Ask Difference

Passover vs. Communion — What's the Difference?

By Fiza Rafique & Urooj Arif — Updated on April 25, 2024
Passover is a Jewish festival commemorating the Hebrews' liberation from Egyptian slavery, featuring a ritual meal, the Seder, while Communion, observed in Christianity, symbolizes Jesus’ Last Supper with bread and wine as his body and blood.
Passover vs. Communion — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Passover and Communion


Key Differences

Passover is celebrated by Jews to remember their ancestors' exodus from Egypt, marked by the passing over of the angel of death. Whereas Communion, or the Eucharist, is a Christian sacrament commemorating Jesus' Last Supper, reflecting on sacrifice and redemption.
During Passover, families gather for the Seder meal, which includes reading the Haggadah, eating symbolic foods, and retelling the exodus story. On the other hand, Communion involves consuming bread and wine (or grape juice in some denominations) during church services, symbolizing Jesus' body and blood, offered for the salvation of humanity.
Passover rituals include eating matzah, bitter herbs, and other items that represent the Israelites' suffering and swift departure from Egypt. Whereas in Communion, the focus is on spiritual nourishment and unity among believers, symbolized through sharing the consecrated elements.
The duration and preparation of Passover involve extensive cleaning to remove all leaven from homes, lasting seven or eight days depending on Jewish tradition. In contrast, Communion can be observed weekly, monthly, or on other designated days depending on Christian denominational practices.
Passover emphasizes freedom and deliverance from oppression, celebrating physical and spiritual liberation. Communion emphasizes introspection, forgiveness, and the new covenant between God and humanity through Christ.

Comparison Chart


Liberation from Egyptian slavery
Remembrance of Jesus' sacrifice

Key Rituals

Seder meal, eating matzah, reading Haggadah
Consuming bread and wine


Freedom, deliverance, the plagues
Jesus' body and blood, sacrifice, redemption


Annually during the Hebrew month of Nissan
Varies (weekly, monthly, etc.)


Removing leaven, preparing Seder plate
Preparation of bread and wine

Compare with Definitions


A Jewish holiday commemorating the exodus from Egypt.
During Passover, families gather to recount the story of their ancestors' liberation.


A Christian rite recognizing Jesus' Last Supper with his disciples.
Communion is a key sacrament in many Christian churches.


A ritual meal during Passover that includes reading the Haggadah.
The Seder meal is central to the Passover celebration.


Another term for Communion, especially in Catholicism.
The Eucharist is celebrated during Mass.


Unleavened bread eaten during Passover to symbolize haste in the exodus.
Matzah is consumed throughout Passover to remember the quickly departing Israelites.


The practice of dipping the bread into the wine during Communion.
Some churches practice intinction to distribute the Eucharist more efficiently.


A text recited at the Seder detailing the exodus story.
Every Passover, families read the Haggadah to pass down historical and spiritual lessons.


The doctrinal belief that bread and wine become the actual body and blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation is a fundamental belief in Roman Catholic theology.


A piece of matzah set aside during the Seder to be eaten as dessert.
Finding the Afikoman is a fun activity for children during the Passover Seder.


The table in a church where Communion is prepared and administered.
The altar holds central importance during the Communion service.


Alternative case form of Passover


The act or an instance of sharing, as of thoughts or feelings.


A feast of the Jews, instituted to commemorate the sparing of the Hebrews in Egypt, when God, smiting the firstborn of the Egyptians, passed over the houses of the Israelites which were marked with the blood of a lamb.


Religious or spiritual fellowship.


Passover, also called Pesach (; Hebrew: פֶּסַח‎ Pesaḥ), is a major Jewish holiday that occurs on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan, the first month of Aviv, or spring. The word Pesach or Passover can also refer to the Korban Pesach, the paschal lamb that was offered when the Temple in Jerusalem stood, to the Passover Seder, the ritual meal on Passover night, or to the Feast of Unleavened Bread.


A body of Christians with a common religious faith who practice the same rites; a denomination.


A holiday beginning on the 14th of Nisan and traditionally continuing for eight days, commemorating the exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt. Also called Pesach.


The sacrament of the Eucharist received by a congregation.


(Judaism) a Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt


The consecrated elements of the Eucharist.


The part of the Mass or a liturgy in which the Eucharist is received.


A joining together of minds or spirits; a mental connection.


(Christianity) Holy Communion.


(Roman Catholicism) A form of ecclesiastical unity between the Roman Church and another, so that the latter is considered part of the former.


The act of sharing; community; participation.


Intercourse between two or more persons; esp., intimate association and intercourse implying sympathy and confidence; interchange of thoughts, purposes, etc.; agreement; fellowship; as, the communion of saints.
We are naturally induced to seek communion and fellowship with others.
What communion hath light with darkness?
Bare communion with a good church can never alone make a good man.


A body of Christians having one common faith and discipline; as, the Presbyterian communion.


The sacrament of the eucharist; the celebration of the Lord's supper; the act of partaking of the sacrament; as, to go to communion; to partake of the communion; called also Holy Communion.


The act of participating in the celebration of the Eucharist;
The governor took Communion with the rest of the congregation


Sharing thoughts and feelings


(Christianity) a group of Christians with a common religious faith who practice the same rites

Common Curiosities

How often is Communion held?

Depends on the denomination; could be weekly, monthly, or during special services.

Can anyone participate in a Seder meal?

While traditionally Jewish, many Seders welcome non-Jewish guests to learn and participate.

What does eating matzah symbolize?

It symbolizes the haste in which the Israelites left Egypt, without time for bread to rise.

What is the primary purpose of Passover?

To celebrate the Jewish people's liberation from Egyptian bondage and their identity as a nation under God.

Is wine always used in Communion?

Most denominations use wine, but some use grape juice as an alternative.

Does Communion have a preparatory practice?

Many Christians practice confession and repentance before taking Communion.

How is Passover date determined?

It starts on the 15th of Nissan in the Hebrew calendar.

What's unique about Passover food?

Foods are symbolic, such as bitter herbs for the bitterness of slavery.

What happens if someone cannot consume gluten in Communion?

Gluten-free options are increasingly available.

Who can receive Communion?

Typically, baptized Christians, though specific requirements can vary by denomination.

What is a common Communion phrase?

"Do this in remembrance of me," words of Jesus from the Bible.

Are children involved in Passover celebrations?

Yes, children ask questions and search for the Afikoman, engaging them in the ritual.

Is there a specific dress code for Communion?

Dress varies by congregation but generally includes respectful attire.

What is the emotional impact of Passover?

It's a time of reflection on freedom and gratitude for divine intervention.

Why is Passover eight days in some traditions?

It extends to eight days outside of Israel in many Jewish traditions.

Share Your Discovery

Share via Social Media
Embed This Content
Embed Code
Share Directly via Messenger
Previous Comparison
Noise vs. Sound

Author Spotlight

Written by
Fiza Rafique
Fiza Rafique is a skilled content writer at, where she meticulously refines and enhances written pieces. Drawing from her vast editorial expertise, Fiza ensures clarity, accuracy, and precision in every article. Passionate about language, she continually seeks to elevate the quality of content for readers worldwide.
Co-written by
Urooj Arif
Urooj is a skilled content writer at Ask Difference, known for her exceptional ability to simplify complex topics into engaging and informative content. With a passion for research and a flair for clear, concise writing, she consistently delivers articles that resonate with our diverse audience.

Popular Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

New Comparisons

Trending Terms