Introducing a clause which is the subject or object of a verb (such as one involving reported speech), or which is a complement to a previous statement.
‘He told me that the book is a good read.’; ‘I believe that it is true. — She is convinced that he is British.’;
plural of that
‘Those bolts go with these parts.’;
Introducing a subordinate clause expressing a reason or cause: because, in that.
‘Be glad that you have enough to eat.’;
plural of that
Introducing a subordinate clause that expresses an aim, purpose, or goal ("final"), and usually contains the auxiliaries may, might, or should: so, so that.
The plural of that. See That.
Introducing — especially, but not exclusively, with an antecedent like so or such — a subordinate clause expressing a result, consequence, or effect.
‘The noise was so loud that she woke up.’; ‘The problem was sufficiently important that it had to be addressed.’;
Introducing a premise or supposition for consideration: seeing as; inasmuch as; given that; as would appear from the fact that.
Introducing a subordinate clause modifying an adverb.
‘Was John there? — Not that I saw.’; ‘How often did she visit him? — Twice that I saw.’;
Introducing an exclamation expressing a desire or wish.
Introducing an exclamation expressing a strong emotion such as sadness or surprise.
The (thing, person, idea, etc) indicated or understood from context, especially if more remote physically, temporally or mentally than one designated as "this", or if expressing distinction.
‘That book is a good read. This one isn't.’; ‘That battle was in 1450.’; ‘That cat of yours is evil.’;
(demonstrative) The thing, person, idea, quality, event, action, or time indicated or understood from context, especially if more remote geographically, temporally or mentally than one designated as "this", or if expressing distinction.
‘He went home, and after that I never saw him again.’;
The known (thing); used to refer to something just said.
‘They're getting divorced. What do you think about that?’;
(demonstrative) The aforementioned quality; used together with a verb and pronoun to emphatically repeat a previous statement.
‘The water is so cold! — That it is.’;
(relative) (plural that) Which, who; representing a subject, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition.
‘The CPR course that she took really came in handy.’; ‘The house that he lived in was old and dilapidated.’;
(colloquial) Used in place of relative adverbs such as where or when; often omitted.
‘the place that [= where or to which] I went last year’; ‘the last time that [= when] I went to Europe’;
(degree) To a given extent or degree.
‘"The ribbon was that thin." "I disagree, I say it was not that thin, it was thicker... or maybe thinner..."’;
(degree) To a great extent or degree; very, particularly in negative constructions.
‘I'm just not that sick.’; ‘I did the run last year, and it wasn't that difficult.’;
To such an extent; so. in positive constructions.
‘Ooh, I was that happy I nearly kissed her.’;
(philosophy) Something being indicated that is there; one of those.
As a demonstrative pronoun (pl. Those), that usually points out, or refers to, a person or thing previously mentioned, or supposed to be understood. That, as a demonstrative, may precede the noun to which it refers; as, that which he has said is true; those in the basket are good apples.
‘The early fame of Gratian was equal to that of the most celebrated princes.’; ‘That be far from thee, to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked.’; ‘And when Moses heard that, he was content.’; ‘I will know your business, Harry, that I will.’; ‘Two principles in human nature reign;Self-love, to urge, and Reason, to restrain;Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call.’; ‘If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this or that.’;
As an adjective, that has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun.
‘It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.’; ‘The woman was made whole from that hour.’; ‘Upon a day out riden knightes two . . . That one of them came home, that other not.’;
As a relative pronoun, that is equivalent to who or which, serving to point out, and make definite, a person or thing spoken of, or alluded to, before, and may be either singular or plural.
‘He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame.’; ‘A judgment that is equal and impartial must incline to the greater probabilities.’; ‘We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen.’; ‘That I have done it is thyself to wite [blame].’; ‘The ship that somebody was sailing in.’; ‘I saw to-day a corpse yborn to churchThat now on Monday last I saw him wirche [work].’; ‘That that dieth, let it die; and that that is to cut off, let it be cut off.’;
As a conjunction, that retains much of its force as a demonstrative pronoun.
To introduce a clause employed as the object of the preceding verb, or as the subject or predicate nominative of a verb.
‘She tells them 't is a causeless fantasy,And childish error, that they are afraid.’; ‘I have shewed before, that a mere possibility to the contrary, can by no means hinder a thing from being highly credible.’;
As adverb: To such a degree; so; as, he was that frightened he could say nothing.
‘With singing, laughing, ogling, and all that.’; ‘The rank is but the guinea's stamp,The man's the gowd [gold] for a'that.’;
To introduce, a reason or cause; - equivalent to for that, in that, for the reason that, because.
‘He does hear me;And that he does, I weep.’;
To introduce a purpose; - usually followed by may, or might, and frequently preceded by so, in order, to the end, etc.
‘These things I say, that ye might be saved.’; ‘To the end that he may prolong his days.’;
To introduce a consequence, result, or effect; - usually preceded by so or such, sometimes by that.
‘The birds their notes renew, and bleating herdsAttest their joy, that hill and valley rings.’; ‘He gazed so longThat both his eyes were dazzled.’; ‘So wept Duessa until eventide,That shining lamps in Jove's high course were lit.’; ‘Is not this the dayThat Hermia should give answer of her choice?’;
In an elliptical sentence to introduce a dependent sentence expressing a wish, or a cause of surprise, indignation, or the like.
‘Ha, cousin Silence, that thou hadst seen that that this knight and I have seen!’; ‘O God, that right should thus overcome might!’; ‘To try if that our own be ours or no.’; ‘When he had carried Rome and that we lookedFor no less spoil than glory.’;
The function word that is used in the English language for several grammatical purposes.These include: as a complementizer/subordinating conjunction. () That can be omitted when used to introduce a subordinate clause— could just as easily be .
‘He asked that she go.’; ‘he told me that it is a good read’; ‘he told me it is a good read’;