VS.

Paradox vs. Analogy

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Paradoxnoun

An apparently self-contradictory statement, which can only be true if it is false, and vice versa.u

‘"This sentence is false" is a paradox.’;

Analogynoun

A relationship of resemblance or equivalence between two situations, people, or objects, especially when used as a basis for explanation or extrapolation.

Paradoxnoun

A counterintuitive conclusion or outcome.s

‘It is an interesting paradox that drinking a lot of water can often make you feel thirsty.’;

Analogynoun

A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden.

Paradoxnoun

A claim that two apparently contradictory ideas are true.t

‘Not having a fashion is a fashion; that's a paradox.’;

Analogynoun

A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different.

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Paradoxnoun

A thing involving contradictory yet interrelated elements that exist simultaneously and persist over time.

Analogynoun

Proportion; equality of ratios.

Paradoxnoun

A person or thing having contradictory properties.t

‘He is a paradox; you would not expect him in that political party.’;

Analogynoun

Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly.

Paradoxnoun

An unanswerable question or difficult puzzle, particularly one which leads to a deeper truth. s

Analogynoun

an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others

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Paradoxnoun

(obsolete) A statement which is difficult to believe, or which goes against general belief.

Analogynoun

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect;

‘the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain’; ‘the models show by analogy how matter is built up’;

Paradoxnoun

(uncountable) The use of counterintuitive or contradictory statements (paradoxes) in speech or writing.

Analogynoun

the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate

Paradoxnoun

A state in which one is logically compelled to contradict oneself.

Analogynoun

a comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification

‘he interprets logical functions by analogy with machines’; ‘an analogy between the workings of nature and those of human societies’;

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Paradoxnoun

The practice of giving instructions that are opposed to the therapist's actual intent, with the intention that the client will disobey or be unable to obey.s

Analogynoun

a correspondence or partial similarity

‘the syndrome is called deep dysgraphia because of its analogy to deep dyslexia’;

Paradoxnoun

A tenet or proposition contrary to received opinion; an assertion or sentiment seemingly contradictory, or opposed to common sense; that which in appearance or terms is absurd, but yet may be true in fact.

‘A gloss there is to color that paradox, and make it appear in show not to be altogether unreasonable.’; ‘This was sometime a paradox, but now the time gives it proof.’;

Analogynoun

a thing which is comparable to something else in significant respects

‘works of art were seen as an analogy for works of nature’;

Paradoxnoun

(logic) a self-contradiction;

‘`I always lie' is a paradox because if it is true it must be false’;

Analogynoun

a process of arguing from similarity in known respects to similarity in other respects

‘argument from analogy’;

Paradoxnoun

a seemingly absurd or contradictory statement or proposition which when investigated may prove to be well founded or true

‘the uncertainty principle leads to all sorts of paradoxes, like the particles being in two places at once’;

Analogynoun

a process by which new words and inflections are created on the basis of regularities in the form of existing ones.

Paradoxnoun

a statement or proposition which, despite sound (or apparently sound) reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems logically unacceptable or self-contradictory

‘Parmenides was the original advocate of the philosophical power of paradox’; ‘the liar paradox’;

Analogynoun

the resemblance of function between organs that have a different evolutionary origin.

Paradoxnoun

a person or thing that combines contradictory features or qualities

‘cathedrals face the paradox of having enormous wealth in treasures but huge annual expenses’;

Analogy

Analogy (from Greek ἀναλογία, analogia, , from ana- [also , ] + logos [also ]) is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analog, or source) to another (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, in which at least one of the premises, or the conclusion, is general rather than particular in nature.

‘proportion’; ‘upon, according to’; ‘against’; ‘anew’; ‘ratio’; ‘word, speech, reckoning’;

Paradox

A paradox is a logically self-contradictory statement or a statement that runs contrary to one's expectation. It is a statement that, despite apparently valid reasoning from true premises, leads to a seemingly self-contradictory or a logically unacceptable conclusion.

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