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Freezing Point vs. Freezing Point Depression — What's the Difference?

By Tayyaba Rehman — Published on November 30, 2023
Freezing Point is the temperature at which a liquid becomes solid; Freezing Point Depression is the lowering of this temperature due to solute addition.
Freezing Point vs. Freezing Point Depression — What's the Difference?

Difference Between Freezing Point and Freezing Point Depression

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Key Differences

Freezing Point refers to the specific temperature at which a pure liquid turns into a solid under atmospheric pressure. It's a unique physical property for every substance. Freezing Point Depression, on the other hand, denotes the phenomenon where the Freezing Point of a liquid (usually a solvent) is lowered when a solute is added.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023
When we discuss Freezing Point, we are often referring to the temperature at which the liquid and solid phases of a substance are in equilibrium at atmospheric pressure. For water, this Freezing Point is 0°C. In the realm of Freezing Point Depression, this equilibrium is shifted. This means that, in the presence of a solute, the Freezing Point of our solvent (like water) would be below its usual 0°C.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023
It's crucial to understand that Freezing Point is an intrinsic property of a pure substance. It doesn't change unless external factors, like pressure, are altered. Freezing Point Depression, however, is directly associated with the presence of solute particles. The more solute particles present, the greater the Freezing Point Depression will be.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023
One can find the significance of Freezing Point in everyday life. For instance, water freezes at 0°C, and this is its Freezing Point. Freezing Point Depression is also of practical importance. It's the reason why salt is sprinkled on icy roads in winter. The salt lowers the Freezing Point of the ice, causing it to melt even if the temperature is below the standard Freezing Point of water.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Comparison Chart

Definition

Temperature where liquid turns solid.
Lowering of Freezing Point due to solute.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023
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Depends On

Nature of the substance.
Amount and nature of solute added.
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Nov 30, 2023

Intrinsic/Extrinsic

Intrinsic property of pure substances.
Extrinsic, depends on solute-solvent interactions.
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Nov 30, 2023

Value for Water (at 1 atm)

0°C.
Below 0°C when solute is added.
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Nov 30, 2023

Examples

Water's Freezing Point is 0°C.
Adding salt to ice results in Freezing Point Depression.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Compare with Definitions

Freezing Point

The equilibrium point of liquid and solid phases.
The Freezing Point helps determine state changes in substances.
Tayyaba Rehman
Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point Depression

Result of solute particles disrupting solid formation.
Sugar in water also leads to Freezing Point Depression.
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Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point

A distinct temperature marking liquid-solid phase transition.
Mercury's Freezing Point is -38.83°C.
Tayyaba Rehman
Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point Depression

Indicates how much the Freezing Point is lowered.
Different solutes can cause varying degrees of Freezing Point Depression.
Tayyaba Rehman
Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point

The temperature at which a liquid solidifies.
Water has a Freezing Point of 0°C.
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Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point Depression

A colligative property of solutions.
Freezing Point Depression is more pronounced with higher solute concentrations.
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Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point

A fixed value under standard conditions for each substance.
Oils have varying Freezing Points based on their composition.
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Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point Depression

Directly proportional to solute amount.
Doubling the amount of solute can double the Freezing Point Depression.
Tayyaba Rehman
Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point

An intrinsic property of pure substances.
The Freezing Point of ethanol is approximately -114°C.
Tayyaba Rehman
Oct 08, 2023

Freezing Point Depression

The decrease in Freezing Point due to solute addition.
Salt causes Freezing Point Depression when added to ice.
Tayyaba Rehman
Oct 08, 2023

Common Curiosities

What is Freezing Point?

Freezing Point is the temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid under standard atmospheric conditions.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Can pressure affect the Freezing Point?

Yes, pressure changes can alter the Freezing Point, but the effect is more pronounced in substances other than water.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

How does salt cause Freezing Point Depression on roads?

Salt disrupts the formation of ice, requiring colder temperatures to freeze the water.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Is Freezing Point Depression only observed in water?

No, Freezing Point Depression is a general phenomenon observed in various solvents when solutes are added.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

How is Freezing Point Depression calculated?

It's calculated using the formula: ΔTf = Kf * m, where ΔTf is the Freezing Point Depression, Kf is the cryoscopic constant, and m is the molality of the solute.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Do all solutes cause the same Freezing Point Depression?

No, the extent of Freezing Point Depression depends on the solute type and concentration.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Why does adding solute cause Freezing Point Depression?

The solute disrupts the regular structure of the solvent, requiring more energy removal (or lower temperatures) to solidify.
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Nov 30, 2023

Can Freezing Point be higher than the boiling point?

No, the Freezing Point is always lower than the boiling point of a substance.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Is Freezing Point Depression harmful?

Not inherently, but certain solutes can be harmful, and the depressed Freezing Point can impact biological and environmental systems.
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Nov 30, 2023

What is Freezing Point Depression?

Freezing Point Depression is the lowering of a solvent's Freezing Point when a solute is added.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

What's the Freezing Point of water?

The Freezing Point of water is 0°C at 1 atm pressure.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Is the Freezing Point always the same for a substance?

The Freezing Point is consistent for pure substances under standard conditions.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Are Freezing Point and Freezing Point Depression the same for all substances?

No, each substance has its Freezing Point, and its Freezing Point Depression varies based on the solute added.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Why is Freezing Point Depression a colligative property?

It's a colligative property because it depends on the number of solute particles and not their identity.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

Can we reverse Freezing Point Depression?

Removing the solute or diluting the solution can reduce Freezing Point Depression.
Tayyaba Rehman
Nov 30, 2023

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Author Spotlight

Written by
Tayyaba Rehman
Tayyaba Rehman is a distinguished writer, currently serving as a primary contributor to askdifference.com. As a researcher in semantics and etymology, Tayyaba's passion for the complexity of languages and their distinctions has found a perfect home on the platform. Tayyaba delves into the intricacies of language, distinguishing between commonly confused words and phrases, thereby providing clarity for readers worldwide.

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