VS.

So vs. But

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Soconjunction

In order that.

‘Eat your broccoli so you can have dessert.’;

Butpreposition

Outside of.

‘Away but the hoose and tell me whae's there.’;

Soconjunction

With the result that; for that reason; therefore.

‘I was hungry so I asked if there was any more food.’; ‘He ate too much cake, so he fell ill.’; ‘He wanted a book, so he went to the library.’; ‘“I need to go to the bathroom.”
―“So go!”’;

Butpreposition

Apart from, except (for), excluding.

‘Everyone but Father left early.’; ‘''I like everything but that.’; ‘Nobody answered the door when I knocked, so I had no choice but to leave.’;

Soconjunction

(archaic) Provided that; on condition that, as long as.

Butadverb

Merely, only, just.

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Soadverb

To the (explicitly stated) extent that.

‘It was so hot outside that all the plants died.’; ‘He was so good, they hired him on the spot.’;

Butadverb

Though, however.

‘I'll have to go home early but.’;

Soadverb

(informal) To the (implied) extent.

‘I need a piece of cloth so long. [= this long]’;

Butadverb

Used as an intensifier.

‘Nobody, but nobody, crosses me and gets away with it.’;

Soadverb

(informal) Very (positive clause).

‘He is so good!’;

Butconjunction

(following a negative clause or sentence) On the contrary, but rather (introducing a word or clause that contrasts with or contradicts the preceding clause or sentence without the negation).

‘I am not rich but (I am) poor;’; ‘not John but Peter went there.’;

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Soadverb

(informal) Very (negative clause).

‘It’s not so bad. [i.e. it's acceptable]’;

Butconjunction

However, although, nevertheless, on the other hand (implies that the following clause is contrary to prior belief or contrasts with or contradicts the preceding clause or sentence).

‘She is very old but still attractive.’; ‘You told me I could do that, but she said that I could not.’;

Soadverb

Very much.

‘But I so want to see the Queen when she visits our town!’; ‘That is so not true!’;

Butconjunction

Except that (introducing a subordinate clause which qualifies a negative statement); also, with omission of the subject of the subordinate clause, acting as a negative relative, "except one that", "except such that".

‘I cannot but feel offended.’;

Soadverb

In a particular manner.

‘Place the napkin on the table just so. If that's what you mean, then say so; (or do so).’;

Butconjunction

(archaic) Without its also being the case that; unless that (introducing a necessary concomitant).

‘It never rains but it pours.’;

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Soadverb

In the same manner or to the same extent as aforementioned; also.

‘Just as you have the right to your free speech, so I have the right to mine.’; ‘Many people say she's the world's greatest athlete, but I don't think so.’; ‘"I can count backwards from one hundred." "So can I."’;

Butconjunction

(obsolete) Except with; unless with; without.

Soadverb

To such an extent or degree; as.

‘so far as;’; ‘so long as;’; ‘so much as’;

Butconjunction

(obsolete) Only; solely; merely.

Soadjective

True, accurate.

‘That is so.’; ‘You are responsible for this, is that not so?’;

Butconjunction

(obsolete) Until.

Soadjective

In that state or manner; with that attribute. A proadjective that replaces the aforementioned adjective phrase.

Butnoun

An instance or example of using the word "but".

‘It has to be done – no ifs or buts.’;

Soadjective

Homosexual.

‘Is he so?’;

Butnoun

(Scotland) The outer room of a small two-room cottage.

Sointerjection

Used after a pause for thought to introduce a new topic, question or story.

‘So, let's go home.’; ‘So, what'll you have?’; ‘So, there was this squirrel stuck in the chimney...’;

Butnoun

A limit; a boundary.

Sointerjection

Short for so what.

‘"You park your car in front of my house every morning." — "So?"’;

Butnoun

The end; especially the larger or thicker end, or the blunt, in distinction from the sharp, end; the butt.

Sointerjection

Used to connect previous conversation or events to the following question.

‘So how does this story end?’; ‘So, everyone wants to know - did you win the contest or not?’;

Butverb

(archaic) Use the word "but".

‘But me no buts.’;

Sointerjection

(archaic) Be as you are; stand still; used especially to cows; also used by sailors.

Butpreposition

Except with; unless with; without.

‘So insolent that he could not go but either spurning equals or trampling on his inferiors.’; ‘Touch not the cat but a glove.’;

Sopronoun

abbreviation of someone

Butpreposition

Except; besides; save.

