Pneumothorax vs. Hemothorax



(medicine) Presence of air inside the pleural cavity, usually caused by injury either to the lung or the chest wall.


(medicine) A condition resulting from accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity.


A condition in which air or other gas is present in the cavity of the chest; - called also pneumatothorax.


An effusion of blood into the cavity of the pleura.


abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a treatment for tuberculosis)


accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)


A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air in the pleural space between the lung and the chest wall. Symptoms typically include sudden onset of sharp, one-sided chest pain and shortness of breath.


A hemothorax (derived from hemo- [blood] + thorax [chest], plural hemothoraces) is an accumulation of blood within the pleural cavity. The symptoms of a hemothorax may include chest pain and difficulty breathing, while the clinical signs may include reduced breath sounds on the affected side and a rapid heart rate.

Pneumothorax Illustrations

Hemothorax Illustrations

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