Chiton vs. Toga - What's the difference?

Main Difference

The main difference between Chiton and Toga is that the Chiton is a class of molluscs and Toga is a draped mantle worn in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Wikipedia

  • Chiton

    Chitons are marine molluscs of varying size in the class Polyplacophora, formerly known as Amphineura. About 940 extant and 430 fossil species are recognized. They are also sometimes known as sea cradles or "coat-of-mail shells", or more formally as loricates, polyplacophorans, and occasionally as polyplacophores. Chitons have a shell composed of eight separate shell plates or valves. These plates overlap slightly at the front and back edges, and yet articulate well with one another. Because of this, the shell provides protection at the same time as permitting the chiton to flex upward when needed for locomotion over uneven surfaces, and even allows the animal to curl up into a ball when dislodged from rocks. The shell plates are encircled by a skirt known as a girdle.

  • Toga

    The toga , a distinctive garment of ancient Rome, was a roughly semicircular cloth, between 12 and 20 feet (3.7 and 6.1 m) in length, draped over the shoulders and around the body. It was usually woven from white wool, and was worn over a tunic. In Roman historical tradition, it is said to have been the favoured dress of Romulus, Rome's founder; it was also thought to have been worn by both sexes, and by the citizen-military. As Roman women gradually adopted the stola, the toga was recognised as formal wear for Roman citizen men. Women engaged in prostitution might have provided the main exception to this rule.The type of toga worn reflected a citizen's rank in the civil hierarchy. Various laws and customs restricted its use to citizens, who were required to wear it for public festivals and civic duties. From its probable beginnings as a simple, practical work-garment, the toga became more voluminous, complex, and costly, increasingly unsuited to anything but formal and ceremonial use. It was and is considered ancient Rome's "national costume"; as such, it had great symbolic value, but it was hard to put on, uncomfortable and challenging to wear correctly, and never truly popular. When circumstances allowed, those otherwise entitled or obliged to wear it opted for more comfortable, casual garments. It gradually fell out of use, firstly among citizens of the lower class, then those of the middle class. Eventually, it was worn only by the highest classes for ceremonial occasions, and by the 5th century, it had been replaced as an official costume by the more practical pallium and paenula.

Wiktionary

  • Chiton (noun)

    A loose woolen tunic worn by men and women in Ancient Greece.

  • Chiton (noun)

    Any of various rock-clinging marine molluscs of the class Polyplacophora, including the genus Chiton.

  • Toga (noun)

    A loose outer garment worn by the citizens of Ancient Rome.

  • Toga (noun)

    A loose wrap gown.

  • Toga (noun)

    An academic gown.

Oxford Dictionary

  • Chiton (noun)

    a long woollen tunic worn in ancient Greece.

  • Chiton (noun)

    a marine mollusc that has an oval flattened body with a shell of overlapping plates.

  • Toga (noun)

    a loose flowing outer garment worn by the citizens of ancient Rome, made of a single piece of cloth and covering the whole body apart from the right arm.

Webster Dictionary

  • Chiton (noun)

    An under garment among the ancient Greeks, nearly representing the modern shirt.

  • Chiton (noun)

    One of a group of gastropod mollusks, with a shell composed of eight movable dorsal plates. See Polyplacophora.

  • Toga (noun)

    The loose outer garment worn by the ancient Romans, consisting of a single broad piece of woolen cloth of a shape approaching a semicircle. It was of undyed wool, except the border of the toga prætexta.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Chiton (noun)

    a woolen tunic worn by men and women in ancient Greece

  • Chiton (noun)

    primitive elongated bilaterally symmetrical marine mollusk having a mantle covered with eight calcareous plates

  • Toga (noun)

    a one-piece cloak worn by men in ancient Rome

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