VS.

Off vs. On

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Offadverb

In a direction away from the speaker or object.

‘He drove off in a cloud of smoke.’;

Onadjective

In the state of being active, functioning or operating.

Offadverb

Into a state of non-operation; into a state of non-existence.

‘Please switch off the light when you leave.’; ‘die off’;

Onadjective

Performing according to schedule.

‘Are we still on for tonight?’; ‘Is the show still on?’;

Offadverb

So as to be removed or separated.

‘He bit off more than he could chew.’; ‘Some branches were sawn off.’;

Onadjective

Acceptable, appropriate.

‘You can't do that; it's just not on.’;

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Offadjective

Inoperative, disabled.

‘All the lights are off.’;

Onadjective

(informal) Destined, normally in the context of a challenge being accepted; involved, doomed.

‘"Five bucks says the Cavs win tonight." ―"You're on!"’; ‘Mike just threw coffee onto Paul's lap. It's on now.’;

Offadjective

Rancid, rotten.

‘This milk is off!’;

Onadjective

Having reached a base as a runner and being positioned there, awaiting further action from a subsequent batter.

Offadjective

(cricket) In, or towards the half of the field away from the batsman's legs; the right side for a right-handed batsman.

Onadjective

(euphemistic) Menstruating.

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Offadjective

Less than normal, in temperament or in result.

‘sales are off this quarter’;

Onadverb

To an operating state.

‘turn the television on’;

Offadjective

Inappropriate; untoward.

‘I felt that his comments were a bit off.’;

Onadverb

Along, forwards (continuing an action).

‘drive on, rock on’;

Offadjective

Circumstanced (as in well off, better off, poorly off).

Onadverb

In continuation, at length.

‘and so on.’; ‘He rambled on and on.’;

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Offadjective

Started on the way.

‘off to see the wizard’; ‘And they're off! Whatsmyname takes an early lead, with Remember The Mane behind by a nose.’;

Onadverb

(cricket) In, or towards the half of the field on the same side as the batsman's legs; the left side for a right-handed batsman; leg. en

Offadjective

Far; off to the side.

‘the off horse or ox in a team, in distinction from the nigh or near horse’;

Onadverb

(obsolete in the US) Later.

‘Ten years on, nothing had changed in the village.’;

Offadjective

Designating a time when one is not strictly attentive to business or affairs, or is absent from a post, and, hence, a time when affairs are not urgent.

‘He took an off day for fishing.’; ‘an off year in politics;’; ‘the off season’;

Onadverb

Of betting odds, denoting a better than even chance. See also odds-on.

‘That horse is at twenty-to-one on, so you need to stake twenty pounds just to win one pound.''’;

Offadjective

(in phrases such as 'off day') Designating a time when one is not performing to the best of one's abilities.

Onpreposition

Positioned at the upper surface of, touching from above.

‘on the table;’; ‘on the couch’; ‘The parrot was sitting on Jim's shoulder.’;

Offadjective

Presently unavailable.

‘— I'll have the chicken please.’; ‘— Sorry, chicken's off today.’;

Onpreposition

At or near; adjacent to.

‘Soon we'll pass a statue on the left.’; ‘The fleet is on the American coast.’; ‘Croton-on-Hudson, Rostov-on-Don, Southend-on-Sea’;

Offadjective

Right-hand in relation to the side of a horse or a vehicle.

Onpreposition

Covering.

‘He wore old shoes on his feet.’;

Offpreposition

Used to indicate movement away from a position on

‘I took it off the table.’; ‘Come off the roof!’;

Onpreposition

At the date of.

‘Born on the 4th of July.’;

Offpreposition

(colloquial) Out of the possession of.

‘He didn't buy it off him. He stole it off him.’;

Onpreposition

Some time during the day of.

‘I'll see you on Monday.’; ‘The bus leaves on Friday.’; ‘Can I see you on a different day? On Sunday I'm busy.’;

Offpreposition

Away from or not on.

‘He's off the computer, but he's still on the phone.’; ‘Keep off the grass.’;

Onpreposition

Dealing with the subject of, about, or concerning something.

‘A book on history.’; ‘The World Summit on the Information Society.’;

Offpreposition

Disconnected or subtracted from.

‘We've been off the grid for three days now.’; ‘He took 20% off the list price.’;

Onpreposition

Touching; hanging from.

‘The fruit ripened on the trees.’; ‘The painting hangs on the wall.’;

Offpreposition

Distant from.

