Dna vs. Rna



alternative form of DNA


(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell;

‘ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses’;


abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid; - more commonly used than the full name. See also RNA.


ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Its principal role is to act as a messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins, although in some viruses RNA rather than DNA carries the genetic information.


(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information;

‘DNA is the king of molecules’;


deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material which is present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information.


the fundamental and distinctive characteristics or qualities of someone or something, especially when regarded as unchangeable

‘men just don't get shopping—it's not in our DNA’; ‘diversity is part of the company's DNA’;

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