VS.

Phrase vs. Idiom

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Phrasenoun

A short written or spoken expression.

Idiomnoun

A manner of speaking, a mode of expression peculiar to a language, person, or group of people.

Phrasenoun

(grammar) A word or group of words that functions as a single unit in the syntax of a sentence, usually consisting of a head, or central word, and elaborating words.

Idiomnoun

A language or language variety; specifically, a restricted dialect used in a given historical period, context etc.

Phrasenoun

(music) A small section of music in a larger piece.

Idiomnoun

An established expression whose meaning is not deducible from the literal meanings of its component words, often peculiar to a given language.

Phrasenoun

(archaic) A mode or form of speech; diction; expression.

Idiomnoun

An artistic style (for example, in art, architecture, or music); an instance of such a style.

Phraseverb

(transitive) To express (an action, thought or idea) by means of particular words.

‘I wasn't sure how to phrase my condolences without sounding patronising.’;

Idiomnoun

(programming) A programming construct or phraseology that is characteristic of the language.

Phraseverb

To perform a passage with the correct phrasing.

Idiomnoun

The syntactical or structural form peculiar to any language; the genius or cast of a language.

‘Idiom may be employed loosely and figuratively as a synonym of language or dialect, but in its proper sense it signifies the totality of the general rules of construction which characterize the syntax of a particular language and distinguish it from other tongues.’; ‘By idiom is meant the use of words which is peculiar to a particular language.’; ‘He followed their language [the Latin], but did not comply with the idiom of ours.’;

Phraseverb

To divide into melodic phrases.

Idiomnoun

An expression conforming or appropriate to the peculiar structural form of a language.

‘Some that with care true eloquence shall teach,And to just idioms fix our doubtful speech.’;

Phrasenoun

A brief expression, sometimes a single word, but usually two or more words forming an expression by themselves, or being a portion of a sentence; as, an adverbial phrase.

‘"Convey" the wise it call. "Steal!" foh! a fico for the phrase.’;

Idiomnoun

A combination of words having a meaning peculiar to itself and not predictable as a combination of the meanings of the individual words, but sanctioned by usage; as, an idiomatic expression; less commonly, a single word used in a peculiar sense.

‘It is not by means of rules that such idioms as the following are made current: "I can make nothing of it." "He treats his subject home." Dryden. "It is that within us that makes for righteousness." M. Arnold.’; ‘Sometimes we identify the words with the object - though by courtesy of idiom rather than in strict propriety of language.’;

Phrasenoun

A short, pithy expression; especially, one which is often employed; a peculiar or idiomatic turn of speech; as, to err is human.

Idiomnoun

The phrase forms peculiar to a particular author; as, written in his own idiom.

‘Every good writer has much idiom.’;

Phrasenoun

A mode or form of speech; the manner or style in which any one expreses himself; diction; expression.

‘Thou speak'stIn better phrase and matter than thou didst.’;

Idiomnoun

Dialect; a variant form of a language.

Phrasenoun

A short clause or portion of a period.

Idiomnoun

a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language

Phraseverb

To express in words, or in peculiar words; to call; to style.

Idiomnoun

the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people;

‘the immigrants spoke an odd dialect of English’; ‘he has a strong German accent’;

Phraseverb

To use proper or fine phrases.

Idiomnoun

the style of a particular artist or school or movement;

‘an imaginative orchestral idiom’;

Phraseverb

To group notes into phrases; as, he phrases well. See Phrase, n., 4.

Idiomnoun

an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up

Phrasenoun

an expression forming a grammatical constituent of a sentence but not containing a finite verb

Idiomnoun

a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g. over the moon, see the light).

Phrasenoun

a short musical passage

Idiomnoun

a form of expression natural to a language, person, or group of people

‘he had a feeling for phrase and idiom’;

Phrasenoun

an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up

Idiomnoun

the dialect of a people or part of a country.

Phraseverb

put into words or an expression;

‘He formulated his concerns to the board of trustees’;

Idiomnoun

a characteristic mode of expression in music or art

‘they were both working in a neo-impressionist idiom’;

Phrase

In syntax and grammar, a phrase is a group of words which act together as a grammatical unit. For instance, the English expression is a noun phrase which contains the adjective phrase .

‘the very happy squirrel’; ‘very happy’;

Idiom

An idiom is a phrase or expression that typically presents a figurative, non-literal meaning attached to the phrase; but some phrases become figurative idioms while retaining the literal meaning of the phrase. Categorized as formulaic language, an idiom's figurative meaning is different from the literal meaning.

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