Farm vs. Plantation - What's the difference?

Main Difference

The main difference between Farm and Plantation is that the Farm is a area of land for farming, or, for aquaculture, lake, river or sea, including various structures and Plantation is a long artificially established forest, farm or estate, where crops are grown for sale.

Wikipedia

  • Farm

    A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes with the primary objective of producing food and other crops; it is the basic facility in food production. The name is used for specialised units such as arable farms, vegetable farms, fruit farms, dairy, pig and poultry farms, and land used for the production of natural fibres, biofuel and other commodities. It includes ranches, feedlots, orchards, plantations and estates, smallholdings and hobby farms, and includes the farmhouse and agricultural buildings as well as the land. In modern times the term has been extended so as to include such industrial operations as wind farms and fish farms, both of which can operate on land or sea. Farming originated independently in different parts of the world, as hunter gatherer societies transitioned to food production rather than, food capture. It may have started about 12,000 years ago with the domestication of livestock in the Fertile Crescent in western Asia, soon to be followed by the cultivation of crops. Modern units tend to specialise in the crops or livestock best suited to the region, with their finished products being sold for the retail market or for further processing, with farm products being traded around the world. Modern farms in developed countries are highly mechanized. In the United States, livestock may be raised on rangeland and finished in feedlots and the mechanization of crop production has brought about a great decrease in the number of agricultural workers needed. In Europe, traditional family farms are giving way to larger production units. In Australia, some farms are very large because the land is unable to support a high stocking density of livestock because of climatic conditions. In less developed countries, small farms are the norm, and the majority of rural residents are subsistence farmers, feeding their families and selling any surplus products in the local market.

  • Plantation

    A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops. The crops grown include cotton, coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar cane, sisal, oil seeds, oil palms, rubber trees, and fruits. Protectionist policies and natural comparative advantage have sometimes contributed to determining where plantations were located. A plantation house is the main house of a plantation, often a substantial farmhouse, which often serves as a symbol for the plantation as a whole. Plantation houses in the Southern United States and in other areas were often quite grand and expensive architectural works. Among the earliest examples of plantations were the latifundia of the Roman Empire, which produced large quantities of wine and olive oil for export. Plantation agriculture grew rapidly with the increase in international trade and the development of a worldwide economy that followed the expansion of European colonial empires. Like every economic activity, it has changed over time. Earlier forms of plantation agriculture were associated with large disparities of wealth and income, foreign ownership and political influence, and exploitative social systems such as indentured labor and slavery.

Wiktionary

  • Farm (noun)

    A place where agricultural and similar activities take place, especially the growing of crops or the raising of livestock.

  • Farm (noun)

    A tract of land held on lease for the purpose of cultivation.

  • Farm (noun)

    A location used for an industrial purpose, having many similar structures

    "fuel farm"

    "wind farm"

    "antenna farm"

  • Farm (noun)

    A group of coordinated servers.

    "a render farm"

    "a server farm"

  • Farm (noun)

    Food; provisions; a meal.

  • Farm (noun)

    A banquet; feast.

  • Farm (noun)

    A fixed yearly amount (food, provisions, money, etc.) payable as rent or tax.

  • Farm (noun)

    A fixed yearly sum accepted from a person as a composition for taxes or other moneys which he is empowered to collect; also, a fixed charge imposed on a town, county, etc., in respect of a tax or taxes to be collected within its limits.

  • Farm (noun)

    The letting-out of public revenue to a ‘farmer’; the privilege of farming a tax or taxes.

  • Farm (noun)

    The body of farmers of public revenues.

  • Farm (noun)

    The condition of being let at a fixed rent; lease; a lease.

  • Farm (verb)

    To work on a farm, especially in the growing and harvesting of crops.

  • Farm (verb)

    To devote (land) to farming.

  • Farm (verb)

    To grow (a particular crop).

  • Farm (verb)

    To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; to farm out.

    "to farm the taxes"

  • Farm (verb)

    To lease or let for an equivalent, e.g. land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds.

  • Farm (verb)

    To take at a certain rent or rate.

  • Farm (verb)

    To engage in grinding (repetitive activity) in a particular area or against specific enemies for a particular drop or item.