‘We're just off the main road.’; ‘The island is 23 miles off the cape.’;

Onpreposition

(informal) In the possession of.

‘I haven't got any money on me.’;

Offpreposition

No longer wanting or taking.

‘He's been off his feed since Tuesday.’; ‘He's off his meds again.’;

Onpreposition

Because of, or due to.

‘To arrest someone on suspicion of bribery.’; ‘To contact someone on a hunch.’;

Offpreposition

Placed after a number (of products or parts, as if a unit), in commerce or engineeringEngineering.

‘Tantalum bar 6 off 3/8" Dia × 12" — Atom, Great Britain Atomic Energy Authority, 1972’; ‘samples submitted … 12 off Thermistors type 1K3A531 … — BSI test report for shock and vibration testing, 2000’; ‘I'd like to re-order those printer cartridges, let's say 5-off.’;

Onpreposition

Upon; at the time of (and often because of).

‘On Jack's entry, William got up to leave.’; ‘On the addition of ammonia, a chemical reaction begins.’;

Offverb

To kill.

‘He got in the way so I had him offed.’;

Onpreposition

Paid for by.

‘The drinks are on me tonight, boys.’; ‘The meal is on the house.’; ‘I paid for the airfare and meals for my family, but the hotel room was on the company.’;

Offverb

To switch off.

‘Can you off the light?’;

Onpreposition

Used to indicate a means or medium.

‘I saw it on television.’; ‘Can't you see I'm on the phone?’;

Offnoun

(usually in phrases such as 'from the off', 'at the off', etc.) Beginning; starting point.

‘He has been very obviously an untrustworthy narrator right from the off.’;

Onpreposition

Indicating a means of subsistence.

‘They lived on ten dollars a week.’; ‘The dog survived three weeks on rainwater.’;

Offadverb

In a general sense, denoting from or away from; as:

Onpreposition

Away or occupied with (e.g. a scheduled activity).

‘He's on his lunch break.’; ‘on vacation;’; ‘on holiday’;

Offadverb

Denoting distance or separation; as, the house is a mile off.

Onpreposition

Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with.

‘to play on a violin or piano’; ‘Her words made a lasting impression on my mind.’;

Offadverb

Denoting the action of removing or separating; separation; as, to take off the hat or cloak; to cut off, to pare off, to clip off, to peel off, to tear off, to march off, to fly off, and the like.

Onpreposition

Regularly taking (a drug).

‘You've been on these antidepressants far too long.’; ‘He's acting so strangely, I think he must be on something.’;

Offadverb

Denoting a leaving, abandonment, departure, abatement, interruption, or remission; as, the fever goes off; the pain goes off; the game is off; all bets are off.

Onpreposition

Under the influence of (a drug).

‘He's acting crazy because he's on crack right now.’;

Offadverb

Denoting a different direction; not on or towards: away; as, to look off.

Onpreposition

(mathematics) Having identical domain and codomain.

‘a function on’;

Offadverb

Denoting opposition or negation.

‘The questions no way touch upon puritanism, either off or on.’;

Onpreposition

(mathematics) Having V^n as domain and V as codomain, for some set V and integer n.

‘an operator on’;

Offinterjection

Away; begone; - a command to depart.

Onpreposition

(mathematics) Generated by.

‘the free group on four letters’;

Offpreposition

Not on; away from; as, to be off one's legs or off the bed; two miles off the shore.

Onpreposition

Supported by (the specified part of itself).

‘A table can't stand on two legs.’; ‘After resting on his elbows, he stood on his toes, then walked on his heels.’;

Offadjective

On the farther side; most distant; on the side of an animal or a team farthest from the driver when he is on foot; in the United States, the right side; as, the off horse or ox in a team, in distinction from the nigh or near horse or ox; the off leg.

Onpreposition

At a given time after the start of something; at.

Offadjective

Designating a time when one is not strictly attentive to business or affairs, or is absent from his post, and, hence, a time when affairs are not urgent; as, he took an off day for fishing: an off year in politics.

Onpreposition

In addition to; besides; indicating multiplication or succession in a series.

‘heaps on heaps of food’; ‘mischief on mischief; loss on loss’;

Offadjective

Designating a time when one's performance is below normal; as, he had an off day.

Onpreposition

of

Offnoun

The side of the field that is on the right of the wicket keeper.

Onpreposition

Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in.

‘I depended on them for assistance.’; ‘He will promise on certain conditions.’; ‘Do you ever bet on horses?’;

Offadjective

not in operation or operational;

‘the oven is off’; ‘the lights are off’;

Onpreposition

Toward; for; indicating the object of an emotion.

