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Craven vs. Raven — What's the Difference?

By Tayyaba Rehman — Updated on December 10, 2023
Craven is a term describing extreme cowardice. Raven is a large, black bird known for its intelligence.
Craven vs. Raven — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Craven and Raven

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Key Differences

Craven is an adjective used to describe someone who is notably cowardly or timid, showing a lack of courage. In contrast, Raven is a noun, referring to a species of large, black birds, famous for their intelligence and often featured in folklore and mythology.
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Dec 10, 2023
While Craven carries a negative connotation, implying a significant lack of bravery or a tendency to easily succumb to fear, Raven represents a physical entity, specifically a bird that is part of the genus Corvus. Ravens are often admired for their problem-solving skills and adaptability.
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Dec 10, 2023
The usage of Craven is primarily in contexts where a person's character or behavior is being evaluated, especially their ability to face challenges or dangers. On the other hand, Raven is used in ornithological, cultural, and literary contexts, often symbolizing wisdom or harbinger.
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Dec 10, 2023
Craven can be used metaphorically to describe actions or decisions that are made out of fear rather than conviction. In contrast, Raven, as a bird, is frequently observed in nature and wildlife studies and has a symbolic presence in various cultural narratives and stories.
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Dec 10, 2023
The word Craven finds its roots in Middle English, deriving from an old word meaning 'defeated', indicative of its association with weakness. In contrast, Raven has Old English origins, related to words in Germanic languages that denote this specific bird.
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Dec 10, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Part of Speech

Adjective
Noun
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Usage

Describing cowardice
Referring to a bird species
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Connotation

Negative, implies weakness
Neutral, often seen as intelligent
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Etymology

Middle English, 'defeated'
Old English, Germanic roots
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Symbolism

Weakness, lack of courage
Intelligence, adaptability
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Compare with Definitions

Craven

Extremely cowardly.
The craven soldier deserted his post during battle.
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Raven

A large, black bird of the genus Corvus.
The raven cawed ominously from the treetop.
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Craven

Lacking even the slightest amount of courage.
His craven refusal to stand up for his friends disappointed everyone.
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Raven

Often a subject in literature and folklore.
The raven in the poem symbolized lost love and mourning.
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Craven

Overwhelmed by fear, choosing flight over fight.
In the face of danger, the craven man always chose to run away.
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Raven

Known for its shiny, black plumage.
A raven's glossy feathers glinted in the sunlight.
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Craven

Contemptibly lacking in courage; cowardly
A craven abdication of his moral duty
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Raven

A symbol of wisdom or prophecy in many cultures.
In the story, the raven was a messenger of the gods.
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Craven

Timid to an excessive degree.
Faced with confrontation, he was craven and submissive.
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Raven

Noted for its intelligence and problem-solving abilities.
The raven figured out how to open the container.
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Craven

Craven is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England centred on the market town of Skipton. In 1974, Craven district was formed as the merger of Skipton urban district, Settle Rural District and most of Skipton Rural District, all in the West Riding of Yorkshire.
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Raven

A raven is a large bird from one of several species of the genus Corvus. These species do not form a single taxonomic group within the genus.
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Craven

A cowardly person.
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Raven

A large heavily built crow with mainly black plumage, feeding chiefly on carrion.
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Craven

Characterized by abject fear; cowardly.
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Raven

(especially of hair) of a glossy black colour
Thick raven hair
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Craven

A coward.
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Raven

(of a wild animal) hunt voraciously for prey
Fierce lions went ravening to and fro
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Craven

Unwilling to fight; lacking even the rudiments of courage; extremely cowardly.
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Raven

A large bird (Corvus corax) of the Northern Hemisphere, having black plumage and a croaking cry.
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Craven

A coward.
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Raven

Any of several similar birds of the genus Corvus, found in Africa, Australia, and southwestern North America.
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Craven

