VS.

Socialism vs. Populism

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Socialismnoun

Any of various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods.

Populismnoun

(philosophy) A political doctrine or philosophy that proposes that the rights and powers of ordinary people are exploited by a privileged elite, and supports their struggle to overcome this.

Socialismnoun

A system of social and economic equality in which there is no private property.

Populismnoun

(derogatory) The practice of appealing to the interests of the common people.

Socialismnoun

A system or condition of society in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state.

Populismnoun

The political doctrines advocated by the People's party.

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Socialismnoun

(Marxism) The intermediate phase of social development between capitalism and full communism in Marxist theory in which the state has control of the means of production.

Populismnoun

the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite

Socialismnoun

Any of a group of later political philosophies such democratic socialism and social democracy which do not envisage the need for full state ownership of the means of production nor transition to full communism, and which are typically based on principles of community decision making, social equality and the avoidance of economic and social exclusion, with economic policy giving first preference to community goals over individual ones.

Populismnoun

a political approach that strives to appeal to ordinary people who feel that their concerns are disregarded by established elite groups

‘the question is whether he will tone down his fiery populism now that he has joined the political establishment’; ‘the Finance Minister performed a commendable balancing act, combining populism with prudence’;

Socialismnoun

Any left-wing ideology, government regulations, or policies promoting a welfare state, nationalisation, etc.

Populismnoun

support for populist politicians or policies

‘the government came to power on a wave of populism’;

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Socialismnoun

A theory or system of social reform which contemplates a complete reconstruction of society, with a more just and equitable distribution of property and labor. In popular usage, the term is often employed to indicate any lawless, revolutionary social scheme. See Communism, Fourierism, Saint-Simonianism, forms of socialism.

‘[Socialism] was first applied in England to Owen's theory of social reconstruction, and in France to those also of St. Simon and Fourier . . . The word, however, is used with a great variety of meaning, . . . even by economists and learned critics. The general tendency is to regard as socialistic any interference undertaken by society on behalf of the poor, . . . radical social reform which disturbs the present system of private property . . . The tendency of the present socialism is more and more to ally itself with the most advanced democracy.’; ‘We certainly want a true history of socialism, meaning by that a history of every systematic attempt to provide a new social existence for the mass of the workers.’;

Populismnoun

the quality of appealing to or being aimed at ordinary people

‘art museums did not gain bigger audiences through a new populism’;

Socialismnoun

a political theory advocating state ownership of industry

Populism

Populism refers to a range of political stances that emphasise the idea of and often juxtapose this group against . The term dates back to the Populares, (Latin for 'favoring the people', singular popularis) who were a political faction in the late Roman Republic who favoured the cause of the plebeians (the commoners), and has been applied to various politicians, parties, and movements since that time, although it has rarely been chosen as a self-description.

‘the people’; ‘the elite’;

Socialismnoun

an economic system based on state ownership of capital

Socialism

Socialism is a political, social, and economic philosophy encompassing a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership of the means of production. It includes the political theories and movements associated with such systems.

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