Perform vs. Preform - What's the difference?


Performance is completion of a task with application of knowledge, skills and abilities. In work place, performance or job performance means good ranking with the hypothesized conception of requirements of a task role, whereas citizenship performance means a set of individual activity/contribution (prosocial organizational behavior) that supports the organizational culture. In the performing arts, a performance generally comprises an event in which a performer or group of performers present one or more works of art to an audience. Usually the performers participate in rehearsals beforehand. A performance may also describe the way in which an actor performs. In a solo capacity, it may also refer to a mime artist, comedian, conjurer, or other entertainer.

Perform vs. Preform



1. Etymology

From Middle English performen, parfournen (to perform), from Anglo-Norman performer, parfourmer, alteration of Old French parfornir, parfurnir (to complete, accomplish, perform), from par- + fornir, furnir (to accomplish, furnish), from Frankish *frumjan (to accomplish, furnish), from Proto-Germanic *frumjaną, *framjaną (to further, promote, accomplish, furnish, carry out), from Proto-Indo-European *promo- (in front, forth), *per- (forward, out). Cognate with Old High German frummen (to do, execute, accomplish, provide), Old Saxon frummian (to perform, promote), Old English fremman (to perform, execute, carry out, accomplish), Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌿𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 (frumjan, to promote, accomplish). See also frame, from.

2. Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pə.ˈfɔːm/, enPR: pər-fôrmʹ
  • (General American) IPA(key): /pɚ.ˈfɔɹm/, enPR: pər-fôrmʹ
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)m
  • Hyphenation: per‧form

3. Verb

perform (third-person singular simple present performs, present participle performing, simple past and past participle performed)

  1. To do something; to execute.
  2. To do something in front of an audience, often in order to entertain it.
    • Shakespeare
      Perform a part thou hast not done before.

3.1. Translations

to be checked

4. Further reading

  • perform in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • perform in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • “perform” at OneLook Dictionary Search

5. Anagrams

  • preform


1. Etymology

From pre- +‎ form.

2. Noun

preform (plural preforms)

  1. An object that has undergone preliminary shaping but is not yet in its final form.
  2. (archaeology) The rough, incomplete and unused basic form of a stone tool.
  3. (linguistics) A word that is no longer in use, but has been reconstructed from current ones.

3. Verb

preform (third-person singular simple present preforms, present participle preforming, simple past and past participle preformed)

  1. To shape something before some other operation.
  2. Misspelling of perform.

4. Anagrams

  • perform
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