Methane (US: or UK: ) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula CH4 (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen). It is a group-14 hydride and the simplest alkane, and is the main constituent of natural gas. The relative abundance of methane on Earth makes it an attractive fuel, though capturing and storing it poses challenges due to its gaseous state under normal conditions for temperature and pressure. Natural methane is found both below ground and under the sea floor. When it reaches the surface and the atmosphere, it is known as atmospheric methane. The Earth's atmospheric methane concentration has increased by about 150% since 1750, and it accounts for 20% of the total radiative forcing from all of the long-lived and globally mixed greenhouse gases.
The tervalent functional group, -CH=, having one single bond and one double bond.
The simplest aliphatic hydrocarbon, CH4, being a constituent of natural gas.
"Cattle emit a large amount of methane."
Any of very many derivatives of methane.
A trivalent group or radical consisting of a carbon and a hydrogen atom, specifically the group =CH—; also called methene or methenyl. Also (especially in Dye Chem.): designating a dye, pigment, etc., containing one or more such groups.
A light, colorless, gaseous, inflammable hydrocarbon, CH4; marsh gas. It is the simplest of the aliphatic hydrocarbons. See Marsh gas, under Gas.
a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel