Pogonology vs. Beard - What's the difference?

Pogonology

A beard is the collection of hair that grows on the chin, upper lip, cheeks and neck of humans and some non-human animals. In humans, usually only pubescent or adult males are able to grow beards. However, women with hirsutism, a hormonal condition of excessive hairiness, may develop a beard. Throughout the course of history, societal attitudes toward male beards have varied widely depending on factors such as prevailing cultural-religious traditions and the current era's fashion trends. Some religions (such as Islam and Sikhism) have considered a full beard to be absolutely essential for all males able to grow one, and mandate it as part of their official dogma. Other cultures, even while not officially mandating it, view a beard as central to a man's virility, exemplifying such virtues as wisdom, strength, sexual prowess and high social status. However, in cultures where facial hair is uncommon (or currently out of fashion), beards may be associated with poor hygiene or a "savage," uncivilized, or even dangerous demeanor.

Beard

A beard is the collection of hair that grows on the chin and cheeks of humans and some animals. In humans, usually only pubescent or adult males are able to grow beards. From an evolutionary viewpoint the beard is a part of the broader category of androgenic hair. It is a vestigial trait from a time when humans had hair on their face and entire body like the hair on gorillas. The evolutionary loss of hair is pronounced in some populations such as indigenous Americans and some east Asian populations, who have less facial hair, whereas people of European or South Asian ancestry and the Ainu have more facial hair. Societal attitudes toward male beards have varied widely depending on factors such as prevailing cultural-religious traditions and the current era's fashion trends. Some religions (such as Sikhism) have considered a full beard to be essential for all males able to grow one, and mandate it as part of their official dogma. Other cultures, even while not officially mandating it, view a beard as central to a man's virility, exemplifying such virtues as wisdom, strength, sexual prowess and high social status. However, in cultures where facial hair is uncommon (or currently out of fashion), beards may be associated with poor hygiene or a "savage", uncivilized, or even dangerous demeanor.

Pogonology vs. Beard

Pogonology

Table of contents

1. Etymology

Pogonology

1. Etymology

pogono- +‎ -ology

2. Noun

pogonology (uncountable)

  1. (rare) The study of beards.

Beard

1. Etymology

From Middle English berd, bard, bærd, from Old English beard, from Proto-Germanic *bardaz (compare West Frisian burd, Dutch baard, German Bart), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰardʰeh₂ (compare Latin barba, Lithuanian barzda, Russian борода́ (borodá)).

2. Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /bɪəd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /bɪɹd/, /biɚd/
  • Rhymes: -ɪə(r)d

3. Noun

beard (plural beards)

  1. Facial hair on the chin, cheeks, jaw and neck.
  2. The cluster of small feathers at the base of the beak in some birds.
  3. The appendages to the jaw in some cetaceans, and to the mouth or jaws of some fishes.
  4. The byssus of certain shellfish.
  5. The gills of some bivalves, such as the oyster.
  6. In insects, the hairs of the labial palpi of moths and butterflies.
  7. (botany) Long or stiff hairs on a plant; the awn.
    the beard of grain
  8. A barb or sharp point of an arrow or other instrument, projecting backward to prevent the head from being easily drawn out.
  9. That part of the underside of a horse's lower jaw which is above the chin, and bears the curb of a bridle.
  10. (printing, dated) That part of a type which is between the shoulder of the shank and the face.
  11. (LGBT, slang) A fake customer or companion, especially a woman who accompanies a gay male in order to give the impression that he is heterosexual.

3.1. Derived terms

  • bearded
  • beardless
  • beard-second
  • nosebeard

4. Verb

beard (third-person singular simple present beards, present participle bearding, simple past and past participle bearded)

  1. (obsolete) To grow hair on the chin and jaw.
  2. To boldly and bravely oppose or confront, often to the chagrin of the one being bearded.
    Robin Hood is always shown as bearding the Sheriff of Nottingham.
    • Macaulay
      No admiral, bearded by three corrupt and dissolute minions of the palace, dared to do more than mutter something about a court martial.
    • Crockett Johnson Barnaby, December 6, 1943
      We need all our operatives to insure the success of my plan to beard this Claus in his den...
    • Ross Macdonald, The Chill, 1963, pg.92, Vintage Crime/Black Lizard
      . . . I bearded the judge in his chambers and told him that it shouldn't be allowed.
  3. (transitive) To take by the beard; to seize, pluck, or pull the beard of (a man), in anger or contempt.
  4. (transitive) To deprive (an oyster or similar shellfish) of the gills.

4.1. Derived terms

  • beard the lion, beard the lion in his den

5. See also

  • beard on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • goatee
  • hair
  • merkin
  • moustache, mustache
  • pogonophobia
  • sideburns, sideboards
  • whiskers
  • awn

6. Anagrams

  • Breda, Debar, Debra, ardeb, bared, bread, debar

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