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Gravida vs. Para — What's the Difference?

Edited by Tayyaba Rehman — By Fiza Rafique — Updated on November 6, 2023
Gravida refers to the number of times a woman has been pregnant; Para indicates the number of pregnancies that have resulted in a birth.
Gravida vs. Para — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Gravida and Para


Key Differences

Gravida is a term used in the medical field, specifically in obstetrics, to refer to the total number of times a woman has been pregnant, regardless of the outcome. This includes current pregnancies, miscarriages, abortions, and stillbirths. Para, on the other hand, is used to denote the number of pregnancies that have progressed to the point of a viable birth, which can include single or multiple births.
Gravida includes all pregnancies, even if they do not reach full term or if the woman is currently pregnant. It is a count of conception events. Para, in contrast, includes only those pregnancies where the fetus or fetuses have been delivered and have reached a stage of development to survive outside the womb, which typically is around 24 weeks of gestation or later.
In the context of a patient's history, a healthcare provider may denote gravida and para with numbers following each term, such as G3P2. Here, 'G3' would indicate that the woman has been pregnant three times (Gravida 3), and 'P2' would mean she has had two deliveries past 20 weeks gestation (Para 2). Para does not include the details of whether the births were vaginal or cesarean, nor the health of the neonates after delivery.
Understanding the difference between gravida and para is crucial for healthcare providers as it gives quick insight into a woman's obstetric history. For example, a woman who is gravida 2 para 1 (G2P1) has been pregnant twice; one pregnancy resulted in a birth and the current pregnancy has not yet resulted in a birth. This can be important information for assessing potential risks in the current pregnancy.
Lastly, while gravida can give an idea of a woman's experience with pregnancy, para provides more specific information about her experience with childbirth. A high gravida number may indicate a history of fertility issues or pregnancy complications, whereas a high para number suggests the woman has carried multiple pregnancies to a viable gestational age.

Comparison Chart


Total pregnancies
Viable births


Miscarriages, abortions
Births after 24 weeks gestation


Every pregnancy
Deliveries, not pregnancies


G3 = Three times pregnant
P2 = Two births


G followed by number
P followed by number

Compare with Definitions


The total number of confirmed pregnancies a woman has had.
The chart shows she’s Gravida 2.


Refers to the number of births, not the number of children.
As a Para 1, she's a first-time mother.


A medical term for a pregnant woman.
We have a Gravida in room three needing a check-up.


A term used to describe completed pregnancies beyond 24 weeks.
Her Para count increased to two after the delivery.


Used in obstetrics to denote pregnancy count.
Her obstetric history is recorded as Gravida 3.


(historical) A former subunit of currency in several countries in the Ottoman/Turkish and Yugoslav regions.


Includes current and prior pregnancies in a woman’s history.
She is Gravida 1, currently expecting her first child.


Denotes the number of times a woman has given birth.
She has a medical history of Gravida 3, Para 2.


The count of pregnancy, regardless of the outcome.
As a Gravida 4, she's experienced in prenatal care.


A state in northern Brazil, on the Atlantic coast at the delta of the Amazon; capital, Belém. It is a region of dense rainforest.


(medicine) A pregnant woman.


(medicine) A woman who has given birth or brought pregnancies to viable gestational age a certain number of times, indicated by the number prepended to this word.


The number of the pregnancy that a woman is in;
In her third pregnancy a woman is said to be gravida three


Clipping of paragraph


A pregnant woman


Clipping of paratrooper


Clipping of paraprofessional educator


Clipping of paraplegic


Very drunk


A piece of Turkish money, usually copper, the fortieth part of a piaster, or about one ninth of a cent.


The southern arm of the Amazon in Brazil; also, a seaport on this arm.


Short for Pará rubber.


(obstetrics) the number of live-born children a woman has delivered;
The parity of the mother must be considered
A bipara is a woman who has given birth to two children


100 para equal 1 dinar


A soldier in the paratroops


An estuary in northern Brazil into which the Tocantins River flows


Port city in northern Brazil in the Amazon delta; main port and commercial center for the Amazon River basin


The number of pregnancies carried past viability.
She is listed as Para 2, with twins.


Indicates the count of deliveries that have occurred.
In the record, she is noted as Para 3 after her recent birth.

Common Curiosities

How is ectopic pregnancy reflected in gravida and para?

It increases the gravida count but not the para count.

What does Gravida 2 mean?

Gravida 2 means a woman has been pregnant twice.

Is a woman who has miscarried considered a gravida?

Yes, miscarriages count towards the gravida number.

Does gravida include stillbirths?

Yes, stillbirths are included in the gravida count.

If a woman has twins, how does it affect gravida and para?

Gravida increases by 1 and para increases by 1, regardless of the number of babies.

What does Para 0 mean?

Para 0 means a woman has not had any viable births.

Can gravida and para numbers be the same?

Yes, if all pregnancies result in viable births.

Does a woman who has had an abortion count as a gravida?

Yes, an abortion is included in the gravida count.

How do healthcare providers use gravida and para?

They use them to quickly understand a woman's obstetric history.

What gravida number indicates a first-time pregnant woman?

Gravida 1 indicates a first-time pregnancy.

Can the para number help in predicting delivery complications?

It can provide insights, but individual assessments are necessary.

In a G2P1, what does the P1 signify?

P1 indicates one pregnancy resulted in a birth at viable gestational age.

Are gravida and para numbers always written together?

They often are but can be written separately if needed.

Does a cesarean delivery affect the para number?

Yes, it counts toward the para number just like a vaginal delivery.

Does para include the health status of the newborn?

No, para refers only to the number of deliveries past viability.

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Author Spotlight

Written by
Fiza Rafique
Fiza Rafique is a skilled content writer at, where she meticulously refines and enhances written pieces. Drawing from her vast editorial expertise, Fiza ensures clarity, accuracy, and precision in every article. Passionate about language, she continually seeks to elevate the quality of content for readers worldwide.
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.

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