Ask Difference

Isotonic vs. Hypertonic — What's the Difference?

Isotonic vs. Hypertonic — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Isotonic and Hypertonic

ADVERTISEMENT

Compare with Definitions

Isotonic

Of equal tension.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

Having a higher osmotic pressure than a particular fluid, typically a body fluid or intracellular fluid.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

Isosmotic.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

Of or in a state of abnormally high muscle tone.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

Having the same concentration of solutes as the blood
An isotonic saline solution.
Sep 23, 2021
ADVERTISEMENT

Hypertonic

(Physiology) Having extreme muscular or arterial tension.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

(Physiology) Of or involving muscular contraction in which the muscle remains under relatively constant tension while its length changes.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

(Chemistry) Having the higher osmotic pressure of two solutions.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

(of two solutions) Having the same osmotic pressure.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

(of a solution) Having a greater osmotic pressure than another.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

(of a medical solution) Having the same concentration of solutes as human blood.
Use an isotonic saline solution in your neti pot to prevent irritation of your nasal passages.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

(anatomy) Having a very high muscular tension; spastic.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

(of two muscles) Having equal tension.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

Having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution; - of an aqueous solution. Increasing the concentration of dissolved solids increases the osmotic pressure, and thus the tonicity of a solution. Opposite of hypotonic and contrasting with isotonic.
A knowledge of the colligative properties of solutions . . . is essential for one to understand fully the principles involved in rendering intravenous solutions isotonic with blood serum, or opthalmic solutions isotonic with lachrymal fluid. Solutions thus adjusted produce less shock and much less irritation than those which are hypotonic or hypertonic, and present-day practise recognizes the desirability of making the necessary adjustments whenever possible.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

(physiology) Of or involving muscular contraction against resistance in which the length of the muscle changes. Antonym is isometric. Isotonic movements are either concentric (working muscle shortens) or eccentric (working muscle lengthens). See also Wikipedia:Isotonic (exercise physiology)
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

Having an osmotic pressure greater than that of blood plasma, which is approximately that of a 0.2 normal solution of sodium chloride. Cells taken from a medium of normal physiological osmolality and placed in a hypertonic medium will shrink.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

(music) Having the same tone.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

In a state of abnormally high tension; - of muscle.
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

Having or indicating, equal tones, or tension.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

(of living tissue) in a state of abnormally high tension;
Hypertonic muscle tissue
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

Having an osmotic pressure (tonicity) equal to that of a reference solution; - of aqueous solutions. Contrasting with hypotonic and hypertonic. See hypertonic.
A knowledge of the colligative properties of solutions . . . is essential for one to understand fully the principles involved in rendering intravenous solutions isotonic with blood serum, or opthalmic solutions isotonic with lachrymal fluid. Solutions thus adjusted produce less shock and much less irritation than those which are hypotonic or hypertonic, and present-day practise recognizes the desirability of making the necessary adjustments whenever possible.
Sep 23, 2021

Hypertonic

(used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

(of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

Relating to or characterized by the equal intervals of the well-tempered scale;
Isotonic tuning
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

Of or involving muscular contraction in which tension is constant while length changes
Sep 23, 2021

Isotonic

Of two or more muscles; having equal tension
Sep 23, 2021

Share Your Discovery

Share via Social Media
Embed This Content
Embed Code
Share Directly via Messenger
Link
Previous Comparison
Can vs. Could
Next Comparison
Custom vs. Customize

Popular Comparisons

Featured Comparisons

Trending Comparisons

New Comparisons

Trending Terms