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Monosaccharide vs. Oligosaccharide — What's the Difference?

Monosaccharide vs. Oligosaccharide — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Monosaccharide and Oligosaccharide

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Monosaccharide

Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the simplest form of sugar and the most basic units (monomers) of carbohydrates. The general formula is CnH2nOn, or [Cn(H2O)n] or { CH2O}n albeit not all molecules fitting this formula (e.g.
Jul 26, 2022

Oligosaccharide

An oligosaccharide (/ˌɑlɪgoʊˈsækəˌɹaɪd/; from the Greek ὀλίγος olígos, "a few", and σάκχαρ sácchar, "sugar") is a saccharide polymer containing a small number (typically three to ten) of monosaccharides (simple sugars). Oligosaccharides can have many functions including cell recognition and cell binding.
Jul 26, 2022

Monosaccharide

Any of several carbohydrates, such as tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Also called simple sugar.
Jul 26, 2022

Oligosaccharide

A carbohydrate that consists of a relatively small number of monosaccharides.
Jul 26, 2022

Monosaccharide

(carbohydrate) A simple sugar such as glucose, fructose or deoxyribose that has a single ring
Jul 26, 2022
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Oligosaccharide

(carbohydrate) A polysaccharide of low molecular weight, being a polymer of between three and eight monosaccharide units.
Jul 26, 2022

Monosaccharide

A simple sugar; any of a number of sugars (including the trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc.), not decomposable into simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Specif., as used by some, a hexose. The monosaccharides are all open-chain compounds containing hydroxyl groups and either an aldehyde group or a ketone group.
Jul 26, 2022

Oligosaccharide

Any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
Jul 26, 2022

Monosaccharide

A sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
Jul 26, 2022

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