Ask Difference

Handkerchief vs. Kerchief — What's the Difference?

By Tayyaba Rehman & Fiza Rafique — Updated on April 30, 2024
Handkerchiefs are small, square cloths used primarily for personal hygiene, like blowing the nose, whereas kerchiefs are larger and versatile, worn on the head or around the neck.
Handkerchief vs. Kerchief — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Handkerchief and Kerchief


Key Differences

Handkerchiefs are traditionally small and made of fabric like cotton or silk, designed to fit neatly in a pocket for personal hygiene purposes. Kerchiefs, on the other hand, are typically larger and can be made from a variety of fabrics, used for fashion or protection against the elements.
Often carried in the pocket, handkerchiefs are practical accessories for wiping the face or hands and are a discreet way to manage personal hygiene. Kerchiefs, however, are more likely to be worn visibly, either around the neck or as a head covering, adding a functional or fashionable element to an outfit.
The handkerchief is usually plain or patterned with subtle designs suitable for its practical uses. Kerchiefs might feature bolder patterns and colors as they are also a style statement.
Historically, handkerchiefs have been a standard part of both men's and women's accessories, particularly in formal settings. Kerchiefs have seen varied uses, from protective headgear in work environments to fashionable neck scarves.
While a handkerchief is often associated with etiquette and has traditional connotations of sophistication and preparation, a kerchief carries a more casual and versatile image, associated with both work and leisure activities.

Comparison Chart


Small, typically 12x12 inches
Larger, varies greatly


Blowing the nose, wiping sweat
Head or neck wear, fashion


Cotton, silk, soft fabrics
Cotton, silk, polyester, various fabrics


Subtle patterns, designed for discretion
Bold, colorful patterns, designed for visibility

Cultural Connotation

Sophistication, etiquette
Versatility, casual or work-related use

Compare with Definitions


A tool for discreetly managing sniffles or tears.
During the ceremony, she quietly used her handkerchief.


A fashionable item with bold designs.
Her floral kerchief added a pop of color to her outfit.


A traditional element in formal attire.
His handkerchief matched his tie perfectly.


Often used as a functional tool in various professions.
The chef wore a kerchief to keep sweat from dripping into the food.


A small square of cloth used for wiping the face or hands.
She dabbed at her eyes with a lace handkerchief.


A versatile accessory used for protection or fashion.
He wore a bright kerchief around his neck on the hike.


A piece of fabric used to demonstrate etiquette and preparedness.
Offering a clean handkerchief was considered a sign of good manners.


Associated with both casual wear and certain cultural attire.
In traditional dress, she wore a kerchief folded across her shoulders.


An accessory carried in the pocket for personal hygiene.
He always carries a silk handkerchief in his suit pocket.


A piece of cloth worn on the head or around the neck.
She tied a kerchief around her head to keep her hair out of her face.


A handkerchief (; also called a hankie or, historically, a handkercher) is a form of a kerchief or bandanna, typically a hemmed square of thin fabric which can be carried in the pocket or handbag, and which is intended for personal hygiene purposes such as wiping one's hands or face, or blowing one's nose. A handkerchief is also sometimes used as a purely decorative accessory in a suit pocket; it is then called a pocket square.


A kerchief (from the Old French couvrechief, "cover head"), also known as a bandana or bandanna, is a triangular or square piece of cloth tied around the head, face or neck for protective or decorative purposes. The popularity of head kerchiefs may vary by culture or religion, and may vary among Orthodox Jewish and Christian, Catholic, Amish, and Muslim people.


A square of cotton or other finely woven material intended for wiping one's nose.


A piece of fabric used to cover the head.


A small square of cloth used especially for wiping the nose or mouth.


A square scarf, often worn as a head covering.


A large piece of cloth worn as a decorative article; a scarf.


A handkerchief.


A piece of cloth, usually square and often fine and elegant, carried for wiping the face, eyes, nose or hands.


(dated) A piece of cloth used to cover the head; a bandana.


A piece of cloth shaped like a handkerchief to be worn about the neck; a neckerchief or neckcloth.


To cover with a kerchief.


A piece of cloth, usually square and often fine and elegant, carried for wiping the face or hands.


A lady who wears a kerchief.


A piece of cloth shaped like a handkerchief to be worn about the neck; a neckerchief; a neckcloth.


A square scarf that is folded into a triangle and worn over the head or about the neck


A square piece of cloth used for wiping the eyes or nose or as a costume accessory

Common Curiosities

Are kerchiefs suitable for both men and women?

Yes, they are versatile and used by all genders.

What materials are handkerchiefs made from?

Typically soft fabrics like cotton or silk.

Can kerchiefs be used for purposes other than fashion?

Yes, they can also serve as protective gear in various settings.

What patterns are common for handkerchiefs?

There are different types of handkerchiefs including cotton, silk, linen, cotton blend, and synthetic.

Is there a size difference between a handkerchief and a kerchief?

Yes, handkerchiefs are smaller than kerchiefs.

How do you wear a kerchief?

It can be tied around the head, neck, or used as a bandana.

Are kerchiefs part of traditional costumes?

In many cultures, yes, especially in folk attire.

What is a handkerchief used for?

Primarily for personal hygiene such as blowing the nose or wiping sweat.

Can a handkerchief be used as a fashion accessory?

Yes, it can be part of formal attire, especially in suit pockets.

How often should a handkerchief be washed?

After every use, to maintain hygiene.

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Author Spotlight

Written by
Tayyaba Rehman
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.
Co-written by
Fiza Rafique
Fiza Rafique is a skilled content writer at, where she meticulously refines and enhances written pieces. Drawing from her vast editorial expertise, Fiza ensures clarity, accuracy, and precision in every article. Passionate about language, she continually seeks to elevate the quality of content for readers worldwide.

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