‘Have pity or compassion on him.’;

Offadjective

below a satisfactory level;

‘an off year for tennis’; ‘his performance was off’;

Onpreposition

(obsolete) At the peril of, or for the safety of.

Offadjective

(of events) no longer planned or scheduled;

‘the wedding is definitely off’;

Onpreposition

In the service of; connected with; of the number of.

‘He is on a newspaper; I am on the committee.’;

Offadjective

in an unpalatable state;

‘sour milk’;

Onpreposition

By virtue of; with the pledge of.

‘He affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honour.’;

Offadjective

not performing or scheduled for duties;

‘He's off every Tuesday’; ‘he was off duty when it happened’; ‘an off-duty policeman’;

Onpreposition

To the account or detriment of; denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon.

‘On us be all the blame.’; ‘A curse on him!’; ‘Please don't tell on her and get her in trouble.’; ‘He turned on her and has been her enemy ever since.’; ‘He went all honest on me, making me listen to his confession.’;

Offadverb

from a particular thing or place or position (`forth' is obsolete);

‘ran away from the lion’; ‘wanted to get away from there’; ‘sent the children away to boarding school’; ‘the teacher waved the children away from the dead animal’; ‘went off to school’; ‘they drove off’; ‘go forth and preach’;

Onpreposition

(especially when numbers of combatants or competitors are specified) Against; in opposition to.

Offadverb

at a distance in space or time;

‘the boat was 5 miles off (or away)’; ‘the party is still 2 weeks off (or away)’; ‘away back in the 18th century’;

Onpreposition

Without.

Offadverb

no longer on or in contact or attached;

‘clean off the dirt’; ‘he shaved off his mustache’;

Onverb

to switch on

‘Can you on the light?’;

Offadverb

away from the place in question; to or at a distance

‘the man ran off’; ‘she dashed off to her room’; ‘we must be off now’;

Onnoun

In the Japanese language, a pronunciation, or reading, of a kanji character that was originally based on the character's pronunciation in Chinese, contrasted with kun.

‘Most kanji have two kinds of reading, called "on" and "kun".’;

Offadverb

away from the main route

‘turn off for Ripon’;

Onpreposition

The general signification of on is situation, motion, or condition with respect to contact or support beneath

Offadverb

so as to be removed or separated

‘a section of the runway had been cordoned off’; ‘he whipped off his coat’;

Onpreposition

At, or in contact with, the surface or upper part of a thing, and supported by it; placed or lying in contact with the surface; as, the book lies on the table, which stands on the floor of a house on an island.

‘I stood on the bridge at midnight.’;

Offadverb

absent; away from work

‘take a day off’; ‘he is off on sick leave’;

Onpreposition

To or against the surface of; - used to indicate the motion of a thing as coming or falling to the surface of another; as, rain falls on the earth.

‘Whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken.’;

Offadverb

starting a journey or race; leaving

‘they're off!’; ‘the gunmen made off on foot’; ‘we're off on holiday tomorrow’;

Onpreposition

Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with; as, to play on a violin or piano. Hence, figuratively, to work on one's feelings; to make an impression on the mind.

Offadverb

so as to bring to an end or be discontinued

‘she broke off her reading to look at her husband’; ‘the Christmas party rounded off a hugely successful year’;

Onpreposition

At or near; adjacent to; - indicating situation, place, or position; as, on the one hand, on the other hand; the fleet is on the American coast.

Offadverb

cancelled

‘tell them the wedding's off’;

Onpreposition

In addition to; besides; - indicating multiplication or succession in a series; as, heaps on heaps; mischief on mischief; loss on loss; thought on thought.

Offadverb

(of an item on a menu) temporarily unavailable

‘strawberries are off’;

Onpreposition

Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in; as, to depend on a person for assistance; to rely on; hence, indicating the ground or support of anything; as, he will promise on certain conditions; to bet on a horse; based on certain assumptions.

Offadverb

(of an electrical appliance or power supply) not functioning or so as to cease to function

‘the electricity was off for four days’; ‘switch the TV off’;

Onpreposition

At or in the time of; during; as, on Sunday we abstain from labor. See At (synonym).

Offadverb

having access to or possession of material goods or wealth to the extent specified

‘how are you off for money?’; ‘we'd been rather badly off for books’;

Onpreposition

At the time of; - often conveying some notion of cause or motive; as, on public occasions, the officers appear in full dress or uniform; the shop is closed on Sundays.

