Paprika vs. Pepper - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Paprika

    Paprika (US English more commonly (listen), British English more commonly (listen)) is a ground spice made from dried red fruits of the larger and sweeter varieties of the plant Capsicum annuum, called bell pepper or sweet pepper. The most common variety used for making paprika is tomato pepper, sometimes with the addition of more pungent varieties, called chili peppers, and cayenne pepper. In many languages, but not English, the word paprika also refers to the plant and the fruit from which the spice is made. Paprika originates from Central America, in particular Central Mexico, where it has been cultivated for centuries. The peppers were subsequently introductions to the Old World, when paprika was later brought to Spain in the 16th century. The seasoning is also used to add color to many types of dishes, and is nowadays associated with cuisines as diverse as those of Argentinian, Spanish, Moroccan and Hungarian cuisine. The trade in paprika expanded from the Iberian Peninsula to Africa and Asia, and ultimately reached Central Europe through the Balkans, then under Ottoman rule, which explains the Hungarian origin of the English term. In Spanish, paprika has been known as pimentón since the 16th century, when it became a typical ingredient in the cuisine of western Extremadura. Despite its presence in Central Europe since the beginning of Ottoman conquests, it did not become popular in Hungary until the late 19th century.Paprika can range from mild to hot – the flavor also varies from country to country – but almost all plants grown produce the sweet variety. Sweet paprika is mostly composed of the pericarp, with more than half of the seeds removed, whereas hot paprika contains some seeds, stalks, placentas, and calyces. The red, orange or yellow color of paprika is due to its content of carotenoids.

Wiktionary

  • Paprika (noun)

    Powdered spice made from dried and ground fruits of sweet pepper (bell pepper) or chili pepper (cultivars of Capsicum annuum), or mixtures of these (used especially in Hungarian cooking).

  • Paprika (noun)

    A variety of the spice.

  • Paprika (noun)

    A dried but not yet ground fruit of sweet pepper (bell pepper) or chili pepper sold for use as a spice.

  • Paprika (noun)

    A bright reddish orange colour resembling that of the ground spice.

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  • Paprika (adjective)

    Of a bright reddish orange colour, like that of the dried paprika.

  • Pepper (noun)

    A plant of the family Piperaceae.

  • Pepper (noun)

    A spice prepared from the fermented, dried, unripe berries of this plant.

  • Pepper (noun)

    A bell pepper, a fruit of the capsicum plant: red, green, yellow or white, hollow and containing seeds, and in very spicy and mild varieties.Surely "pepper" covers all varieties as in most of this definition, while "bell pepper" and "capsicum" only refer to the large roundish mild varieties specifically

  • Pepper (noun)

    A game used by baseball players to warm up where fielders standing close to a batter rapidly return the batted ball to be hit again

    "Some ballparks have signs saying "No pepper games"."

  • Pepper (noun)

    A randomly-generated value that is added to another value (such as a password) prior to hashing. Unlike a salt, a new one is generated for each value and it is held separately from the value.

  • Pepper (verb)

    To add pepper to.

  • Pepper (verb)

    To strike with something made up of small particles.

  • Pepper (verb)

    To cover with lots of (something made up of small things).

    "After the hailstorm, the beach was peppered with holes."

  • Pepper (verb)

    To add (something) at frequent intervals.

    "He liked to pepper his conversation with long words."

Oxford Dictionary

  • Paprika (noun)

    a powdered spice with a deep orange-red colour and a mildly pungent flavour, made from the dried and ground fruits of certain varieties of pepper.

  • Paprika (noun)

    a deep orange-red colour.

Webster Dictionary

  • Paprika (noun)

    The dried ripened fruit of Capsicum annuum or various other species of pepper; also, the mildly pungent condiment prepared from it.

  • Pepper (noun)

    A well-known, pungently aromatic condiment, the dried berry, either whole or powdered, of the Piper nigrum.

  • Pepper (noun)

    The plant which yields pepper, an East Indian woody climber (Piper nigrum), with ovate leaves and apetalous flowers in spikes opposite the leaves. The berries are red when ripe. Also, by extension, any one of the several hundred species of the genus Piper, widely dispersed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the earth.

  • Pepper (noun)

    Any plant of the genus Capsicum (of the Solanaceae family, which are unrelated to Piper), and its fruit; red pepper; chili pepper; as, the bell pepper and the jalapeno pepper (both Capsicum annuum) and the habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense); . These contain varying levels of the substance capsaicin (C18H27O3N), which gives the peppers their hot taste. The habanero is about 25-50 times hotter than the jalapeno according to a scale developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1912. See also Capsicum and http://www.chili-pepper-plants.com/.

  • Pepper

    To sprinkle or season with pepper.

  • Pepper

    Figuratively: To shower shot or other missiles, or blows, upon; to pelt; to fill with shot, or cover with bruises or wounds; as, to pepper him with buckshot.

  • Pepper (verb)

    To fire numerous shots (at).

Princeton's WordNet

  • Paprika (noun)

    plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers

  • Paprika (noun)

    a mild powdered seasoning made from dried pimientos

  • Pepper (noun)

    climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam

  • Pepper (noun)

    any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers

  • Pepper (noun)

    pungent seasoning from the berry of the common pepper plant of East India; use whole or ground

  • Pepper (noun)

    sweet and hot varieties of fruits of plants of the genus Capsicum

  • Pepper (verb)

    add pepper to;

    "pepper the soup"

  • Pepper (verb)

    attack and bombard with or as if with missiles;

    "pelt the speaker with questions"

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