Oriental vs. Occidental - What's the difference?

Wiktionary

  • Oriental (adjective)

    alternative case form of Oriental

  • Oriental (noun)

    alternative case form of Oriental

  • Occidental (adjective)

    Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western. from 16th c.

    "occidental climates, or customs; an occidental planet."

  • Occidental (adjective)

    Of a gem or precious stone: of inferior value or quality. from 18th c.

  • Occidental (noun)

    A Western Christian of the Latin rite

Oxford Dictionary

  • Oriental (adjective)

    of, from, or characteristic of Asia, especially East Asia

    "oriental countries"

    "oriental rugs"

  • Oriental (adjective)

    relating to or denoting a zoogeographical region comprising Asia south of the Himalayas and Indonesia west of Wallace's line. Distinctive animals include pandas, gibbons, tree shrews, tarsiers, and moonrats.

  • Oriental (adjective)

    (of a pearl or other jewel) orient.

  • Oriental (noun)

    a person of East Asian descent.

  • Occidental (adjective)

    relating to the countries of the West

    "modern occidental society"

  • Occidental (noun)

    a native or inhabitant of the West

    "he was gently apologetic when confronted by an angry Occidental"

Webster Dictionary

  • Oriental (adjective)

    Of or pertaining to the orient or east; eastern; concerned with the East or Orientalism; - opposed to occidental; as, Oriental countries.

  • Oriental (noun)

    A native or inhabitant of the Orient or some Eastern part of the world; an Asiatic.

  • Oriental (noun)

    Eastern Christians of the Greek rite.

  • Occidental (adjective)

    Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western; - opposed to oriental; as, occidental climates, or customs; an occidental planet.

  • Occidental (adjective)

    Possessing inferior hardness, brilliancy, or beauty; - used of inferior precious stones and gems, because those found in the Orient are generally superior.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Oriental (noun)

    a member of an Oriental race

  • Oriental (adjective)

    denoting or characteristic of the biogeographic region including southern Asia and the Malay Archipelago as far as the Philippines and Borneo and Java;

    "Oriental politeness"

    "for people of South and East Asian ancestry the term `Asian' is preferred to `Oriental'"

    "Asian ancestry"

  • Occidental (noun)

    a native inhabitant of the Occident

  • Occidental (noun)

    an artificial language

  • Occidental (adjective)

    denoting or characteristic of countries of Europe and the Western Hemisphere;

    "occidental civilization"

    "Hesperian culture"

Illustrations

Oriental

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