VS.

Materialism vs. Naturalism

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Materialismnoun

Constant concern over material possessions and wealth; a great or excessive regard for worldly concerns.

Naturalismnoun

A state of nature; conformity to nature.

Materialismnoun

(philosophy) The philosophical belief that nothing exists beyond what is physical.

Naturalismnoun

The doctrine that denies a supernatural agency in the miracles and revelations recorded in religious texts and in spiritual influences.

Materialismnoun

Material substances in the aggregate; matter.

Naturalismnoun

(philosophy) Any system of philosophy which refers the phenomena of nature as a blind force or forces acting necessarily or according to fixed laws, excluding origination or direction by a will.

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Materialismnoun

The doctrine of materialists; materialistic views and tenets; called also philosophical materialism.

‘The irregular fears of a future state had been supplanted by the materialism of Epicurus.’;

Naturalismnoun

(philosophy) A doctrine which denies a strong separation between scientific and philosophic methodologies and/or topics

Materialismnoun

The tendency to give undue importance to material interests as contrasted with spiritual concerns; devotion to the material nature and its wants.

Naturalismnoun

(arts) A movement in theatre, film, and literature that seeks to replicate a believable everyday reality, as opposed to such movements as Romanticism or Surrealism, in which subjects may receive highly symbolic, idealistic, or even supernatural treatment.

Materialismnoun

Material substances in the aggregate; matter.

Naturalismnoun

(nonstandard) naturism, nudism, social nudity.

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Materialismnoun

a desire for wealth and material possessions with little interest in ethical or spiritual matters

Naturalismnoun

A state of nature; conformity to nature.

Materialismnoun

(philosophy) the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality

Naturalismnoun

The doctrine of those who deny a supernatural agency in the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in spiritual influences; also, any system of philosophy which refers the phenomena of nature to a blind force or forces acting necessarily or according to fixed laws, excluding origination or direction by one intelligent will.

Materialism

Materialism is a form of philosophical monism that holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all things, including mental states and consciousness, are results of material interactions. According to philosophical materialism, mind and consciousness are by-products or epiphenomena of material processes (such as the biochemistry of the human brain and nervous system), without which they cannot exist.

Naturalismnoun

The theory that art or literature should conform to nature; realism; also, the quality, rendering, or expression of art or literature executed according to this theory.

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Naturalismnoun

The principles and characteristics professed or represented by a 19th-century school of realistic writers, notably by Zola and Maupassant, who aimed to give a literal transcription of reality, and laid special stress on the analytic study of character, and on the scientific and experimental nature of their observation of life.

Naturalismnoun

(philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations

Naturalismnoun

an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description

Naturalismnoun

(in art and literature) a style and theory of representation based on the accurate depiction of detail

‘his attack on naturalism in TV drama’;

Naturalismnoun

the philosophical belief that everything arises from natural properties and causes, and supernatural or spiritual explanations are excluded or discounted

‘this romanticized attitude to the world did conflict with his avowed naturalism’;

Naturalismnoun

(in moral philosophy) the theory that ethical statements can be derived from non-ethical ones.

Naturalismnoun

another term for natural religion

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