Environment vs. Culture - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Culture

    Culture () is the social behavior and norms found in human societies. Culture is considered a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies. Some aspects of human behavior, social practices such as culture, expressive forms such as art, music, dance, ritual, and religion, and technologies such as tool usage, cooking, shelter, and clothing are said to be cultural universals, found in all human societies. The concept of material culture covers the physical expressions of culture, such as technology, architecture and art, whereas the immaterial aspects of culture such as principles of social organization (including practices of political organization and social institutions), mythology, philosophy, literature (both written and oral), and science comprise the intangible cultural heritage of a society. In the humanities, one sense of culture as an attribute of the individual has been the degree to which they have cultivated a particular level of sophistication in the arts, sciences, education, or manners. The level of cultural sophistication has also sometimes been seen to distinguish civilizations from less complex societies. Such hierarchical perspectives on culture are also found in class-based distinctions between a high culture of the social elite and a low culture, popular culture, or folk culture of the lower classes, distinguished by the stratified access to cultural capital. In common parlance, culture is often used to refer specifically to the symbolic markers used by ethnic groups to distinguish themselves visibly from each other such as body modification, clothing or jewelry. Mass culture refers to the mass-produced and mass mediated forms of consumer culture that emerged in the 20th century. Some schools of philosophy, such as Marxism and critical theory, have argued that culture is often used politically as a tool of the elites to manipulate the lower classes and create a false consciousness, and such perspectives are common in the discipline of cultural studies. In the wider social sciences, the theoretical perspective of cultural materialism holds that human symbolic culture arises from the material conditions of human life, as humans create the conditions for physical survival, and that the basis of culture is found in evolved biological dispositions. When used as a count noun, a "culture" is the set of customs, traditions, and values of a society or community, such as an ethnic group or nation. Culture is the set of knowledge acquired over time. In this sense, multiculturalism values the peaceful coexistence and mutual respect between different cultures inhabiting the same planet. Sometimes "culture" is also used to describe specific practices within a subgroup of a society, a subculture (e.g. "bro culture"), or a counterculture. Within cultural anthropology, the ideology and analytical stance of cultural relativism holds that cultures cannot easily be objectively ranked or evaluated because any evaluation is necessarily situated within the value system of a given culture. Yet within philosophy, this stance of cultural relativism is undermined and made inapplicable since such value judgement is itself a product of a given culture.

Wiktionary

  • Environment (noun)

    The surroundings of, and influences on, a particular item of interest.

  • Environment (noun)

    The natural world or ecosystem.

  • Environment (noun)

    All the elements that affect a system or its inputs and outputs.

  • Environment (noun)

    A particular political or social setting, arena or condition.

  • Environment (noun)

    The software and/or hardware existing on any particular computer system.

    "That program uses the Microsoft Windows environment."

  • Environment (noun)

    The environment of a function at a point during the execution of a program is the set of identifiers in the function's scope and their bindings at that point.

  • Environment (noun)

    The set of variables and their values in a namespace that an operating system associates with a process.

  • Culture (noun)

    the arts, customs, lifestyles, background, and habits that characterize a particular society or nation

  • Culture (noun)

    the beliefs, values, behaviour and material objects that constitute a people's way of life

  • Culture (noun)

    any knowledge passed from one generation to the next, not necessarily with respect to human beings

  • Culture (noun)

    cultivation

  • Culture (noun)

    the process of growing a bacterial or other biological entity in an artificial medium

  • Culture (noun)

    the growth thus produced

    "I'm headed to the lab to make sure my cell culture hasn't died."

  • Culture (noun)

    the collective noun for a group of bacteria

  • Culture (noun)

    the details on a map that do not represent natural features of the area delineated, such as names and the symbols for towns, roads, meridians, and parallels

  • Culture (verb)

    to maintain in an environment suitable for growth especially of bacteria cultivate}}

  • Culture (verb)

    to increase the artistic or scientific interest in something cultivate}}

Oxford Dictionary

  • Environment (noun)

    the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates

    "survival in an often hostile environment"

  • Environment (noun)

    the setting or conditions in which a particular activity is carried on

    "a good learning environment"

  • Environment (noun)

    the overall structure within which a user, computer, or program operates

    "a desktop development environment"

  • Environment (noun)

    the natural world, as a whole or in a particular geographical area, especially as affected by human activity

    "the impact of pesticides on the environment"

    "a parliamentary environment committee"

Webster Dictionary

  • Environment (noun)

    Act of environing; state of being environed.

  • Environment (noun)

    That which environs or surrounds; surrounding conditions, influences, or forces, by which living forms are influenced and modified in their growth and development.

  • Culture (noun)

    The act or practice of cultivating, or of preparing the earth for seed and raising crops by tillage; as, the culture of the soil.

  • Culture (noun)

    The act of, or any labor or means employed for, training, disciplining, or refining the moral and intellectual nature of man; as, the culture of the mind.

  • Culture (noun)

    The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation; physical improvement; enlightenment and discipline acquired by mental and moral training; civilization; refinement in manners and taste.

  • Culture (noun)

    The cultivation of bacteria or other organisms (such as fungi or eukaryotic cells from mulitcellular organisms) in artificial media or under artificial conditions.

  • Culture (noun)

    Those details of a map, collectively, which do not represent natural features of the area delineated, as names and the symbols for towns, roads, houses, bridges, meridians, and parallels.

  • Culture

    To cultivate; to educate.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Environment (noun)

    the totality of surrounding conditions;

    "he longed for the comfortable environment of his livingroom"

  • Environment (noun)

    the area in which something exists or lives;

    "the country--the flat agricultural surround"

  • Culture (noun)

    a particular society at a particular time and place;

    "early Mayan civilization"

  • Culture (noun)

    the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group

  • Culture (noun)

    all the knowledge and values shared by a society

  • Culture (noun)

    (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar);

    "the culture of cells in a Petri dish"

  • Culture (noun)

    (bacteriology) the product of cultivating micro-organisms in a nutrient medium

  • Culture (noun)

    a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality;

    "they performed with great polish"

    "I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose"

    "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"

  • Culture (noun)

    the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization;

    "the developing drug culture"

    "the reason that the agency is doomed to inaction has something to do with the FBI culture"

  • Culture (noun)

    the raising of plants or animals;

    "the culture of oysters"

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