VS.

It vs. This

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Itpronoun

The third-person singular personal pronoun that is normally used to refer to an inanimate object or abstract entity, also often used to refer to animals.

‘Put it over there.’; ‘Take each day as it comes.’; ‘I heard the sound of the school bus - it was early today.’;

Thisdeterminer

The (thing) here used in indicating something or someone nearby.

‘This classroom is where I learned to read and write.’;

Itpronoun

A third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to a child, especially of unknown gender.

‘She took the baby and held it in her arms.’;

Thisdeterminer

The known (thing) used in indicating something or someone just mentioned.

‘They give the appearance of knowing what they're doing. It's this appearance that lets them get away with so much.’;

Itpronoun

Used to refer to someone being identified, often on the phone, but not limited to this situation.

‘It's me. John.’; ‘Is it her?’;

Thisdeterminer

The known (thing) used in indicating something or someone about to be mentioned.

‘When asked what he wanted for his birthday, he gave this reply: “[…]”’;

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Itpronoun

The impersonal pronoun, used without referent as the subject of an impersonal verb or statement. (known as the dummy pronoun or weather it)

‘It is nearly 10 o’clock.’; ‘It’s 10:45 [read ten-forty-five].’; ‘It’s very cold today.’; ‘It’s lonely without you.’;

Thisdeterminer

A known (thing) used in first mentioning a person or thing that the speaker does not think is known to the audience. Compare with "a certain ...".

‘I met this woman the other day who's allergic to wheat. I didn't even know that was possible!’; ‘There's just this nervous mannerism that Bob has with his hands, and it drives me crazy.’;

Itpronoun

The impersonal pronoun, used without referent in various short idioms.

‘stick it out’; ‘live it up’; ‘rough it’;

Thisdeterminer

(Of a unit of time) which is current.

‘It snowed this week.’;

Itpronoun

The impersonal pronoun, used as a placeholder for a delayed subject, or less commonly, object; known as the dummy pronoun or, more formally in linguistics, a syntactic expletive. The delayed subject is commonly a to-infinitive, a gerund, or a noun clause introduced by a subordinating conjunction.

‘It is easy to see how she would think that. (with the infinitive clause headed by to see)’; ‘I find it odd that you would say that. (with the noun clause introduced by that)’; ‘It is hard seeing you so sick. (with the gerund seeing)’; ‘He saw to it that everyone would vote for him. (with the noun clause introduced by that)’; ‘It is not clear if the report was true. (with the noun clause introduced by if)’;

Thisadverb

To the degree or extent indicated.

‘I need this much water.’; ‘Do we need this many recommendations?’; ‘We've already come this far, we can't turn back now.’;

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Itpronoun

All or the end; something after which there is no more.

‘Are there more students in this class, or is this it?’; ‘That's it—I'm not going to any more candy stores with you.’;

Thispronoun

The thing, item, etc. being indicated.

‘This is the excellent foppery of the world, that, when we are sick in fortune,—often the surfeit of our own behaviour,—we make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and the stars... — Shakespeare, King Lear, [http://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=The_Tragedy_of_King_Lear&action=edit§ion=4 Act 1. Scene 2.]’;

Itpronoun

A third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to an animate referent who is transgender or is neither female nor male.

Thisnoun

(philosophy) Something being indicated that is here; one of these.

Itpronoun

(obsolete) Followed by an omitted and understood relative pronoun: That which; what.

Thisinterjection

(Internet slang) Indicates the speaker's strong approval or agreement with the previous material.

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Itdeterminer

(obsolete) its

Thispronoun

As a demonstrative pronoun, this denotes something that is present or near in place or time, or something just mentioned, or that is just about to be mentioned.

‘When they heard this, they were pricked in their heart.’; ‘But know this, that if the good man of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched.’;

Itnoun

One who is neither a he nor a she; a creature; a dehumanized being.

Thispronoun

As an adjective, this has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun; as, this book; this way to town.

‘This way and that wavering sails they bend.’; ‘A body of this or that denomination is produced.’; ‘Their judgment in this we may not, and in that we need not, follow.’; ‘Consider the arguments which the author had to write this, or to design the other, before you arraign him.’; ‘Thy crimes . . . soon by this or this will end.’; ‘This twenty years have I been with thee..’; ‘I have not wept this years; but nowMy mother comes afresh into my eyes.’;

Itnoun

The person who chases and tries to catch the other players in the playground game of tag.

‘In the next game, Adam and Tom will be it…’;

Itnoun

The game of tag.

‘Let's play it at breaktime.’;

Itnoun

(uncountable) Sex appeal, especially that which goes beyond beauty.

Itnoun

(euphemism) Sexual activity.

‘caught them doing it’;

Itnoun

A biological force that inhabits living beings, according to the vitalist approach of Georg Groddeck.

Itadjective

(colloquial) Most fashionable.

Itproper noun

abbreviation of Italy

Itproper noun

abbreviation of Italianlanguage

Itpronoun

The neuter pronoun of the third person, corresponding to the masculine pronoun he and the feminine she, and having the same plural (they, their or theirs, them).

‘The day present hath ever inough to do with it owne grief.’; ‘Do, child, go to it grandam, child.’; ‘It knighthood shall do worse. It shall fright all it friends with borrowing letters.’; ‘The fruit tree yielding fruit after his (its) kind.’;

Itpronoun

As a substance for any noun of the neuter gender; as, here is the book, take it home.

Itpronoun

As a demonstrative, especially at the beginning of a sentence, pointing to that which is about to be stated, named, or mentioned, or referring to that which apparent or well known; as, I saw it was John.

‘It is I; be not afraid.’; ‘Peter heard that it was the Lord.’;

Itpronoun

As an indefinite nominative for a impersonal verb; as, it snows; it rains.

Itpronoun

As a substitute for such general terms as, the state of affairs, the condition of things, and the like; as, how is it with the sick man?

‘Think on me when it shall be well with thee.’;

Itpronoun

As an indefinite object after some intransitive verbs, or after a substantive used humorously as a verb; as, to foot it (i. e., to walk).

‘The Lacedemonians, at the Straits of Thermopylæ, when their arms failed them, fought it out with nails and teeth.’; ‘Whether the charmer sinner it, or saint it,If folly grows romantic, I must paint it.’;

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