Offadverb

(with preceding numeral) denoting a quantity produced at one time.

Onpreposition

Toward; for; - indicating the object of some passion; as, have pity or compassion on him.

Offpreposition

moving away and often down from

‘the coat slipped off his arms’; ‘he rolled off the bed’; ‘trying to get us off the stage’;

Onpreposition

At the peril of, or for the safety of.

Offpreposition

situated or leading in a direction away from (a main route or intersection)

‘in a little street off Whitehall’; ‘single wires leading off the main lines’;

Onpreposition

By virtue of; with the pledge of; - denoting a pledge or engagement, and put before the thing pledged; as, he affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honor.

Offpreposition

out at sea from (a place on the coast)

‘six miles off Dunkirk’; ‘anchoring off Blue Bay’;

Onpreposition

To the account of; - denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon; as, on us be all the blame; a curse on him.

‘His blood be on us and on our children.’;

Offpreposition

so as to be removed or separated from

‘they knocked $2,000 off the price’; ‘it's a huge burden off my shoulders’; ‘threatening to tear the door off its hinges’;

Onpreposition

In reference or relation to; as, on our part expect punctuality; a satire on society.

Offpreposition

absent from

‘I took a couple of days off work’;

Onpreposition

Of.

‘Or have we eaten on the insane rootThat takes the reason prisoner?’;

Offpreposition

abstaining from

‘he managed to stay off alcohol’;

Onpreposition

Occupied with; in the performance of; as, only three officers are on duty; on a journey; on the job; on an assignment; on a case; on the alert.

Offpreposition

having a temporary dislike of

‘he's running a temperature and he's off his food’;

Onpreposition

In the service of; connected with; a member of; as, he is on a newspaper; on a committee.

Offadjective

characterized by performing or feeling worse than usual; unsatisfactory or inadequate

‘even the greatest athletes have off days’;

Onpreposition

In reference to; about; concerning; as, to think on it; to meditate on it.

‘They have added the -en plural form on to an elder plural.’; ‘We see the strength of the new movement in the new class of ecclesiastics whom it forced on to the stage.’;

Offadjective

unwell

‘I felt decidedly off’;

Onadverb

Forward, in progression; onward; - usually with a verb of motion; as, move on; go on; the beat goes on.

‘The path is smooth that leadeth on to danger.’;

Offadjective

(of food) no longer fresh

‘the fish was a bit off’;

Onadverb

Forward, in succession; as, from father to son, from the son to the grandson, and so on.

Offadjective

located on the side of a vehicle that is normally furthest from the kerb; offside.

Onadverb

In continuance; without interruption or ceasing; as, sleep on, take your ease; say on; sing on.

Offadjective

annoying or unfair

‘His boss deducted the money from his pay. That was a bit off’;

Onadverb

Adhering; not off; as in the phrase, "He is neither on nor off," that is, he is not steady, he is irresolute.

Offadjective

unfriendly or hostile

‘there's no one there except the barmaid, and she's a bit off’;

Onadverb

Attached to the body, as clothing or ornament, or for use.

‘He put on righteousness as a breastplate.’;

Offnoun

the half of the field (as divided lengthways through the pitch) towards which the batsman's feet are pointed when standing to receive the ball.

Onadverb

In progress; proceeding; ongoing; as, a game is on.

Offnoun

the start of a race, journey, or experience

‘now Ian is ready for the off’;

Onadjective

in operation or operational;

‘left the oven on’; ‘the switch is in the on position’;

Offverb

leave

‘supposedly loyal workers suddenly upped and offed to the new firms’;

Onadjective

(of events) planned or scheduled;

‘the picnic is on, rain or shine’; ‘we have nothing on for Friday night’;

Offverb

kill; murder

‘I finally snapped and offed the guy’;

Onadjective

performing or scheduled for duties;

‘I'm on from five to midnight’; ‘Naval personnel on duty in Alaska’; ‘her on-duty hours were 11p.m. to 7 a.m.’;

Onadverb

with a forward motion;

‘we drove along admiring the view’; ‘the horse trotted along at a steady pace’; ‘the circus traveled on to the next city’; ‘move along’; ‘march on’;

Onadverb

indicates continuity or persistence or concentration;

‘his spirit lives on’; ‘shall I read on?’;

Onadverb

in a state required for something to function or be effective;

‘turn the lights on’; ‘get a load on’;

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