VS.

Retain vs. Sustain

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Wikipedia
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  • Retain (verb)

    To keep in possession or use.

  • Retain (verb)

    To keep in one's pay or service.

  • Retain (verb)

    To employ by paying a retainer.

  • Retain (verb)

    To hold secure.

  • Retain (verb)

    To restrain; to prevent.

  • Retain (verb)

    To belong; to pertain.

  • Sustain (verb)

    To maintain, or keep in existence.

    "The professor had trouble sustaining students’ interest until the end of her lectures."

    "The city came under sustained attack by enemy forces."

  • Sustain (verb)

    To provide for or nourish.

    "provisions to sustain an army"

  • Sustain (verb)

    To encourage (something). en

  • Sustain (verb)

    To experience or suffer (an injury, etc.).

    "The building sustained major damage in the earthquake."

  • Sustain (verb)

    To confirm, prove, or corroborate; to uphold.

    "to sustain a charge, an accusation, or a proposition"

  • Sustain (verb)

    To keep from falling; to bear; to uphold; to support.

    "A foundation sustains the superstructure; an animal sustains a load; a rope sustains a weight."

  • Sustain (verb)

    To aid, comfort, or relieve; to vindicate.

  • Sustain (noun)

    A mechanism which can be used to hold a note, as the right pedal on a piano.

Wiktionary
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Oxford Dictionary
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  • Retain

    To continue to hold; to keep in possession; not to lose, part with, or dismiss; to restrain from departure, escape, or the like.

  • Retain

    To keep in pay; to employ by a preliminary fee paid; to hire; to engage; as, to retain a counselor.

  • Retain

    To restrain; to prevent.

  • Retain (verb)

    To belong; to pertain.

  • Retain (verb)

    To keep; to continue; to remain.

  • Sustain

    To keep from falling; to bear; to uphold; to support; as, a foundation sustains the superstructure; a beast sustains a load; a rope sustains a weight.

  • Sustain

    Hence, to keep from sinking, as in despondence, or the like; to support.

  • Sustain

    To maintain; to keep alive; to support; to subsist; to nourish; as, provisions to sustain an army.

  • Sustain

    To aid, comfort, or relieve; to vindicate.

  • Sustain

    To endure without failing or yielding; to bear up under; as, to sustain defeat and disappointment.

  • Sustain

    To suffer; to bear; to undergo.

  • Sustain

    To allow the prosecution of; to admit as valid; to sanction; to continue; not to dismiss or abate; as, the court sustained the action or suit.

  • Sustain

    To prove; to establish by evidence; to corroborate or confirm; to be conclusive of; as, to sustain a charge, an accusation, or a proposition.

  • Sustain (noun)

    One who, or that which, upholds or sustains; a sustainer.

Webster Dictionary
  • Retain (verb)

    hold within;

    "This soil retains water"

    "I retain this drug for a long time"

  • Retain (verb)

    allow to remain in a place or position;

    "We cannot continue several servants any longer"

    "She retains a lawyer"

    "The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff"

    "Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on"

    "We kept the work going as long as we could"

  • Retain (verb)

    secure and keep for possible future use or application;

    "The landlord retained the security deposit"

    "I reserve the right to disagree"

  • Retain (verb)

    keep in one's mind;

    "I cannot retain so much information"

  • Sustain (verb)

    lengthen or extend in duration or space;

    "We sustained the diplomatic negociations as long as possible"

    "prolong the treatment of the patient"

    "keep up the good work"

  • Sustain (verb)

    undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);

    "She suffered a fracture in the accident"

    "He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"

    "She got a bruise on her leg"

    "He got his arm broken in the scuffle"

  • Sustain (verb)

    provide with nourishment;

    "We sustained ourselves on bread and water"

    "This kind of food is not nourishing for young children"

  • Sustain (verb)

    supply with necessities and support;

    "She alone sustained her family"

    "The money will sustain our good cause"

    "There's little to earn and many to keep"

  • Sustain (verb)

    be the physical support of; carry the weight of;

    "The beam holds up the roof"

    "He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam"

    "What's holding that mirror?"

  • Sustain (verb)

    admit as valid;

    "The court sustained the motion"

  • Sustain (verb)

    establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts;

    "his story confirmed my doubts"

    "The evidence supports the defendant"

Princeton's WordNet

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