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Integer Number vs. Whole Number — What's the Difference?

Edited by Tayyaba Rehman — By Fiza Rafique — Published on November 30, 2023
Integer Numbers include positive, negative numbers, and zero (e.g., -2, -1, 0, 1, 2). Whole Numbers are non-negative integers (e.g., 0, 1, 2).
Integer Number vs. Whole Number — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Integer Number and Whole Number

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Key Differences

Integer Numbers are a broader category in mathematics that encompasses all positive numbers, negative numbers, and zero. They extend indefinitely in both positive and negative directions on the number line.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023
Whole Numbers, on the other hand, are a subset of the Integer Numbers. They only consist of positive numbers and zero. This means that while every Whole Number is an Integer Number, not every Integer Number is a Whole Number.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023
Integer Numbers can be visualized on a number line stretching infinitely in both directions. For instance, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3 are all Integer Numbers, showing their inclusivity of negative values.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023
Whole Numbers begin at zero and continue infinitely in the positive direction. 0, 1, 2, 3, and so on, are all Whole Numbers. They exclude any negative values, differentiating them from Integer Numbers.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023
Both Integer Numbers and Whole Numbers have their places in mathematics. While Integer Numbers are more comprehensive, including all values from negative infinity to positive infinity, Whole Numbers represent only non-negative values, including zero.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Inclusivity

Positive, negative, and zero
Only non-negative integers
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Nov 30, 2023

Example Values

-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
0, 1, 2, 3
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Nov 30, 2023

Position on Number Line

Extends indefinitely in both directions
Starts at zero and extends indefinitely positive
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Nov 30, 2023

Negative Numbers

Included
Excluded
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Nov 30, 2023

Subset Relationship

Encompasses Whole Numbers
A subset of Integer Numbers
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Nov 30, 2023

Compare with Definitions

Integer Number

Integer Numbers are numbers without fractional parts.
-5 is an Integer Number as it doesn't have a decimal or fraction.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 16, 2023

Whole Number

Every Whole Number is an Integer Number, but not vice versa.
4 is both a Whole Number and an Integer Number, but -4 is just an Integer Number.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 16, 2023

Integer Number

Integer Numbers include both negative and positive numbers.
-8 and 8 are both Integer Numbers representing opposite values.
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Oct 16, 2023

Whole Number

Whole Numbers start at zero and continue indefinitely in the positive direction.
0, 5, and 100 are all Whole Numbers as they're non-negative.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 16, 2023

Integer Number

Every whole number is an Integer Number.
While 6 is both a Whole Number and an Integer Number, -6 is only an Integer Number.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 16, 2023

Whole Number

Whole Numbers are a subset of Integer Numbers.
While 10 is both a Whole Number and an Integer Number, -10 is only an Integer Number.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 16, 2023

Integer Number

Integer Numbers can represent values below and above zero.
-3 is an Integer Number below zero, while 3 is above zero.
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Oct 16, 2023

Whole Number

Whole Numbers are non-negative numbers without fractions.
7 is a Whole Number because it's positive and doesn't have a fraction.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 16, 2023

Integer Number

Integer Numbers span from negative infinity to positive infinity.
-1000 and 1000 are both distant Integer Numbers on the number line.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 16, 2023

Whole Number

Whole Numbers exclude negative values.
15 is a Whole Number, while -15 isn't.
Fiza Rafique
Oct 16, 2023

Common Curiosities

What are Whole Numbers?

Whole Numbers are non-negative integers, starting from zero and going up without limits.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Can an Integer Number be negative?

Yes, Integer Numbers can be negative, positive, or zero.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Is zero considered a Whole Number or an Integer Number?

Zero is considered both a Whole Number and an Integer Number.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

What are Integer Numbers?

Integer Numbers include all positive, negative numbers, and zero without fractions.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Is -5 an Integer Number or a Whole Number?

-5 is an Integer Number, but not a Whole Number.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Are all Integer Numbers Whole Numbers?

No, only non-negative Integer Numbers are Whole Numbers.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Are all Whole Numbers Integer Numbers?

Yes, all Whole Numbers are Integer Numbers.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Do Whole Numbers include fractions or decimals?

No, Whole Numbers don't include fractions or decimals.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Can a Whole Number be negative?

No, Whole Numbers are always non-negative.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

How do Integer Numbers and Whole Numbers differ?

Integer Numbers include negative, positive, and zero, while Whole Numbers are only non-negative.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Is 5 both an Integer Number and a Whole Number?

Yes, 5 is both an Integer Number and a Whole Number.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Do Integer Numbers include fractions or decimals?

No, Integer Numbers are whole numbers without fractions or decimals.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

How are Whole Numbers represented on a number line?

Whole Numbers start at zero and continue indefinitely in the positive direction.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

How are Integer Numbers represented on a number line?

Integer Numbers extend indefinitely in both negative and positive directions.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

Which set is broader, Integer Numbers or Whole Numbers?

Integer Numbers is a broader set, as it includes Whole Numbers as a subset.
Fiza Rafique
Nov 30, 2023

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Author Spotlight

Written by
Fiza Rafique
Fiza Rafique is a skilled content writer at AskDifference.com, where she meticulously refines and enhances written pieces. Drawing from her vast editorial expertise, Fiza ensures clarity, accuracy, and precision in every article. Passionate about language, she continually seeks to elevate the quality of content for readers worldwide.
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to askdifference.com. As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.

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