roof," you would typically refer to them as "Roofs." For example, in contemporary writing or conversations, one might say, "All the Roofs in the neighborhood were covered in snow."
On the other hand, "Rooves" was once an accepted plural form, much like "hooves" is the plural of "hoof." However, over time and with the evolution of language, "Rooves" became less common, and "Roofs" became the dominant form. Although some older texts or dialects might still use "Rooves," it is now considered archaic.
Both "Roofs" and "Rooves" serve the same function grammatically as plural nouns. However, it's essential to understand the context in which you're using them. In most modern contexts, particularly in American English, "Roofs" would be the correct choice. On the flip side, if one is trying to emulate older styles of writing or speaking, "Rooves" might be used, albeit rarely.
Conclusively, while "Roofs" and "Rooves" might appear to be interchangeable at first glance, the nuances of modern language usage favor "Roofs." If in doubt, it's always safer to opt for "Roofs" in contemporary communication.

Comparison Chart


Modern standard plural form
Older, now archaic plural form


Predominant in American English
Rarely used


Contemporary writing and speech
Older texts or dialects

Grammatical Role

Plural noun
Plural noun


Many Roofs in the city were damaged.
(Archaic) The Rooves were thatched in straw.

Compare with Definitions


Plural form of the top covering of a building.
The Roofs of the old houses were steep and pointed.


Archaic term for the upper limit or level.
The Rooves of prices were set by the king.


The framework and outer covering of a vehicle.
The Roofs of the cars were covered in hail dents.


The highest point or level, in archaic terms.
The Rooves of those hills were impossible to climb.


The highest point or limit.
The Roofs of the mountains touched the sky.


Archaic plural form of the top covering of a building.
The Rooves were made of thatch in olden times.


A protective or sheltering structure.
The Roofs provided shade during the hot day.


Archaic plural form for the framework of a vehicle.
The Rooves of the carriages were ornately decorated.


The upper limit or level of prices or wages.
The Roofs of these products have skyrocketed.


An archaic term for a protective structure.
The Rooves gave shelter from the rain.


The exterior surface and its supporting structures on the top of a building.


Plural of roof


The upper exterior surface of a dwelling as a symbol of the home itself
Three generations living under one roof.


The top covering of something
The roof of a car.


The upper surface of an anatomical structure, especially one having a vaulted inner structure
The roof of the mouth.


The highest point or limit; the summit or ceiling
A roof on prices is needed to keep our customers happy.


To furnish with a roof or cover.


Plural of roof


(to install a roof)

Common Curiosities

Is "Rooves" still commonly used today?

No, "Rooves" is considered archaic, and "Roofs" is more common.

Why did "Rooves" fall out of favor?

Language evolves, and "Roofs" became the more accepted plural form over time.

Can I come across "Rooves" in older literature?

Yes, "Rooves" might be found in older texts or specific dialects.

Does "Rooves" sound old-fashioned?

Yes, "Rooves" is considered old-fashioned in today's English.

Are there other meanings for "Roofs" besides building tops?

Yes, "Roofs" can refer to the upper limits, vehicle coverings, or highest points.

Can I use "Rooves" in formal writing?

It's best to use "Roofs" in modern formal writing.

Is "Rooves" considered incorrect?

Not incorrect, but it's archaic and rarely used today.

Why does "hoof" become "hooves" but not "roof" to "rooves"?

Language evolution and standardization have led to such inconsistencies.

Are "Roofs" and "Rooves" grammatically correct?

Both are grammatically correct, but "Roofs" is standard in modern American English.

Is it "roof's" or "roofs'" for possession?

"Roof's" for singular possession and "roofs'" for plural possession.

Are there regions where "Rooves" might still be common?

It's rare, but some older generations or specific regions might use "Rooves."

How can I decide between "Roofs" and "Rooves"?

Stick to "Roofs" for modern communication, unless emulating older styles.

Can "Rooves" and "Roofs" be used interchangeably in poetry?

While "Roofs" is standard, poets might use "Rooves" for stylistic or rhythmic reasons.

Does British English use "Rooves"?

Both "Roofs" and "Rooves" have been used, but "Roofs" is now standard in British English too.

Are there other words like "Roof" that have changed plural forms?

Yes, English has many words that have seen shifts in plural forms over time.

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Author Spotlight

Written by
Fiza Rafique
Fiza Rafique is a skilled content writer at, where she meticulously refines and enhances written pieces. Drawing from her vast editorial expertise, Fiza ensures clarity, accuracy, and precision in every article. Passionate about language, she continually seeks to elevate the quality of content for readers worldwide.
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.

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