To make craven.
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Raven

Variant of ravin.
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Craven

Cowardly; fainthearted; spiritless.
The poor craven bridegroom said never a word.
In craven fear of the sarcasm of Dorset.
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Raven

Voracity; rapaciousness.
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Craven

To make recreant, weak, spiritless, or cowardly.
There is a prohibition so divine,That cravens my weak hand.
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Raven

Something taken as prey.
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Craven

An abject coward
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Raven

The act or practice of preying.
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Craven

Lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful;
The craven fellow turned and ran
A craven proposal to raise the white flag
This recreant knight
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Raven

Black and shiny
Raven tresses.
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Craven

Characterized by abject fear.
The craven response to the crisis did more harm than good.
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Raven

To consume greedily; devour.
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Raven

To seek or seize as prey or plunder.
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Raven

To seek or seize prey or plunder.
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Raven

To eat ravenously.
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Raven

(countable) Any of several, generally large and lustrous black species of birds in the genus Corvus, especially the common raven, Corvus corax.
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Raven

A jet-black colour.
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Raven

Rapine; rapacity.
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Raven

Prey; plunder; food obtained by violence.
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Raven

Of the color of the raven; jet-black
Raven curls
Raven darkness
She was a tall, sophisticated, raven-haired beauty.
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Raven

To obtain or seize by violence.
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Raven

(transitive) To devour with great eagerness.
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Raven

(transitive) To prey on with rapacity.
The raven is both a scavenger, who ravens a dead animal almost like a vulture, and a bird of prey, who commonly ravens to catch a rodent.
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Raven

(intransitive) To show rapacity; to be greedy (for something).
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Raven

A large black passerine bird (Corvus corax), similar to the crow, but larger, and has a harsh, loud call. It is native of the northern parts of Europe, Asia and America, and is noted for its sagacity.
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Raven

Rapine; rapacity.
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Raven

Prey; plunder; food obtained by violence.
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Raven

Of the color of the raven; jet black; as, raven curls; raven darkness.
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Raven

To obtain or seize by violence.
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Raven

To devour with great eagerness.
Like rats that ravin down their proper bane.
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Raven

To prey with rapacity; to be greedy; to show rapacity.
Benjamin shall raven as a wolf.
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Raven

Large black bird with a straight bill and long wedge-shaped tail
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Raven

Obtain or seize by violence
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Raven

Prey on or hunt for;
These mammals predate certain eggs
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Raven

Eat greedily;
He devoured three sandwiches
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Raven

Feed greedily;
The lions ravened the bodies
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Common Curiosities

Is craven a common term in modern English?

It's less common but still used to describe extreme cowardice.
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What is a raven exactly?

A raven is a large, intelligent bird, known for its black plumage.
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What does craven mean?

Craven describes extreme cowardice or a lack of bravery.
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Can craven be a noun?

No, it's used only as an adjective.
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Can craven be used for situations, not just people?

Yes, actions or decisions can also be described as craven.
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Are ravens and crows the same?

No, ravens are larger and have distinct features compared to crows.
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Is the raven a solitary bird?

Ravens can be solitary but are often seen in pairs or groups.
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Do ravens have significance in mythology?

Yes, they are often symbols of wisdom or omens in various cultures.
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Are ravens common in urban areas?

They are adaptable and can be found in various environments, including cities.
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What does it mean if something is described as craven?

It means it's characterized by a significant lack of courage.
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What's the lifespan of a raven in the wild?

Ravens can live up to 10-15 years in the wild.
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Do ravens mimic sounds?

Yes, ravens can mimic sounds and even human speech.
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How intelligent are ravens?

Ravens are very intelligent, capable of problem-solving and planning.
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Is craven ever used positively?

No, it's always used in a negative context to imply cowardice.
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Where does the word craven come from?

It originates from Middle English, related to the word 'defeated'.
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Author Spotlight

Written by
Tayyaba Rehman
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to askdifference.com. As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.

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