Horse vs. Steed - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Horse

    The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of Equus ferus. It is an odd-toed ungulate mammal belonging to the taxonomic family Equidae. The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature, Eohippus, into the large, single-toed animal of today. Humans began domesticating horses around 4000 BC, and their domestication is believed to have been widespread by 3000 BC. Horses in the subspecies caballus are domesticated, although some domesticated populations live in the wild as feral horses. These feral populations are not true wild horses, as this term is used to describe horses that have never been domesticated, such as the endangered Przewalski's horse, a separate subspecies, and the only remaining true wild horse. There is an extensive, specialized vocabulary used to describe equine-related concepts, covering everything from anatomy to life stages, size, colors, markings, breeds, locomotion, and behavior. Horses' anatomy enables them to make use of speed to escape predators and they have a well-developed sense of balance and a strong fight-or-flight response. Related to this need to flee from predators in the wild is an unusual trait: horses are able to sleep both standing up and lying down, with younger horses tending to sleep significantly more than adults. Female horses, called mares, carry their young for approximately 11 months, and a young horse, called a foal, can stand and run shortly following birth. Most domesticated horses begin training under saddle or in harness between the ages of two and four. They reach full adult development by age five, and have an average lifespan of between 25 and 30 years. Horse breeds are loosely divided into three categories based on general temperament: spirited "hot bloods" with speed and endurance; "cold bloods", such as draft horses and some ponies, suitable for slow, heavy work; and "warmbloods", developed from crosses between hot bloods and cold bloods, often focusing on creating breeds for specific riding purposes, particularly in Europe. There are more than 300 breeds of horse in the world today, developed for many different uses. Horses and humans interact in a wide variety of sport competitions and non-competitive recreational pursuits, as well as in working activities such as police work, agriculture, entertainment, and therapy. Horses were historically used in warfare, from which a wide variety of riding and driving techniques developed, using many different styles of equipment and methods of control. Many products are derived from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares. Humans provide domesticated horses with food, water and shelter, as well as attention from specialists such as veterinarians and farriers.

Wiktionary

  • Horse (noun)

    Any of several animals related to Equus ferus caballus.

  • Horse (noun)

    A riding and draft work.

    "A cowboy's greatest friend is his horse."

  • Horse (noun)

    Any current or extinct animal of the family Equidae, including the zebra or the ass.

    "These bone features, distinctive in the zebra, are actually present in all horses."

  • Horse (noun)

    Cavalry soldiers (sometimes capitalized when referring to an official category).

    "We should place two units of horse and one of foot on this side of the field."

    "All the King's horses and all the King's men, couldn't put Humpty together again."

  • Horse (noun)

    The chess piece representing a knight, depicted as a horse.

    "Now just remind me how the horse moves again?"

  • Horse (noun)

    A large person.

    "Every linebacker they have is a real horse."

  • Horse (noun)

    Equipment with legs.

  • Horse (noun)

    A timber frame shaped like a horse, which soldiers were made to ride for punishment.

  • Horse (noun)

    In gymnastics, a piece of equipment with a body on two or four legs, approximately four feet high, sometimes (pommel horse) with two handles on top .

    "She's scored very highly with the parallel bars; let's see how she does with the horse."

  • Horse (noun)

    Type of equipment.

  • Horse (noun)

    A frame with legs, used to support something.

    "a clothes horse; a sawhorse"

  • Horse (noun)

    A rope stretching along a yard, upon which men stand when reefing or furling the sails; footrope.

  • Horse (noun)

    A breastband for a leadsman.

  • Horse (noun)

    An iron bar for a sheet traveller to slide upon.

  • Horse (noun)

    A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse (said of a vein) is to divide into branches for a distance.

  • Horse (noun)

    The sedative, antidepressant, and anxiolytic drug morphine, chiefly when used illicitly.

  • Horse (noun)

    An informal variant of basketball in which players match shots made by their opponent(s), each miss adding a letter to the word "horse", with 5 misses spelling the whole word and eliminating a player, until only the winner is left. Also HORSE, H-O-R-S-E or H.O.R.S.E. (see H-O-R-S-E).

  • Horse (noun)

    A translation or other illegitimate aid in study or examination.

