Information vs. Advice - What's the difference?

Wikipedia

  • Information

    Information is any entity or form that provides the answer to a question of some kind or resolves uncertainty. It is thus related to data and knowledge, as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts. As it regards data, the information's existence is not necessarily coupled to an observer (it exists beyond an event horizon, for example), while in the case of knowledge, the information requires a cognitive observer. Information is conveyed either as the content of a message or through direct or indirect observation. That which is perceived can be construed as a message in its own right, and in that sense, information is always conveyed as the content of a message. Information can be encoded into various forms for transmission and interpretation (for example, information may be encoded into a sequence of signs, or transmitted via a signal). It can also be encrypted for safe storage and communication. Information reduces uncertainty. The uncertainty of an event is measured by its probability of occurrence and is inversely proportional to that. The more uncertain an event, the more information is required to resolve uncertainty of that event. The bit is a typical unit of information, but other units such as the nat may be used. For example, the information encoded in one "fair" coin flip is log2(2/1) = 1 bit, and in two fair coin flips is log2(4/1) = 2 bits. The concept that information is the message has different meanings in different contexts. Thus the concept of information becomes closely related to notions of constraint, communication, control, data, form, education, knowledge, meaning, understanding, mental stimuli, pattern, perception, representation, and entropy.

Wiktionary

  • Information (noun)

    Things that are or can be known about a given topic; communicable knowledge of something. from 14th c.

    "I need some more information about this issue."

  • Information (noun)

    The act of informing or imparting knowledge; notification. from 14th c.

    "For your information, I did this because I wanted to."

  • Information (noun)

    A statement of criminal activity brought before a judge or magistrate; in the UK, used to inform a magistrate of an offence and request a warrant; in the US, an accusation brought before a judge without a grand jury indictment. from 15th c.

  • Information (noun)

    The act of informing against someone, passing on incriminating knowledge; accusation. 14th-17th c.

  • Information (noun)

    The systematic imparting of knowledge; education, training. from 14th c.

  • Information (noun)

    The creation of form; the imparting of a given quality or characteristic; forming, animation. from 17th c.

  • Information (noun)

    […] the meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known conventions used in its representation.

  • Information (noun)

    Divine inspiration. from 15th c.

  • Information (noun)

    A service provided by telephone which provides listed telephone numbers of a subscriber. from 20th c.

  • Information (noun)

    Any unambiguous abstract data, the smallest possible unit being the id=datum. from 20th c.

  • Information (noun)

    As contrasted with data, information is processed to extract relevant data. from late 20th c.

  • Information (noun)

    Any ordered sequence of symbols (or signals) (that could contain a message). from late 20th c.

  • Advice (noun)

    An opinion recommended or offered, as worthy to be followed; counsel.

    "She was offered various piece of advice on what to do with her new-found wealth."

  • Advice (noun)

    Deliberate consideration; knowledge.

    "How shall I dote on her with more advice,
    That thus without advice begin to love her?"

  • Advice (noun)

    Information or news given; intelligence

    "late advices from France"

  • Advice (noun)

    In commercial language, information communicated by letter; used chiefly in reference to drafts or bills of exchange

    "a letter of advice"

  • Advice (noun)

    Counseling to perform a specific illegal act.

  • Advice (noun)

    In aspect-oriented programming, the code whose execution is triggered when a join point is reached.

  • Advice (verb)

    misspelling of advise

Webster Dictionary

  • Information (noun)

    The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or intelligence.

  • Information (noun)

    Any fact or set of facts, knowledge, news, or advice, whether communicated by others or obtained by personal study and investigation; any datum that reduces uncertainty about the state of any part of the world; intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation, or instruction.

  • Information (noun)

    A proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some offense against the government, instituted and prosecuted, really or nominally, by some authorized public officer on behalf of the government. It differs from an indictment in criminal cases chiefly in not being based on the finding of a grand jury. See Indictment.

  • Information (noun)

    A measure of the number of possible choices of messages contained in a symbol, signal, transmitted message, or other information-bearing object; it is usually quantified as the negative logarithm of the number of allowed symbols that could be contained in the message; for logarithms to the base 2, the measure corresponds to the unit of information, the hartley, which is log210, or 3.323 bits; called also information content. The smallest unit of information that can be contained or transmitted is the bit, corresponding to a yes-or-no decision.

  • Information (noun)

    Useful facts, as contrasted with raw data; as, among all this data, there must be some interesting information.

  • Advice (noun)

    An opinion recommended or offered, as worthy to be followed; counsel.

  • Advice (noun)

    Deliberate consideration; knowledge.

  • Advice (noun)

    Information or notice given; intelligence; as, late advices from France; - commonly in the plural.

  • Advice (noun)

    Counseling to perform a specific illegal act.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Information (noun)

    a message received and understood

  • Information (noun)

    a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn;

    "statistical data"

  • Information (noun)

    knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction

  • Information (noun)

    (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome;

    "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"

  • Information (noun)

    formal accusation of a crime

  • Advice (noun)

    a proposal for an appropriate course of action

Illustrations

Information

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