Analysis vs. Analyses - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

• Analysis

Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it. The technique has been applied in the study of mathematics and logic since before Aristotle (384–322 B.C.), though analysis as a formal concept is a relatively recent development. The word comes from the Ancient Greek ἀνάλυσις (analysis, "a breaking up", from ana- "up, throughout" and lysis "a loosening"). As a formal concept, the method has variously been ascribed to Alhazen, René Descartes (Discourse on the Method), and Galileo Galilei. It has also been ascribed to Isaac Newton, in the form of a practical method of physical discovery (which he did not name).

Wiktionary

• Analysis (noun)

Decomposition into components in order to study (a complex thing, concept, theory etc.).

• Analysis (noun)

The result of such a process.

• Analysis (noun)

The mathematical study of functions, sequences, series, limits, derivatives and integrals.

• Analysis (noun)

Proof by deduction from known truths.

• Analysis (noun)

The process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts, or the result of this process.

• Analysis (noun)

The analytical study of melodies, harmonies, sequences, repetitions, variations, quotations, juxtapositions, and surprises.

• Analysis (noun)

Psychoanalysis.

• Analyses (noun)

plural of analysis

Oxford Dictionary

• Analysis (noun)

detailed examination of the elements or structure of something

"statistical analysis"

"an analysis of popular culture"

• Analysis (noun)

the process of separating something into its constituent elements

"the procedure is often more accurately described as one of synthesis rather than analysis"

• Analysis (noun)

the identification and measurement of the chemical constituents of a substance or specimen

"samples are sent to the laboratory for analysis"

"analyses of the rocks are consistent with a basaltic composition"

• Analysis (noun)

the part of mathematics concerned with the theory of functions and the use of limits, continuity, and the operations of calculus.

• Analysis (noun)

short for psychoanalysis

"other schools of analysis have evolved out of the original disciplines established by Freud"

Webster Dictionary

• Analysis (noun)

A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to synthesis.

• Analysis (noun)

The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis.

• Analysis (noun)

The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles.

• Analysis (noun)

The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations.

• Analysis (noun)

A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order.

• Analysis (noun)

The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key.

Princeton's WordNet

• Analysis (noun)

an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole

• Analysis (noun)

the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations

• Analysis (noun)

a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed

• Analysis (noun)

the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father'

• Analysis (noun)

a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation

• Analysis (noun)

a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud;

"his physician recommended psychoanalysis"

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