Predisposition vs. Bias - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Bias

    Bias is prejudice in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair. Biases can be learned implicitly within cultural contexts. People may develop biases toward or against an individual, an ethnic group, a sexual or gender identity, a nation, a religion, a social class, a political party, theoretical paradigms and ideologies within academic domains, or a species. Biased means one-sided, lacking a neutral viewpoint, or not having an open mind. Bias can come in many forms and is related to prejudice and intuition. In science and engineering, a bias is a systematic error. Statistical bias results from an unfair sampling of a population, or from an estimation process that does not give accurate results on average.

Wiktionary

  • Predisposition (noun)

    the state of being predisposed or susceptible to something, especially to a disease or other health problem

  • Bias (noun)

    Inclination towards something; predisposition, partiality, prejudice, preference, predilection.

  • Bias (noun)

    The diagonal line between warp and weft in a woven fabric.

  • Bias (noun)

    A wedge-shaped piece of cloth taken out of a garment (such as the waist of a dress) to diminish its circumference.

  • Bias (noun)

    A voltage or current applied to an electronic device, such as a transistor electrode, to move its operating point to a desired part of its transfer function.

  • Bias (noun)

    The difference between the expectation of the sample estimator and the true population value, which reduces the representativeness of the estimator by systematically distorting it.

  • Bias (noun)

    In the games of crown green bowls and lawn bowls: a weight added to one side of a bowl so that as it rolls, it will follow a curved rather than a straight path; the oblique line followed by such a bowl; the lopsided shape or structure of such a bowl. In lawn bowls, the curved course is caused only by the shape of the bowl. The use of weights is prohibited.from 1560s

  • Bias (noun)

    A person's favourite member of a K-pop band.

  • Bias (verb)

    To place bias upon; to influence.

    "Our prejudices bias our views."

  • Bias (adjective)

    Inclined to one side; swelled on one side.

  • Bias (adjective)

    Cut slanting or diagonally, as cloth.

  • Bias (adverb)

    In a slanting manner; crosswise; obliquely; diagonally.

    "to cut cloth bias"

Oxford Dictionary

  • Predisposition (noun)

    a liability or tendency to suffer from a particular condition, hold a particular attitude, or act in a particular way

    "a child may inherit a predisposition to schizophrenia"

    "factors including genetic predisposition"

Webster Dictionary

  • Predisposition (noun)

    The act of predisposing, or the state of being predisposed; previous inclination, tendency, or propensity; predilection; - applied to the mind; as, a predisposition to anger.

  • Predisposition (noun)

    Previous fitness or adaptation to any change, impression, or purpose; susceptibility; - applied to material things; as, the predisposition of the body to disease.

  • Bias (noun)

    A weight on the side of the ball used in the game of bowls, or a tendency imparted to the ball, which turns it from a straight line.

  • Bias (noun)

    A leaning of the mind; propensity or prepossession toward an object or view, not leaving the mind indifferent; bent; inclination.

  • Bias (noun)

    A wedge-shaped piece of cloth taken out of a garment (as the waist of a dress) to diminish its circumference.

  • Bias (noun)

    A slant; a diagonal; as, to cut cloth on the bias.

  • Bias (adjective)

    Inclined to one side; swelled on one side.

  • Bias (adjective)

    Cut slanting or diagonally, as cloth.

  • Bias (adverb)

    In a slanting manner; crosswise; obliquely; diagonally; as, to cut cloth bias.

  • Bias

    To incline to one side; to give a particular direction to; to influence; to prejudice; to prepossess.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Predisposition (noun)

    susceptibility to a pathogen

  • Predisposition (noun)

    an inclination beforehand to interpret statements in a particular way

  • Predisposition (noun)

    a disposition in advance to react in a particular way

  • Bias (noun)

    a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation

  • Bias (noun)

    a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric

  • Bias (verb)

    influence in an unfair way;

    "you are biasing my choice by telling me yours"

  • Bias (verb)

    cause to be biased

  • Bias (adjective)

    slanting diagonally across the grain of a fabric;

    "a bias fold"

Illustrations

Bias

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