  • Horse (noun)

    horseplay; tomfoolery

  • Horse (noun)

    Heroin drug.

    "Alright, mate, got any horse?"

  • Horse (verb)

    To frolic, to act mischievously. (Usually followed by "around".)

  • Horse (verb)

    To provide with a horse.

  • Horse (verb)

    To get on horseback.

  • Horse (verb)

    To sit astride of; to bestride.

  • Horse (verb)

    To copulate with (a mare).

  • Horse (verb)

    To take or carry on the back.

  • Horse (verb)

    To place on the back of another person, or on a wooden horse, etc., to be flogged; to subject to such punishment.

  • Steed (noun)

    A stallion, especially in the sense of mount.

    "The studded bridle on a ragged bough"

    "Nimbly she fastens: -- O, how quick is love! --"

    "The steed is stalled up, and even now"

    "To tie the rider she begins to prove:"

    "Backward she push'd him, as she would be thrust,"

    "And govern'd him in strength, though not in lust.'' — Shakespeare, [http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=text&offset=492282519&textreg=2&query=steed&id=MobVenu "Venus and Adonis".]"

  • Steed (noun)

    A bicycle.

Oxford Dictionary

  • Horse (noun)

    a large plant-eating domesticated mammal with solid hoofs and a flowing mane and tail, used for riding, racing, and to carry and pull loads.

  • Horse (noun)

    an adult male horse; a stallion or gelding.

  • Horse (noun)

    a wild mammal of the horse family.

  • Horse (noun)

    cavalry

    "forty horse and sixty foot"

  • Horse (noun)

    a frame or structure on which something is mounted or supported, especially a sawhorse.

  • Horse (noun)

    a horizontal bar, rail, or rope in the rigging of a sailing ship.

  • Horse (noun)

    short for vaulting horse

  • Horse (noun)

    a unit of horsepower

    "a 63-horse engine"

  • Horse (noun)

    heroin.

  • Horse (noun)

    an obstruction in a vein.

  • Horse (verb)

    provide (a person or vehicle) with a horse or horses

    "six men, horsed, masked, and armed"

  • Steed (noun)

    a horse being ridden or available for riding.

Webster Dictionary

  • Horse (noun)

    A hoofed quadruped of the genus Equus; especially, the domestic horse (Equus caballus), which was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period. It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below. The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base. Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on all its legs. The horse excels in strength, speed, docility, courage, and nobleness of character, and is used for drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.

  • Horse (noun)

    The male of the genus Equus, in distinction from the female or male; usually, a castrated male.

  • Horse (noun)

    Mounted soldiery; cavalry; - used without the plural termination; as, a regiment of horse; - distinguished from foot.

  • Horse (noun)

    A frame with legs, used to support something; as, a clotheshorse, a sawhorse, etc.

  • Horse (noun)

    A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers were made to ride for punishment.

  • Horse (noun)

    Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a horse; a hobby.

  • Horse (noun)

    A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse - said of a vein - is to divide into branches for a distance.

  • Horse (noun)

    See Footrope, a.

  • Horse (noun)

    A translation or other illegitimate aid in study or examination; - called also trot, pony, Dobbin.

  • Horse (noun)

    heroin.

  • Horse (noun)

    horsepower.

  • Horse

    To provide with a horse, or with horses; to mount on, or as on, a horse.

  • Horse

    To sit astride of; to bestride.

  • Horse

    To mate with (a mare); - said of the male.

  • Horse

    To take or carry on the back; as, the keeper, horsing a deer.

  • Horse

    To place on the back of another, or on a wooden horse, etc., to be flogged; to subject to such punishment.

  • Horse (verb)

    To get on horseback.

  • Steed (noun)

    A horse, especially a spirited horse for state or war; - used chiefly in poetry or stately prose.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Horse (noun)

    solid-hoofed herbivorous quadruped domesticated since prehistoric times

  • Horse (noun)

    a padded gymnastic apparatus on legs

  • Horse (noun)

    troops trained to fight on horseback;

    "500 horse led the attack"

  • Horse (noun)

    a framework for holding wood that is being sawed

  • Horse (noun)

    a chessman in the shape of a horse's head; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa)

  • Horse (verb)

    provide with a horse or horses

  • Steed (noun)

    (literary) a spirited horse for state or war

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