VS.

Refuse vs. Decline

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Refuseadjective

Discarded, rejected.

Declinenoun

Downward movement, fall.en

Refusenoun

Collectively, items or material that have been discarded; rubbish, garbage.

Declinenoun

A sloping downward, e.g. of a hill or road.en

Refusenoun

(obsolete) refusal

Declinenoun

A weakening.en

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Refuseverb

(transitive) To decline (a request or demand).

‘My request for a pay rise was refused.’;

Declinenoun

A reduction or diminution of activity.

Refuseverb

(intransitive) To decline a request or demand, forbear; to withhold permission.

‘I refuse to listen to this nonsense any more.’; ‘I asked the star if I could have her autograph, but she refused.’;

Declinenoun

The act of declining or refusing something.

Refuseverb

(military) To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the centre, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular alignment when troops are about to engage the enemy.

‘to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks’;

Declineverb

(intransitive) To move downwards, to fall, to drop.

‘The dollar has declined rapidly since 2001.’;

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Refuseverb

To disown.

Declineverb

(intransitive) To become weaker or worse.

‘My health declined in winter.’;

Refuseverb

To deny, as a request, demand, invitation, or command; to decline to do or grant.

‘That never yet refused your hest.’;

Declineverb

(transitive) To bend downward; to bring down; to depress; to cause to bend, or fall.

Refuseverb

To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the center, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular aligment when troops ar about to engage the enemy; as, to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks.

Declineverb

(transitive) To cause to decrease or diminish.

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Refuseverb

To decline to accept; to reject; to deny the request or petition of; as, to refuse a suitor.

‘The cunning workman never doth refuseThe meanest tool that he may chance to use.’;

Declineverb

To turn or bend aside; to deviate; to stray; to withdraw.

‘a line that declines from straightness’; ‘conduct that declines from sound morals’;

Refuseverb

To disown.

Declineverb

(transitive) To refuse, forbear.

‘On reflection I think I will decline your generous offer.’;

Refuseverb

To deny compliance; not to comply.

‘Too proud to ask, too humble to refuse.’; ‘If ye refuse . . . ye shall be devoured with the sword.’;

Declineverb

To inflect for case, number and sometimes gender.

Refusenoun

Refusal.

Declineverb

(by extension) To run through from first to last; to repeat like a schoolboy declining a noun.

Refusenoun

That which is refused or rejected as useless; waste or worthless matter.

Declineverb

To reject a penalty against the opposing team, usually because the result of accepting it would benefit the non-penalized team less than the preceding play.

Refuseadjective

Refused; rejected; hence; left as unworthy of acceptance; of no value; worthless.

‘Everything that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.’;

Declineverb

To bend, or lean downward; to take a downward direction; to bend over or hang down, as from weakness, weariness, despondency, etc.; to condescend.

‘He . . . would decline even to the lowest of his family.’; ‘Disdaining to decline,Slowly he falls, amidst triumphant cries.’; ‘The ground at length became broken and declined rapidly.’;

Refusenoun

food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)

Declineverb

To tend or draw towards a close, decay, or extinction; to tend to a less perfect state; to become diminished or impaired; to fail; to sink; to diminish; to lessen; as, the day declines; virtue declines; religion declines; business declines.

‘That empire must declineWhose chief support and sinews are of coin.’; ‘And presume to know . . . Who thrives, and who declines.’;

Refuseverb

show unwillingness towards;

‘he declined to join the group on a hike’;

Declineverb

To turn or bend aside; to deviate; to stray; to withdraw; as, a line that declines from straightness; conduct that declines from sound morals.

‘Yet do I not decline from thy testimonies.’;

Refuseverb

refuse to accept;

‘He refused my offer of hospitality’;

Declineverb

To turn away; to shun; to refuse; - the opposite of accept or consent; as, he declined, upon principle.

Refuseverb

elude, especially in a baffling way;

‘This behavior defies explanation’;

Declineverb

To bend downward; to bring down; to depress; to cause to bend, or fall.

‘In melancholy deep, with head declined.’; ‘And now fair Phoebus gan decline in hasteHis weary wagon to the western vale.’;

Refuseverb

refuse to let have;

‘She denies me every pleasure’; ‘he denies her her weekly allowance’;

Declineverb

To cause to decrease or diminish.

‘He knoweth his error, but will not seek to decline it.’;

Refuseverb

resist immunologically the introduction of some foreign tissue or organ;

‘His body rejected the liver of the donor’;

Declineverb

To put or turn aside; to turn off or away from; to refuse to undertake or comply with; reject; to shun; to avoid; as, to decline an offer; to decline a contest; he declined any participation with them.

‘Could IDecline this dreadful hour?’;

Refuseverb

refuse entrance or membership;

‘They turned away hundreds of fans’; ‘Black people were often rejected by country clubs’;

Declineverb

To inflect, or rehearse in order the changes of grammatical form of; as, to decline a noun or an adjective.

‘After the first declining of a noun and a verb.’;

Declineverb

To run through from first to last; to repeat like a schoolboy declining a noun.

Declinenoun

A falling off; a tendency to a worse state; diminution or decay; deterioration; also, the period when a thing is tending toward extinction or a less perfect state; as, the decline of life; the decline of strength; the decline of virtue and religion.

‘Their fathers lived in the decline of literature.’;

Declinenoun

That period of a disorder or paroxysm when the symptoms begin to abate in violence; as, the decline of a fever.

Declinenoun

A gradual sinking and wasting away of the physical faculties; any wasting disease, esp. pulmonary consumption; as, to die of a decline.

Declinenoun

change toward something smaller or lower

Declinenoun

a condition inferior to an earlier condition; a gradual falling off from a better state

Declinenoun

a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current

Declinenoun

a downward slope or bend

Declineverb

grow worse;

‘Conditions in the slum worsened’;

Declineverb

refuse to accept;

‘He refused my offer of hospitality’;

Declineverb

show unwillingness towards;

‘he declined to join the group on a hike’;

Declineverb

grow smaller;

‘Interest in the project waned’;

Declineverb

go down;

‘The roof declines here’;

Declineverb

go down in value;

‘the stock market corrected’; ‘prices slumped’;

Declineverb

inflect for number, gender, case, etc.,

‘in many languages, speakers decline nouns, pronouns, and adjectives’;

Declineverb

(typically of something regarded as good) become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease

‘the birth rate continued to decline’;

Declineverb

diminish in strength or quality; deteriorate

‘her health began to decline’;

Declineverb

politely refuse (an invitation or offer)

‘the company declined to comment’; ‘Caroline declined the coffee’;

Declineverb

(especially of the sun) move downwards

‘the sun began to creep round to the west and to decline’;

Declineverb

bend down; droop

‘the wearisome creatures of the world declining to their rest’;

Declineverb

(in the grammar of Latin, Greek, and certain other languages) state the forms of (a noun, pronoun, or adjective) corresponding to case, number, and gender.

Declinenoun

a gradual and continuous loss of strength, numbers, quality, or value

‘a serious decline in bird numbers’; ‘a civilization in decline’;

Declinenoun

the sun's gradual setting

‘this Evening from the Sun's decline arriv'd’;

Declinenoun

a disease in which the bodily strength gradually fails, especially tuberculosis

‘he died at his brother's of a deep decline’;

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