(organic compound) Any of a class of organic compounds consisting of various numbers of amino acids in which the amine of one is reacted with the carboxylic acid of the next to form an amide bond.
(biochemistry) A globular protein that catalyses a biological chemical reaction.
(chemistry) The peptide bond itself.
(Christianity) leavened bread, as opposed to azyme
amide combining the amino group of one amino acid with the carboxyl group of another; usually obtained by partial hydrolysis of protein
A protein produced by a living organism, capable of catalyzing a chemical reaction. Almost all processes in living organisms require some form of enzyme to cause the reactions to occur at a rate sufficient to support life. There are a very wide variety of enzymes, each specifically catalyzing a different chemical reaction, the sum of which cause the bulk of the physiological changes observed as life processes. Enzymes, like most proteins, are synthesized by the protein-synthetic mechanism of the living cell, at special sites on ribosomes, using the genetic information in messenger RNA transcribed from the genetic instructions stored as nuleotide sequences in the DNA (or in some viruses, the RNA) of the genome. Some examples of enzymes are: pepsin, diastase, rennet, DNA polymerase, invertase, glucose oxidase, protease, and ribonuclease. There are many other types of enzyme.
Peptides (from Greek language πεπτός, peptós derived from πέσσειν, péssein ) are short chains of between two and fifty amino acids, linked by peptide bonds. Chains of fewer than ten or fifteen amino acids are called oligopeptides, and include dipeptides, tripeptides, and tetrapeptides.
‘digested’; ‘to digest’;
any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
Enzymes () are proteins that act as biological catalysts (biocatalysts). Catalysts accelerate chemical reactions.