‘Who can it be, ye gods! but perjured Lycon?’;

Sonoun

(music) A syllable used in solfège to represent the fifth note of a major scale.

Butpreposition

Excepting or excluding the fact that; save that; were it not that; unless; - elliptical, for but that.

‘And but my noble Moor is true of mind . . . it were enough to put him to ill thinking.’;

Sonoun

(foods) A type of dairy product made in Japan between the seventh and 10th centuries.

Butpreposition

Otherwise than that; that not; - commonly, after a negative, with that.

‘It cannot be but nature hath some director, of infinite power, to guide her in all her ways.’; ‘There is no question but the king of Spain will reform most of the abuses.’;

Soadverb

In that manner or degree; as, indicated (in any way), or as implied, or as supposed to be known.

‘Why is his chariot so long in coming?’;

Butpreposition

Only; solely; merely.

‘Observe but how their own principles combat one another.’; ‘If they kill us, we shall but die.’; ‘A formidable man but to his friends.’;

Soadverb

In like manner or degree; in the same way; thus; for like reason; whith equal reason; - used correlatively, following as, to denote comparison or resemblance; sometimes, also, following inasmuch as.

‘As a war should be undertaken upon a just motive, so a prince ought to consider the condition he is in.’;

Butpreposition

On the contrary; on the other hand; only; yet; still; however; nevertheless; more; further; - as connective of sentences or clauses of a sentence, in a sense more or less exceptive or adversative; as, the House of Representatives passed the bill, but the Senate dissented; our wants are many, but quite of another kind.

‘Now abideth faith hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.’; ‘When pride cometh, then cometh shame; but with the lowly is wisdom.’; ‘But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; . . . the lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him.’; ‘But this I read, that but if remedyThou her afford, full shortly I her dead shall see.’;

Soadverb

In such manner; to such degree; - used correlatively with as or that following; as, he was so fortunate as to escape.

‘I viewed in may mind, so far as I was able, the beginning and progress of a rising world.’; ‘He is very much in Sir Roger's esteem, so that he lives in the family rather as a relation than dependent.’;

Butnoun

The outer apartment or kitchen of a two-roomed house; - opposed to ben, the inner room.

Soadverb

Very; in a high degree; that is, in such a degree as can not well be expressed; as, he is so good; he planned so wisely.

Butnoun

A limit; a boundary.

Soadverb

In the same manner; as has been stated or suggested; in this or that condition or state; under these circumstances; in this way; - with reflex reference to something just asserted or implied; used also with the verb to be, as a predicate.

‘Use him [your tutor] with great respect yourself, and cause all your family to do so too.’; ‘It concerns every man, with the greatest seriousness, to inquire into those matters, whether they be so or not.’; ‘He is Sir Robert's son, and so art thou.’;

Butnoun

The end; esp. the larger or thicker end, or the blunt, in distinction from the sharp, end. Now disused in this sense, being replaced by butt{2}. See 1st Butt.

Soadverb

The case being such; therefore; on this account; for this reason; on these terms; - used both as an adverb and a conjuction.

‘God makes him in his own image an intellectual creature, and so capable of dominion.’; ‘Here, then, exchange we mutually forgiveness;So may the guilt of all my broken vows,My perjuries to thee, be all forgotten.’;

Butverb

See Butt, v., and Abut, v.

Soadverb

It is well; let it be as it is, or let it come to pass; - used to express assent.

‘And when 't is writ, for my sake read it over,And if it please you, so; if not, why, so.’; ‘There is Percy; if your father will do me any honor, so; if not, let him kill the next Percy himself.’;

Butadverb

and nothing more;

‘I was merely asking’; ‘it is simply a matter of time’; ‘just a scratch’; ‘he was only a child’; ‘hopes that last but a moment’;

Soadverb

Well; the fact being as stated; - used as an expletive; as, so the work is done, is it?

Soadverb

Is it thus? do you mean what you say? - with an upward tone; as, do you say he refuses? So?

Soadverb

About the number, time, or quantity specified; thereabouts; more or less; as, I will spend a week or so in the country; I have read only a page or so.

‘A week or so will probably reconcile us.’; ‘So do, as thou hast said.’; ‘As a flower of the field, so he flourisheth.’; ‘Had woman been so strong as men.’; ‘No country suffered so much as England.’;

Soconjunction

Provided that; on condition that; in case that; if.

