Shallop vs. Sloop



(archaic) A kind of light boat; a dinghy.


(nautical) A single-masted sailboat with only one headsail.


(archaic) A kind of large boat; a sloop.


(military) A sailing warship, smaller than a frigate, with its guns all on one deck.


A boat.

‘[She] thrust the shallop from the floating strand.’;


A sloop of war, smaller than a frigate, larger than a corvette.


Shallop is a name used for several types of boats and small ships (French chaloupe) used for coastal navigation from the seventeenth century. Originally smaller boats based on the chalupa, the watercraft named this ranged from small boats a little larger than a banks dory to gunboats.


A vessel having one mast and fore-and-aft rig, consisting of a boom-and-gaff mainsail, jibs, staysail, and gaff topsail. The typical sloop has a fixed bowsprit, topmast, and standing rigging, while those of a cutter are capable of being readily shifted. The sloop usually carries a centerboard, and depends for stability upon breadth of beam rather than depth of keel. The two types have rapidly approximated since 1880. One radical distinction is that a sloop may carry a centerboard. See Cutter, and Illustration in Appendix.


In modern usage, a sailing vessel having one mast, commonly with a Bermuda rig, with either a center-board or a keel. In the United States, a sloop may have one or two headsails, while in Western Europe and Great Britain a sloop has only one headsail.


a sailing vessel with a single mast set about one third of the boat's length aft of the bow


A sloop is a sailboat with a single mast typically having only one headsail in front of the mast and one mainsail aft of (behind) the mast. Such an arrangement is called a fore-and-aft rig, and can be rigged as a Bermuda rig with triangular sails fore and aft, or as a gaff-rig with triangular foresail(s) and a gaff rigged mainsail.

Shallop Illustrations

Sloop Illustrations

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