Straight vs. Cisgender - What's the difference?


Cisgender (often abbreviated to simply cis) is a term for people whose gender identity matches the sex that they were assigned at birth. Cisgender may also be defined as those who have "a gender identity or perform a gender role society considers appropriate for one's sex". It is the opposite of the term transgender. Related terms include cissexism and cisnormativity.

Straight vs. Cisgender


Table of contents

1. Etymology
          3.1. Synonyms
          3.2. Antonyms
          3.3. Hyponyms
          3.4. Related terms


1. Alternative forms

  • streight (obsolete)

2. Etymology

From Middle English streight, streght, streiȝt, the past participle of strechen (to stretch), from Old English streċċan, streccan (past participle ġestreaht, ġestreht), from Proto-Germanic *strakjaną, *strakkijaną (to stretch).

3. Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɹeɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt
  • Homophone: strait

4. Adjective

straight (comparative straighter, superlative straightest)

  1. Not crooked or bent; having a constant direction throughout its length. [from 14thc.]
    • 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility:
      I do not like crooked, twisted, blasted trees. I admire them much more if they are tall, straight and flourishing.
    • “Heavens!” exclaimed Nina, “the blue-stocking and the fogy!—and yours are pale blue, Eileen!—you’re about as self-conscious as Drina—slumping there with your hair tumbling à la Mérode! Oh, it's very picturesque, of course, but a straight spine and good grooming is better. []
    • 2011, Adharanand Finn, The Guardian, 22 March:
      The other people, I presume, are supposed to be standing to attention, but they're all smiling at me. The lines are not even straight.
    1. Of a path, trajectory, etc.: direct, undeviating. [from 15thc.]
      • 1913, John Fox, Jr., The Kentuckians, page 185:
        Now, as the world knows, the straightest way to the heart of the honest voter is through the women of the land, and the straightest way to the heart of the women is through the children of the land; and one method of winning both, with rural politicians, is to kiss the babies wide and far.
      • 2000, Allan Wood, Babe Ruth and the 1918 Red Sox, page 293:
        He had no time to set himself, but his throw was straight and true. Pick slid in, spikes high, and Schang tagged him in the ribs a foot or two from the plate.
    2. Perfectly horizontal or vertical; not diagonal or oblique. [from 17thc.]
      • 2004, Chris Weston, 500 Digital Photography Hints, Tips, and Techniques:
        There's nothing more annoying than taking a great picture, only to find that the horizon isn't straight.
    3. (obsolete) Stretched out; fully extended. [15th-16thc.]
  2. (obsolete, rare) Strait; narrow.
    • Sir John Mandeville (c.1350)
      Egypt is a long country, but it is straight, that is to say, narrow.
  3. Free from dishonesty; honest, law-abiding. [from 16th c.]
    • 1879, Anthony Trollope, John Caldigate:
      ‘It wasn't the proper thing, squoire. It wasn't straight.’
  4. Direct in communication; unevasive, straightforward. [from 19thc.]
    • 2003, Rosie Cowan, The Guardian, 24 April:
      Tony Blair issued a direct challenge to the IRA yesterday when he demanded they give straight answers to three simple questions [].
  5. In a row, in unbroken sequence. [from 19thc.]
    • 2008, "Bad vibrations", The Economist, 30 October:
      As of October 29th, three-month dollar Libor (the rate at which banks borrow from each other) had fallen for 13 straight days and was nearly one-and-a-half percentage points below its October 10th level.
  6. In proper order; as it should be. [from 19thc.]
    • 2007, Grant Allen, What's Bred in the Bone, page 140:
      Oh, music, how he loved it; it seemed to set everything straight all at once in his head.
    • 2010, Paul Gallagher, The Observer, 15 August:
      "If you wonder why folks can't take the news seriously, here's Exhibit A," said one blogger. "Lord Jesus, how can the reporter file this story with a straight face?"
  7. Of spirits: undiluted, unmixed; neat. [from 19thc.]
    • 2003, Ron Jordan, Considerations:
      Real cowboys know how to rope, ride a horse and drink whisky straight.
    • 2003, Lowell Edmunds, Martini, Straight Up, page 94:
      The Martini is still in belief, if not in fact, the centerpiece of a rite, and people who would not drink straight gin on the rocks will drink straight gin on the rocks if it is called a Martini.
  8. (cricket) Describing the bat as held so as not to incline to either side; on, or near a line running between the two wickets. [from 19thc.]
    • 2011, Alan Gardner & Barney Ronay, The Guardian, 15 March:
      Steyn continues and it's all a bit more orderly down his end as O'Brien defends the first three balls with a straight bat and a respectful dip of the head.
  9. (tennis) Describing the sets in a match of which the winner did not lose a single set. [from 19thc.]
    • 2011, Press Association, 10 February:
      Murray started well against Marcos Baghdatis before slumping to defeat in straight sets and the British No1 admitted he may not have been mentally prepared for the rigours of the ATP Tour after a gruelling start to 2011.
  10. (US, politics) Making no exceptions or deviations in one's support of the organization and candidates of a political party.
  11. (US, politics) Containing the names of all the regularly nominated candidates of a party and no others.
  12. (colloquial) Conventional, mainstream, socially acceptable. [from 20thc.]
    • 1994, Jarvis Cocker, ‘Do You Remember the First Time?’:
      You say you've got to go home. Well at least there's someone there that you can talk to. And you never have to face up to the night on your own. Jesus, it must be great to be straight.
    • 1998, Eileen Fitzpatrick & Dominic Pride, Billboard, 17 October 1998:
      ‘Her last album was a bit too straight,’ he says, ‘but this one puts her in a more contemporary framework and softens her music.’
  13. (fashion) Not plus size; thin.
    the shirts only come in straight sizes, not in plus sizes; shopping at a straight-sized store
  14. (colloquial) Not using alcohol, drugs, etc. [from 20thc.]
    • 1989, Gus Van Sant, Drugstore Cowboy:
      For all the boredom the straight life brings, it's not too bad.
    • 2001, Ruella Frank, Body of Evidence, page 28:
      ‘Alex's dad used a lot of drugs. He's been straight for years now, but it took a long time for him to be able to deal with his feelings.’
  15. (colloquial) Heterosexual.
    • 2007, Layla Kumari, The Guardian, 17 September:
      Some of my friends – gay and straight – seem unable to understand the close but platonic nature of my and Gian's relationship, but have been supportive.
    • 2011, Jodi Picoult, Sing You Home, page 273:
      Angela smiles. ‘I'm straight, Zoe, and I'm happily married.’
  16. (sciences, mathematics) concerning the property allowing the parallel-transport of vectors along a course that keeps tangent vectors remain tangent vectors throughout that course (a course which is straight, a straight curve, is a geodesic)

