(genetics) The observed characteristics (number, type, shape, etc) of the chromosomes of an individual or species.
(genetics) A record of such characteristics, usually photographic.
A group of individuals or species that have the same chromosomal characteristics.
To investigate or record such characteristics
the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)
Karyotyping is the process by which photographs of chromosomes are taken in order to determine the chromosome complement of an individual, including the number of chromosomes and any abnormalities. The term karyotype is also used for the complete set of chromosomes in a species or in an individual organism and for a test that detects this complement or measures the number.