  • Plantation (noun)

    A large farm; estate or area of land designated for agricultural growth. Often includes housing for the owner and workers.

  • Plantation (noun)

    An area where trees are planted for commercial purposes.

  • Plantation (noun)

    The importation of large numbers of workers and soldiers to displace the local population, such as in medieval Ireland and in the Caribbean.

Oxford Dictionary

  • Farm (noun)

    an area of land and its buildings, used for growing crops and rearing animals

    "a farm of 100 acres"

    "farm workers"

  • Farm (noun)

    a farmhouse

    "a half-timbered farm"

  • Farm (noun)

    a place for breeding a particular type of animal or producing a specified crop

    "a fish farm"

  • Farm (noun)

    a place devoted to producing or promoting something

    "an energy farm"

  • Farm (verb)

    make one's living by growing crops or keeping livestock

    "he has farmed organically for years"

  • Farm (verb)

    use (land) for growing crops and rearing animals

    "marshes are being drained in order to farm the land"

  • Farm (verb)

    breed or grow (a type of livestock or crop) commercially

    "ostriches are farmed in South Africa and Australia"

  • Farm (verb)

    send out or subcontract work to others

    "it saves time and money to farm out some writing work to specialized companies"

  • Farm (verb)

    arrange for a child to be looked after by someone, usually for payment

    "the babies are farmed out for five years"

  • Farm (verb)

    send a sports player temporarily to another team in return for a fee

    "he was farmed out in 1938 and '39 and came back for two games in 1940"

  • Farm (verb)

    allow someone to collect and keep the revenues from (a tax) on payment of a fee

    "the customs had been farmed to the collector for a fixed sum"

  • Plantation (noun)

    an estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are grown.

  • Plantation (noun)

    an area in which trees have been planted, especially for commercial purposes

    "new conifer plantations"

  • Plantation (noun)

    colonization or settlement of emigrants, especially of English and then Scottish families in Ireland in the 16th–17th centuries under government sponsorship

    "the Plantation of Ulster"

  • Plantation (noun)

    a colony.

Webster Dictionary

  • Farm (noun)

    The rent of land, - originally paid by reservation of part of its products.

  • Farm (noun)

    The term or tenure of a lease of land for cultivation; a leasehold.

  • Farm (noun)

    The land held under lease and by payment of rent for the purpose of cultivation.

  • Farm (noun)

    Any tract of land devoted to agricultural purposes, under the management of a tenant or the owner.

  • Farm (noun)

    A district of country leased (or farmed) out for the collection of the revenues of government.

  • Farm (noun)

    A lease of the imposts on particular goods; as, the sugar farm, the silk farm.

  • Farm

    To lease or let for an equivalent, as land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds.

  • Farm

    To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; as, to farm the taxes.

  • Farm

    To take at a certain rent or rate.

  • Farm

    To devote (land) to agriculture; to cultivate, as land; to till, as a farm.

  • Farm (verb)

    To engage in the business of tilling the soil; to labor as a farmer.

  • Plantation (noun)

    The act or practice of planting, or setting in the earth for growth.

  • Plantation (noun)

    The place planted; land brought under cultivation; a piece of ground planted with trees or useful plants; esp., in the United States and West Indies, a large estate appropriated to the production of the more important crops, and cultivated by laborers who live on the estate; as, a cotton plantation; a coffee plantation.

  • Plantation (noun)

    An original settlement in a new country; a colony.

Princeton's WordNet

  • Farm (noun)

    workplace consisting of farm buildings and cultivated land as a unit;

    "it takes several people to work the farm"

  • Farm (verb)

    be a farmer; work as a farmer;

    "My son is farming in California"

  • Farm (verb)

    collect fees or profits

  • Farm (verb)

    cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques;

    "The Bordeaux region produces great red wines"

    "They produce good ham in Parma"

    "We grow wheat here"

    "We raise hogs here"

  • Plantation (noun)

    an estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale (especially in tropical areas)

  • Plantation (noun)

    a newly established colony (especially in the colonization of North America);

    "the practice of sending convicted criminals to serve on the Plantations was common in the 17th century"

  • Plantation (noun)

    garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth

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