‘Though all the winds of doctrine were let loose play upon the earth, so truth be in the field, we do injuriously, by licensing and prohibiting, to misdoubt her strength.’;

Sointerjection

Be as you are; stand still; stop; that will do; right as you are; - a word used esp. to cows; also used by sailors.

Sonoun

the syllable naming the fifth (dominant) note of any musical scale in solmization

Soadjective

conforming to truth;

‘I wouldn't have told you this if it weren't so’; ‘a truthful statement’;

Soadjective

marked by system; in good order;

‘everything is in order’; ‘his books are always just so’; ‘things must be exactly so’;

Soadverb

to a very great extent or degree;

‘the idea is so obvious’; ‘never been so happy’; ‘I love you so’; ‘my head aches so!’;

Soadverb

in order that;

‘he stooped down so he could pick up his hat’;

Soadverb

in such a condition or manner, especially as expressed or implied;

‘They're happy and I hope they will remain so’; ‘so live your life that old age will bring no regrets’;

Soadverb

to a certain unspecified extent or degree;

‘I can only go so far with this student’; ‘can do only so much in a day’;

Soadverb

in the same way; also;

‘I was offended and so was he’; ‘worked hard and so did she’;

Soadverb

in the way indicated;

‘hold the brush so’; ‘set up the pieces thus’;

Soadverb

(usually followed by `that') to an extent or degree as expressed;

‘he was so tired he could hardly stand’; ‘so dirty that it smells’;

Soadverb

subsequently or soon afterward (often used as sentence connectors);

‘then he left’; ‘go left first, then right’; ‘first came lightning, then thunder’; ‘we watched the late movie and then went to bed’; ‘and so home and to bed’;

Soadverb

in truth (often tends to intensify);

‘they said the car would break down and indeed it did’; ‘it is very cold indeed’; ‘was indeed grateful’; ‘indeed, the rain may still come’; ‘he did so do it!’;

Soadverb

to such a great extent

‘don't look so worried’; ‘the words tumbled out so fast that I could barely hear them’; ‘I'm not so foolish as to say that’;

Soadverb

extremely; very much (used for emphasis)

‘I do love it so’; ‘she looked so pretty’;

Soadverb

used to emphasize a clause or negative statement

‘you are so going to regret this’; ‘that's so not fair’;

Soadverb

used with a gesture to indicate size

‘the bird was about so long’;

Soadverb

to the same extent (used in comparisons)

‘he isn't so bad as you'd think’; ‘help without which he would not have done so well’;

Soadverb

referring back to something previously mentioned.

Soadverb

that is the case

‘I hear that you're a writer—is that so?’; ‘if she notices, she never says so’; ‘‘Has somebody called an ambulance?’ ‘I believe so’’;

Soadverb

similarly; and also

‘times have changed and so have I’;

Soadverb

expressing agreement

‘‘There's another one.’ ‘So there is.’’;

Soadverb

used for emphasis in a formula added at the end of a statement

‘your old man was the salt of the earth, so he was’;

Soadverb

used to emphatically contradict a negative statement

‘it is so!’;

Soadverb

in the way described or demonstrated; thus

‘so it was that he was still a bachelor’; ‘hold your arms so’;

Soconjunction

and for this reason; therefore

‘you know I'm telling the truth, so don't interrupt’; ‘it was still painful so I went to see a specialist’;

Soconjunction

with the result that

‘it was overgrown with brambles, so that I had difficulty making any progress’;

Soconjunction

with the aim that; in order that

‘they whisper to each other so that no one else can hear’;

Soconjunction

and then; as the next step

‘and so to the final’;

Soconjunction

introducing a question

‘so, what did you do today?’;

Soconjunction

introducing a question following on from what was said previously

‘so what did he do about it?’;

Soconjunction

why should that be considered significant?

‘‘He came into the shop this morning.’ ‘So?’’; ‘so what if he failed?’;

Soconjunction

introducing a statement which is followed by a defensive comment

‘so I like keeping track of things—what's wrong with that?’;

Soconjunction

introducing a concluding statement

‘so that's that’;

Soconjunction

in the same way; correspondingly

‘just as bad money drives out good, so does bad art drive out the good’;

Sonoun

variant spelling of soh

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