4.1. Usage notes

  • Straight is sometimes humorously used as meaning low quality by homosexuals and bisexuals, rather than gay.

4.2. Antonyms

  • bent
  • crooked
  • curved

5. Adverb

straight (comparative more straight, superlative most straight)

  1. Of a direction relative to the subject, precisely; as if following a direct line.
    The door will be straight ahead of you.
    Go straight back.
  2. Directly; without pause, delay or detour.
    On arriving at work, he went straight to his office.
    • Addison
      I know thy generous temper well; / Fling but the appearance of dishonour on it, / It straight takes fire, and mounts into a blaze.
  3. Continuously; without interruption or pause.
    He claims he can hold his breath for three minutes straight.

6. Noun

straight (plural straights)

  1. Something that is not crooked or bent such as a part of a road or track.
  2. (poker) Five cards in sequence.
  3. (colloquial) A heterosexual.
    My friends call straights "heteros".
  4. (slang) A normal person; someone in mainstream society.
  5. (slang) A cigarette, particularly one containing tobacco instead of marijuana. Also straighter. [from 20th c.]
    • [1923, J[oseph] Manchon, Le slang : lexique de l'anglais familier et vulgaire : précédé d'une étude sur la pronunciation et la grammaire populaires, p. 296:
      A straight = a straighter = a straight cut, une cigarette en tabac de Virginie.]

6.1. Synonyms

  • (heterosexual): hetero, breeder
  • (normal person): see Thesaurus:mainstreamer

7. Verb

straight (third-person singular simple present straights, present participle straighting, simple past and past participle straighted)

  1. (transitive) To straighten.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of A. Smith to this entry?)

8. See also


1. Etymology

From cis- +‎ gender, by analogy with transgender.

2. Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /sɪsˈdʒɛndɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /sɪsˈdʒɛndə/

3. Adjective

cisgender (not comparable)

  1. Having a gender (identity) which matches the sex one was assigned at birth; or, pertaining to such people. [from 20th c.]
    • 2009, Renee Martin, The Guardian, 25 April:
      To uphold the inequality that we choose to engage in, we regularly present the myth that trans people are deviant or a danger to cisgender people.

3.1. Synonyms

  • cisgendered (uncommon)

3.2. Antonyms

  • transgender
  • genderqueer (bigender/ambigender or agender/genderfree)
  • third-gender
  • genderfluid

3.3. Hyponyms

  • cishet
  • cis
  • cissexual
  • cis man, cis person, cis woman
  • cis female, cis male
  • cisphobia, cisphobic

4. Noun

cisgender (plural cisgenders)

  1. A cisgender person.

5. See also

  • intersex

6. Anagrams

  • recedings, screeding
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