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# Plan vs. Map

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## Main Difference

The main difference between Plan and Map is that the Plan is a outline of a strategy for achievement of an objective and Map is a visual representation of an area

• Plan

A plan is typically any diagram or list of steps with details of timing and resources, used to achieve an objective to do something. See also strategy. It is commonly understood as a temporal set of intended actions through which one expects to achieve a goal.

For spatial or planar topologic or topographic sets see map.

Plans can be formal or informal:

Structured and formal plans, used by multiple people, are more likely to occur in projects, diplomacy, careers, economic development, military campaigns, combat, sports, games, or in the conduct of other business. In most cases, the absence of a well-laid plan can have adverse effects: for example, a non-robust project plan can cost the organization time and money.

Informal or ad hoc plans are created by individuals in all of their pursuits.The most popular ways to describe plans are by their breadth, time frame, and specificity; however, these planning classifications are not independent of one another. For instance, there is a close relationship between the short- and long-term categories and the strategic and operational categories.

It is common for less formal plans to be created as abstract ideas, and remain in that form as they are maintained and put to use. More formal plans as used for business and military purposes, while initially created with and as an abstract thought, are likely to be written down, drawn up or otherwise stored in a form that is accessible to multiple people across time and space. This allows more reliable collaboration in the execution of the plan.

• Map

A map is a symbolic depiction emphasizing relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, or themes.

Many maps are static, fixed to paper or some other durable medium, while others are dynamic or interactive. Although most commonly used to depict geography, maps may represent any space, real or imagined, without regard to context or scale, such as in brain mapping, DNA mapping, or computer network topology mapping. The space being mapped may be two dimensional, such as the surface of the earth, three dimensional, such as the interior of the earth, or even more abstract spaces of any dimension, such as arise in modeling phenomena having many independent variables.

Although the earliest maps known are of the heavens, geographic maps of territory have a very long tradition and exist from ancient times. The word "map" comes from the medieval Latin Mappa mundi, wherein mappa meant napkin or cloth and mundi the world. Thus, "map" became the shortened term referring to a two-dimensional representation of the surface of the world.

Wikipedia
• Plan (noun)

A drawing showing technical details of a building, machine, etc., with unwanted details omitted, and often using symbols rather than detailed drawing to represent doors, valves, etc.

"The plans for many important buildings were once publicly available."

• Plan (noun)

A set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal.

"He didn't really have a plan; he had a goal and a habit of control."

• Plan (noun)

A two-dimensional drawing of a building as seen from above with obscuring or irrelevant details such as roof removed, or of a floor of a building, revealing the internal layout; as distinct from the elevation.

"Seen in plan, the building had numerous passageways not apparent to visitors."

• Plan (noun)

A method; a way of procedure; a custom.

• Plan (noun)

A subscription to a service; e.g., a phone plan, an Internet plan.

• Plan (verb)

To design (a building, machine, etc.).

"The architect planned the building for the client."

• Plan (verb)

To create a plan for.

"They jointly planned the project in phases, with good detail for the first month."

• Plan (verb)

To intend.

"He planned to go, but work intervened."

• Plan (verb)

See plan on.

"I was planning on going, but something came up."

• Plan (verb)

To make a plan.

"They planned for the worst, bringing lots of emergency supplies."

• Map (noun)

A visual representation of an area, whether real or imaginary.

• Map (noun)

A graphical representation of the relationships between objects, components or themes.

• Map (noun)

A function.

"Let $f$ be a map from $\mathbb\left\{R\right\}$ to $\mathbb\left\{R\right\}$"

• Map (noun)

The butterfly ver=160924.

• Map (noun)

The face.

• Map (noun)

A predefined and confined imaginary area where a game session takes place.

"I don't want to play this map again!"

• Map (verb)

To create a visual representation of a territory, etc. via cartography.

• Map (verb)

To inform someone of a particular idea.

• Map (verb)

To act as a function on something, taking it to something else.

"$f$ maps $A$ to $B$, mapping every $a\in A$ to $f\left(a\right)\in B$."

Wiktionary
• Plan (noun)

A draught or form; properly, a representation drawn on a plane, as a map or a chart; especially, a top view, as of a machine, or the representation or delineation of a horizontal section of anything, as of a building; a graphic representation; a diagram.

• Plan (noun)

A scheme devised; a method of action or procedure expressed or described in language; a project; as, the plan of a constitution; the plan of an expedition.

• Plan (noun)

A method; a way of procedure; a custom.

• Plan

To form a delineation of; to draught; to represent, as by a diagram.

• Plan

To scheme; to devise; to contrive; to form in design; as, to plan the conquest of a country.

• Map (noun)

A representation of the surface of the earth, or of some portion of it, showing the relative position of the parts represented; - usually on a flat surface. Also, such a representation of the celestial sphere, or of some part of it.

• Map (noun)

Anything which represents graphically a succession of events, states, or acts; as, an historical map.

• Map

To represent by a map; - often with out; as, to survey and map, or map out, a county. Hence, figuratively: To represent or indicate systematically and clearly; to sketch; to plan; as, to map, or map out, a journey; to map out business.

Webster Dictionary
• Plan (noun)

a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished;

"they drew up a six-step plan"

"they discussed plans for a new bond issue"

• Plan (noun)

an arrangement scheme;

"the awkward design of the keyboard made operation difficult"

"it was an excellent design for living"

"a plan for seating guests"

• Plan (noun)

scale drawing of a structure;

"the plans for City Hall were on file"

• Plan (verb)

have the will and intention to carry out some action;

"He plans to be in graduate school next year"

"The rebels had planned turmoil and confusion"

• Plan (verb)

make plans for something;

"He is planning a trip with his family"

• Plan (verb)

make or work out a plan for; devise;

"They contrived to murder their boss"

"design a new sales strategy"

"plan an attack"

• Plan (verb)

make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form;

"design a better mousetrap"

"plan the new wing of the museum"

• Map (noun)

a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it)

• Map (noun)

a function such that for every element of one set there is a unique element of another set

• Map (verb)

make a map of; show or establish the features of details of;

"map the surface of Venus"

• Map (verb)

explore or survey for the purpose of making a map;

"We haven't even begun to map the many galaxies that we know exist"

• Map (verb)

locate within a specific region of a chromosome in relation to known DNA or gene sequences;

"map the genes"

• Map (verb)

plan, delineate, or arrange in detail;

"map one's future"

• Map (verb)

depict as if on a map;

"sorrow was mapped on the mother's face"

• Map (verb)

to establish a mapping (of mathematical elements or sets)

Princeton's WordNet